Eryngium integrifolium

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Eryngium integrifolium Walter
Common Name:Blue Flower Eryngo; Savannah Eryngo; Blue Flower Coyote Thistle
Habitat:Seeps, wet pinelands, bogs, savannahs.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ERIN6
Plant Notes:Blue Flower Eryngo is a native herbaceous short lived perennial or biennial in the Carrot family (Apiaceae). It is native to most of Alabama. Blue Flower Eryngo occurs in seeps, in wet pinelands, in bogs, and in savannahs. It is a perennial from a hardened base. Stems are erect, unbranched below the inflorescence, striate, and glabrous. The stems are green or reddish-purple in color. The leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are petiolate, ovate to elliptic or oblong in outline, thick, glabrous, with crenate or entire margins. Basal leaves are often not present at flowering time. Stem leaves are alternate, short petiolate to sessile with the petiole sheathing the stem, ovate to elliptic or linear in outline, thick, entire to crenate or serrate, and glabrous. Flower are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in cymes. The heads are sub-hemispheric to globose with 6-10 rigid linear bracts subtending the heads that extend outward beyond the heads. The bracts have 3-5 spine-like teeth along the margins and are blue or white in color. Individual flowers are subtended by a bract with 3 apical teeth that extend between the flowers or fruit, giving the heads a bristly appearance. The petals of the flowers are white to blue in color. The fruit is obpyramidal with club shaped or flat papillae.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAPIACEAE - Carrot/Parsley family
Genus Eryngium
Species Eryngium integrifolium Walter - Blue Flower Eryngo; Savannah Eryngo; Blue Flower Coyote Thistle

Citation

Citation ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM Walter, Fl. Carol. 112. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: 6 mi. E of Summerville, 31 Aug 1950, Wilbur & Webster 2861 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: MICH, NY, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 476. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Eryngium americanum Eryngium americanum Walter ex Sprengel, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 6: 337. 1820.  
Eryngium integrifolium var. lanceolatum Eryngium integrifolium Walter, var. lanceolatum H. Wolff, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 61): 161. 1913. TEXAS
Eryngium integrifolium var. ludovicianum Eryngium integrifolium Walter, var. ludovicianum (Morong) J. M. Coulter & Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 7: 48. 1900.Eryngium ludovicianum Morong 1887. 
Eryngium integrifolium var. typicum Eryngium integrifolium Walter, var. typicum H. Wolff, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 61): 160. 1913, nom. inadmiss.Eryngium integrifolium Walter 1788. 
Eryngium ovalifolium Eryngium ovalifolium Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 163. 1803.  
Eryngium virgatum Eryngium virgatum Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 757. 1797.  
Eryngium virgatum var. ludovicianum Eryngium virgatum Lamarck, var. ludovicianum (Morong) J. M. Coulter & Rose, Rev. N. Amer. Umbell. 96. 1888.Eryngium ludovicianum Morong 1887. 
Eryngium ludovicianum Eryngium ludovicianum Morong, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 14: 51. 1887. LOUISIANA

