Prunus umbellata

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Prunus umbellata Elliott
Common Name:Hog Plum; Black Sloe; Prairie Plum
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PRUMU
Plant Notes:Sloe is a small deciduous native tree in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama. Sloe occurs in dry pine or hardwood forests, in old fields, along fence rows, in rocky woods, and along streams. It is a small, often contorted tree reaching heights of 18-20 feet. The bark is dark reddish brown to gray and furrowed. Short shoots form sharp pointed spines. The bark peels in rectangular plates. The leaves are petiolate, elliptic in outline, and singly serrate. The leaves are usually glabrous. Flowers are produced before the leaves. The flowers occur in 2-6 flowered umbels. The flowers are pedicellate, have 5 erect to spreading sepals with entire margins, and 5 white petals. The flowers turn pinkish as they age. Flowers may be fragrant or odorless. The fruit is a red, purple, or blue-black drupe. The fruit are sometimes glaucous. Sloe is the common “wild plum” throughout much of Alabama. The fruit are small and tart, but are eaten by many species of wildlife and can be used to make jellies or jams. Sloe is available from nurseries that specialize in wildlife plants or native fruit trees. Sloe prefers a well-draining soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Prunus
Species Prunus umbellata Elliott - Hog Plum; Black Sloe; Prairie Plum

