Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis

Family:VITACEAE
Species:Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
Common Name:Summer Grape
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VIAEA2
Plant Notes:Summer Grape is a native perennial woody vine in the Grape family (Vitaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Summer Grape occurs in (usually) dry woodlands, in cut over woods, along forest margins, and on fences. Summer Grape climbs by means of tendrils. Vine can grow from 10-35 feet in length. The bark on older vines is bark brown and peels in strips. Leaves are alternate, deciduous, and orbicular to oval in outline. Leaves may have 3-5 shallow or deep lobes. Mature leaves are green above and glabrous or pubescent. The lower surface of the leaf is glaucous and densely or slightly arachnoid-pubescent. Flowers are produced in dense panicles. Flowers may be staminate (flowers have only functional stamens and lacking functional carpels), pistillate (flowers having functional carpels and lacking functional stamens), or perfect (with both functioning stamens and carpels). Individual flowers have 5 narrow greenish-yellow petals. Flowers are fragrant. The fruit is a berry. Fruit varies from sweet to tart in flavor. Two varieties of Summer Grape have been reported from Alabama. Silverleaf Summer Grape (Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. bicolor Deam) is found in northern Alabama. It has slightly smaller fruit, leaves that are glabrate below, and glaucous nodes. Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis occurs state wide. Summer Grape is sometimes available from nurseries. There are several varieties including “Norton”, which is considered by many to be the best native grape for wine production. The Southern Grape Growers community on Facebook is a great source for information on growing grapes in the Deep South.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVITACEAE - Grape family
Genus Vitis
Species Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis - Summer Grape