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Lamar, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Pickens, Pike, Shelby, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000001157 Mobile 22 Aug 1966 Michel G. Lelong
4025
USAM
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00054515 Blount 5 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1605
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UNA00057717 Bibb 30 Oct 1993 James R. Allison
8112
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000032938 Conecuh 13 Aug 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22406
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
TROY000034298 Sumter 27 Sep 2009 Brian R. Keener
5468
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
TROY000029149 Shelby 18 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12760
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA000028418 Shelby 18 OCT 2007 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12760
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UWAL0044143 Baldwin 09 Sep 2000 McArthur, Jill D.
666
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA000028411 Hale 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
913
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UNA00037372 Escambia 7 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1480
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AMAL00005694 Marengo 16 Aug 1973 R. Kral
51403
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0000155 Marengo 16 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1136
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA000028415 Mobile 26 JUL 1998 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
10375
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
TROY000020549 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Robert Kral
96871
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
TROY000014544 Butler 20 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19597
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00057716 Bibb 30 Oct 1993 James R. Allison
8112
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA_ACC040712 Covington 1 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
40998
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
USAM000001156 Washington 02 Sep 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3718
USAM
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA_ACC019752 Choctaw 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
964
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
USAM000001158 Baldwin 23 Aug 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9435
USAM
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA000028416 Mobile 2 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41019
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
AMAL00019720 Marengo 16 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1136
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA000028419 Washington 9 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1025
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UNA00069357 Marengo 16 Sep 2008 Kevin England
1136
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AMAL00005696 Pickens 16 Aug 1973 R. Kral
51381
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000033375 Lowndes 01 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22611
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA_ACC041926 Clarke 23 SEP 1973 BEDWELL, C. R.
098
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UWAL0006211 Conecuh 24 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69689
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Michx.
UNA00037347 Lee _ Sep 1897 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA_ACC047532 Conecuh 24 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3736
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
JSU117834 Mobile 2 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41019
JSU
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AMAL00012826 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3031
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000035937 Monroe 23 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23426
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AMAL00008097 Bibb 17 Aug 2003 A. R. Diamond
14083
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000014020 Clay 16 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67664
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA000028409 Geneva 18 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
633
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UNA00037377 Autauga 15 Sep 1979 John H. Wiersema
1307
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA_ACC051192 Crenshaw 9 SEP 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7110
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
TROY000014021 Shelby 09 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11612
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00037323 Tuscaloosa 20 Sep 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7576
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0000154 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Kral, R.
96871
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UNA00069108 Shelby 18 Oct 2007 D. D. Spaulding
12760
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA_ACC052872 Bibb 17 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8900
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
AMAL00005697 Shelby 09 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11612
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000000980 Coffee 27 Aug 1999 Brian H. Martin
135
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UWAL0000157 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3031
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
JSU117831 Clay 13 Aug 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9962
JSU
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA000028412 Lamar 4 SEP 1966 KRAL, ROBERT
27865
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
JSU117830 Calhoun 30 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12606
JSU
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00037392 Mobile 15 Aug 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D978
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AMAL00017911 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 R. Kral
96871
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UWAL0014961 Monroe 23 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23426
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UWAL0000971 Sumter 27 Sep 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5468
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0007826 Lowndes 01 Oct 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22611
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00037337 Mobile _ Aug 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AMAL00014845 Shelby 18 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12760
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000000981 Coffee 27 Aug 1999 Brian H. Martin
135
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
TROY000000982 Conecuh 29 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11945
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA_ACC072574 Baldwin 10 OCT 2007 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-80
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
SAMF0005903 Mobile 26 Aug 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
537
SAMF
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
JSU117829 Calhoun 30 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12606
JSU
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00056385 Hale 18 Aug 1994 Michelle Birk
113
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AMAL00007237 Monroe 17 Sep 2001 R. Kral
91921
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0017654 Pike 20 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25530
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UWAL0004788 Chilton 22 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69536
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UNA00059904 Shelby 9 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11612
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA_ACC050210 Crenshaw 20 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6278
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
AUA_ACC050735 Crenshaw 29 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6561
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UWAL0018273 Covington 25 Aug 1991 Kral, R.
79688
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0010538 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3738
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
JSU117833 Mobile 29 Aug 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10403
JSU
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA_ACC018856 Baldwin 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1043
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
TROY000042800 Escambia 10 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26807
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00037357 Mobile 16 Oct 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D1032
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0000156 Shelby 18 Oct 2007 Spaulding, D.D.
12760
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0043085 Baldwin 02 Nov 2004 Larsen, H.S.
140
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00023557 Baldwin 12 Sep 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9511
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000014019 Bibb 17 Aug 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14083
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00037362 Lee _ Sep 1897 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA000028681 Lowndes 9 SEP 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6682
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
JSU117835 Shelby 1 Oct 1986 S. J. Boehm
162
JSU
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AMAL00020044 Baldwin 24 Jul 2012 T. Wayne Barger
715
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
JSU117832 Etowah 28 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3276
JSU
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
AUA000028414 Mobile 14 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
528
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UNA00064817 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3031
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA000028407 Escambia 26 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
610-69
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
UNA00056095 Covington 26 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11799
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA000028408 Fayette 10 SEP 1980 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
17
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
TROY000015968 Marengo 16 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1136
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
USAM000001155 Baldwin 12 Sep 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11490
USAM
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00037382 Washington 5 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8142
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0005874 Crenshaw 24 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69650
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UNA00037342 Dale s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA_ACC063063 Bibb 17 AUG 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14083
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
AUA000028406 Escambia 6 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2870
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
AMAL00005695 Blount 05 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1605
AMAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
TROY000042380 Pike 20 Sep 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25530
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UWAL0030179 Escambia 10 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26807
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UWAL0031099 Escambia 18 Sep 1993 Kral, R.
83330
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
AUA000028410 Geneva 18 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
648
AUA
ERYNGIUM INTEGRIFOLIUM WALTER
TROY000034550 Conecuh 24 Sep 1982 Robert Kral
69689
TROY
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00037328 Mobile 26 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
537
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
UWAL0011373 Lowndes 09 Sep 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6682
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UWAL0044144 Baldwin 09 Sep 1995 Larsen, H.S.
145
UWAL
Eryngium integrifolium Walter
UNA00023691 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9478
UNA
Eryngium integrifolium Walt.
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