Citation

Citation Prunus umbellata Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1(6): 541–542. 1821.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Prunus injucunda Prunus injucunda Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25(3): 149–150. 1898. Georgia
Prunus mitis    
Prunus umbellata var. injucunda Prunus umbellata var. injucunda (Small) Sarg., Silva 13: 21. 1902.Prunus injucunda Small 1898. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Chambers, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Monroe, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1871 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000023722 Perry 1 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8858
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023684 Barbour 20 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5285
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
JSU131229 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7731
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000044662 Geneva 17 Aug 2017 Cameron Byrd
1405
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023717 Macon 20 JUN 1970 ROGERS, NORMAN
032
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008443 Barbour 02 Oct 1999 John R. MacDonald
13515
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
JSU131230 Randolph 2 Jul 1980 C. F. Nixon
2441
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00054198 Lamar 08 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10077
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
JSU140064 Monroe 06 Jul 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-283
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023697 Crenshaw 1 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4348
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
JSU131233 Winston 9 Apr 1978 R. Kral
61419
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
USAM000013764 Baldwin 20 Jun 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5433
USAM
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023726 Sumter 29 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
240
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
USAM000013768 Escambia 08 Jun 1969 Robert Kral
35156
USAM
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023682 Autauga 10 APR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UWAL0012736 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3856
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
JSU131224 Jackson 4 Apr 1998 K. R. Brodeur
529
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023696 Crenshaw 24 MAY 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16423
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023701 Dale 8 MAR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7921
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023720 Monroe 12 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023699 Dale 23 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7528
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008444 Butler 10 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17547
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0015813 Covington 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24864
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023686 Bibb 12 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1309
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00065635 Butler 11 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16780
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
JSU131231 Randolph 20 Jul 1986 C. F. Nixon
2424
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00027118 Butler 14 Mar 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9279
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0017343 Franklin 10 Oct 2013 England, J. Kevin
4619
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott var. umbellata
AUA000023718 Macon 12 MAR 2003 VALENTE, M. J.
4
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008448 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16423
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000044821 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Matthew R. Parker
350
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
SAMF0002064 Blount 19 Jun 1956 Avery, J. C.
s.n.
SAMF
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000031884 Butler 17 Jul 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21466
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023704 Escambia 6 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
564
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008442 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16583
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023715 Lee 27 MAR 1970 REDMOND, BILL
006
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
JSU131226 Jackson 4 Apr 1998 K. R. Brodeur
539
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023687 Bibb 25 MAY 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13943
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
SAMF0002067 Pike 18 Mar 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3404
SAMF
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023724 Pike 11 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2882
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023702 Dale 21 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7602
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008445 Butler 11 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16780
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0015744 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24874
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliot
AUA000023729 Washington 5 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
704
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00062920 Conecuh 24 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14517
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
JSU131232 Talladega 18 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8910
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00015608 Coosa 20 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8789
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0035663 Pickens 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6189
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023694 Conecuh 3 AUG 1969 WEAVER, JIMMY
116
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00048578 Houston 07 Mar 1993 John R. MacDonald
5874
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0003829 Dale 08 May 2005 Kral, R.
96259
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
SAMF0002068 Blount 20 May 1956 Avery, J. C.
s.n.
SAMF
Prunus umbellata Elliott
JSU131219 Bibb 13 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
315
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0002044 Butler 17 Jul 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21466
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023727 Tallapoosa 16 JUL 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
405
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008447 Conecuh 27 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14517
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023716 Lee 16 JUL 1966 SCHMITTON, H. R.
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000039092 Covington 14 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24864
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023721 Monroe 3 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1429
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
SAMF0006110 Pickens 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6189
SAMF
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00015611 Tuscaloosa 17 Apr 1963 Rebecca Deramus
360
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023691 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1502
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00015613 Mobile 16 Apr 1871 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023725 Pike 30 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4319
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023707 Fayette 11 APR 1970 RUSH, LARRY
0023
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00068484 Escambia 19 Jun 2008 C. J. Hansen
3277
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
TROY000008454 Geneva 04 May 2002 Robert Kral
92528
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000022755 Dale 08 May 2005 Robert Kral
96259
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000027052 Baldwin 15 MAY 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-363
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023692 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1523
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00022036 Geneva 25 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53471
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0018565 Chambers 23 Jun 1993 Kral, R.
82667
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
JSU153410 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14172
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0034840 Dale 16 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74357
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023710 Houston 9 JUN 1971 KRAL, ROBERT
43161
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000022861 Chilton 14 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15170
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
JSU131227 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1372
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0016323 Crenshaw 20 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25117
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023703 Dale 26 FEB 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5700
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00027460 Hale 29 Mar 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023693 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1530
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00015618 Clarke 28 Apr _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0034849 Autauga 31 Mar 1996 Kral, R.
85726
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023711 Houston 25 JUL 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35745
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00058433 Blount 30 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
856
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
TROY000008453 Dale 18 Jul 2000 Michael Woods
8199
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00015612 Crenshaw 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8861
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0044354 Baldwin 05 Mar 2001 McArthur, Jill D.
963
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023713 Lee 29 MAR 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00045941 Barbour 27 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11295
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0003828 Dale 08 May 2005 Kral, R.
96268
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
TROY000008446 Coffee 23 Jan 2001 Brian H. Martin
1025
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0034586 Coffee 05 Jun 1995 Kral, R.
84867
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023723 Pickens 28 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45276
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00015609 Shelby 14 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
563
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023689 Chambers 1 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
030
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000039090 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24874
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023706 Escambia 3 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6318
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
SAMF0003028 Coffee 19 May 1986 Davenport, L. J.
2460
SAMF
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00055902 Tuscaloosa 09 May 1994 Robert Burckhalter
2553
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023688 Butler 2 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1347
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00015617 Baldwin 18 Mar 1887 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023714 Lee 27 MAR 1969 GREGORY, J. M.
131
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008452 Dale 12 Apr 1997 Hannelore Rundell
77
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0019624 Blount 05 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
81949
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
TROY000008455 Wilcox 27 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92241
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000022754 Dale 08 May 2005 Robert Kral
96268
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000027217 Jackson 18 MAR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC-6
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023730 Wilcox 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2838
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00015610 Tuscaloosa 05 Jun 1968 R. Kral
31096
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0043548 Baldwin 04 Mar 2000 & 09 Apr 2000 Larsen, H.S.
522
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UNA00015616 s.d. Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
UWAL0039540 Russell 06 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28281
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
USAM000013765 Baldwin 29 Jun 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7960
USAM
Prunus umbellata Elliott
JSU131221 Blount 24 Jul 1969 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0036095 Blount 25 Jul 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0610
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023683 Baldwin 26 JUN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16583
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000046394 Russell 06 May 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28281
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023708 Henry 17 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5253
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
JSU131223 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14170
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00015621 Hale 23 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023685 Bibb 15 SEP 1981 GOLDEN, MICHAEL S.
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008451 Dale 14 Mar 1998 Hannelore Rundell
498
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000008449 Dale 17 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
434
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000022862 Pickens 29 May 1972 Robert Kral
46892
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023690 Clay 12 APR 1970 BLANKENCHIP, B. P.
007
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UNA00022100 Shelby 29 Mar 1973 R. Kral
49441
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000024819 Escambia 19 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3277
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000022753 Henry 01 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19105
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023719 Marion 28 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45179
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
USAM000013766 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7513
USAM
Prunus umbellata Elliott
JSU131222 Blount 24 Jul 1969 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UWAL0038216 Baldwin 29 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7960
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023705 Escambia 31 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2772
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
UWAL0003830 Escambia 19 Jun 2008 Hansen, C.J.
3277
UWAL
Prunus umbellata Ell.
AUA000023695 Conecuh 24 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14517
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
JSU131228 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7731
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000022859 Bibb 25 May 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13943
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023709 Houston 12 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51179
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
TROY000008450 Dale 22 Oct 1997 Hannelore Rundell
465
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
UNA00015620 Winston 08 Apr 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6427
UNA
Prunus umbellata Ell.
TROY000040554 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3856
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023712 Jefferson 7 AUG 1971 COOK, HARRY D.
090
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
JSU131220 Blount 31 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7836
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
TROY000022860 Blount 30 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
856
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000031245 Covington 18 May 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4713
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA
TROY000022863 Tallapoosa 27 Apr 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
126
TROY
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023698 Dale 9 JUN 1971 KRAL, ROBERT
43175
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
USAM000013767 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7513
USAM
Prunus umbellata Elliott
JSU131225 Jackson 30 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1763
JSU
Prunus umbellata Elliott
AUA000023700 Dale 24 MAY 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8271
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
AUA000023728 Washington 9 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6705
AUA
PRUNUS UMBELLATA ELLIOTT
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