Citation

Citation Vitis aestivalis Michaux (var. aestivalis), Flora Boreali-Americana 2: 230-231. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Vitis rufotomentosa    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00058324 Crenshaw 5 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13134
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
USAM000015416 Baldwin 18 May 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8477
USAM
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
TROY000009805 Pike 14 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
288
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009807 Pike 03 May 1989 Sam Williams
s.n.
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138471 St. Clair 01 Nov 1984 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138466 Marshall 13 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8475
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00066872 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3096
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
USAM000015417 Mobile 20 Aug 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5532.2
USAM
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU138440 Calhoun 18 Jul 1991 Rhonda Naugher
261
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0044043 Baldwin 27 Jul 2000 Larsen, H.S.
536
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU138464 Marshall 13 Aug 1975 D. Miller
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138469 St. Clair 12 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
169
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
USAM000015412 Mobile 10 Aug 1974 Michael G. LeLong
8112.1
USAM
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU145257 Cleburne 02 Jun 1993 F. Hutchinson
1696
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138448 Cleburne 22 Jun 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10794
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0037709 Mobile 21 Apr 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3062
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
JSU138456 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1522
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009804 Pike 21 Aug 2000 James A. Hall
141
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0036046 Blount 19 Apr 2015 Anderson, Kelly
0778
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
TROY000039750 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 J. Kevin England
2962
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU138467 Morgan 11 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6096
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00027799 Lee 5 Jun 1897 Baker
s.n.
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138455 Jackson 04 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1951
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138439 Calhoun 26 Jul 1991 R. L. Naugher
301
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0004522 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3096
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
JSU138450 DeKalb 11 Jul 1993 D. D. Spaulding
5007
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138443 Clay 15 May 1955 Bob Dyar
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138430 Calhoun 31 May 1987 C. L. Lawler
1614
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009793 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17937
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138460 Lawrence 19 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17621
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138436 Calhoun 31 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11260
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009798 Dale 20 Aug 1997 Hannelore Rundell
371
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0008474 Covington 12 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22346
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138457 Jefferson 05 Oct 1984 J. P. Barber
1203
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
SAMF0003127 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, A. R.
19818
SAMF
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00027789 Mobile 31 May 1874 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138449 Cullman 11 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6268
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00027791 Madison 25 May 1897 Baker
s.n.
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138441 Clay 13 May 1955 Jim Dyar
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000042110 Houston 07 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26273
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0004520 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17937
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
TROY000024569 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3096
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000042085 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26231
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU138434 Calhoun 30 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1454
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000031351 Fayette 08 Jun 1955 William H. Moore
s.n.
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU138459 Lawrence 14 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3772
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138451 DeKalb 30 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5567
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0004920 Conecuh 29 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22158
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138475 Talladega 19 Jul 1992 J. M. Ballard
358
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
SAMF0001638 Lowndes 03 Aug 2004 Diamond, A. R.
14553
SAMF
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00027795 Mobile 18 May 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138444 Cleburne 08 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13686
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009795 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13134
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138431 Calhoun 13 Jun 1985 Janet Evans
002
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0038496 Mobile 01 May 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8447
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000024568 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15441
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0004521 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19818
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
UNA00055980 Covington 24 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11465
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
UNA00009588 Tuscaloosa 14 May 1986 Robert Burckhalter
474
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138432 Calhoun 26 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1285
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000028873 Cherokee 22 May 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
66
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
UNA00027860 Winston 10 Jul 1969 R. Kral
35349
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138454 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5362
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009803 Pike 21 Aug 2000 James A. Hall
141
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138458 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 J. P. Barber
744
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009806 Pike 20 May 1989 Michelle Hughes
19
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138442 Clay 13 May 1955 R. Baird
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138472 St. Clair 12 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13174
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00058146 Blount 23 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
817
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138453 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
945
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138429 Calhoun 26 Jul 1991 R. L. Naugher
301
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
SAMF0003142 Hale 02 Jun 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5782
SAMF
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138465 Marshall 19 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2327
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138438 Calhoun 02 May 1956 Bruce Roberts
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138470 St. Clair 12 May 1983 C. M. De Fiori
072
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009796 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11732
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138427 Bibb 20 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10740
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0031928 Coffee 30 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26253
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000042125 Covington 03 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26262
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138461 Lawrence 06 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3166
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000032955 Conecuh 29 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22158
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00027790 Clay 1 Aug 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138473 St. Clair 03 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12073
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0008631 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2962
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aesitvalis
JSU138452 Etowah 12 Jul 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0017618 Covington 03 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26262
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009800 Escambia 20 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
190
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138446 Cleburne 06 Sep 1974 T. A. Atkinson
794
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0037245 Calhoun 24 May 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14649
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
TROY000009802 Montgomery 13 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17570
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138433 Calhoun 01 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
191
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000033563 Barbour 27 Aug 2011 Lauren Ryan
63
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU146034 Calhoun 21 May 1993 F. Hutchinson
1513
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU138447 Cleburne 25 Aug 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10265
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000033037 Covington 12 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22346
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU139148 Clay 14 Jun 1992 J. M. Ballard
204
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0017500 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26231
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
UNA00027794 Calhoun 1 Sep 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138474 St. Clair 03 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12073
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0031269 Madison 15 Jun 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8989
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
TROY000009801 Lowndes 03 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14553
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138437 Calhoun 29 Apr 1955 Jane Kurzhals
s.n.
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0030866 Sumter 18 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74420
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
JSU142895 Calhoun 26 Jul 1991 R. L. Naugher
301
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138428 Blount 29 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
273
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00027854 Mobile 30 Apr 1967 Rebecca Deramus
D1059
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138435 Calhoun 13 Apr 1986 C. L. Lawler
158
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000028876 Tallapoosa 07 May 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
486
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
UNA00027855 Hale 6 Jul 1966 Norris H. Williams
336
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
JSU138462 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17780
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000009799 Dale 06 Jun 2000 Michael Woods
8149
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000038185 Conecuh 28 Jul 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24397
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
USAM000015415 Mobile 20 Apr 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3062
USAM
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
TROY000009797 Dale 29 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
720
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138476 Talladega 02 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13651
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
USAM000015418 Mobile 30 Apr 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4426
USAM
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UNA00027844 St. Clair 24 Jun 1951 C. G. Hollis
s.n.
UNA
Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis
USAM000015413 Mobile 23 Apr 1976 Michael G. LeLong
9169
USAM
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
TROY000009794 Coffee 17 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
905
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
JSU138463 Madison 09 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
010
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
TROY000045160 Geneva 13 Apr 2017 Cameron Byrd
961
TROY
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
JSU138468 Randolph 12 Oct 1986 C. F. Nixon
3259
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
USAM000015414 Mobile 12 May 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10148
USAM
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU146057 Cleburne 15 Oct 1993 F. Hutchinson
2171
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis
JSU138445 Cleburne 25 Aug 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10245
JSU
Vitis aestivalis Michaux
UWAL0037885 Mobile 28 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3098
UWAL
Vitis aestivalis Michx.
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