Prunus caroliniana

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Prunus caroliniana Aiton
Common Name:Carolina Laurel Cherry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PRCA
Plant Notes:Carolina Laurel Cherry is a native small tree in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama, but is most common in the lower third of the state. Carolina Laurel Cherry grows on dunes, in maritime forests, in ravines in the sand hills, and around old home sites. This species was most likely native to areas near the coast and in the sand hills, but has been spread inland by human cultivation and by birds which feed on its fruit. Carolina Laurel Cherry is a smooth barked small tree reaching a height of usually less than twenty-five feet. It has alternate evergreen leaves that are entire or rarely with a few small teeth. Teeth are more commonly found on young plants and vigorously growing limbs. In the spring small white flowers with five petals are produced in racemes. The fruit is a drupe (a fleshy fruit with a seed enclosed in a hard endocarp – the “stone” or “pit”). The fruit is about one half inches long and shiny black. Fruit persist on the tree throughout the winter and are eagerly sought by song birds. Carolina Laurel Cherry was once placed in the genus Laurocerasus, due to its evergreen nature and resemblance to Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis Linnaeus). It is similar to the European Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus Linnaeus), a native of southeastern Europe that is sometimes cultivated in the United States. The leaves of Carolina Cherry Laurel contain high amounts of hydrogen cyanide, and are poisonous if consumed. Carolina Laurel Cherry is an attractive small tree that can be pruned into a hedge. In thrives in most soil types, is drought tolerant, and resistant to insect and deer damage. Plants are available from nurseries or can be grown from seed. It tends to be “weedy” and produced large amounts of fruit. It also re-sprouts vigorously if cut down.--Alvin Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Prunus
Species Prunus caroliniana Aiton - Carolina Laurel Cherry

Citation

Citation PRUNUS CAROLINIANA (Miller) Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 163. 1789.
Basionym: Padus caroliniana Miller 1768.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Laurocerasus caroliniana Laurocerasus caroliniana (Miller) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 90. 1847.Padus caroliniana Miller 1768. 
Padus caroliniana Padus caroliniana Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1896 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0010082 Covington 17 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22772
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU142212 Monroe 05 Jul 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-275
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00015522 Mobile 09 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
864
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0003816 Geneva 01 Jan 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20488
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000008386 Dale 27 Feb 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000022726 Geneva 01 Jan 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20488
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0015857 Houston 12 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24737
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023578 Lee 28 MAR 1969 CHITWOOD, JOHN C.
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
AUA000023576 Lee 30 MAY 1960 HOLDAWAY, JOY
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
UWAL0005508 Pike 13 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21900
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023573 Crenshaw 12 MAR 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9495
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008385 Dale 24 Dec 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14926
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000022821 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2796
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU131040 Shelby 14 Mar 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000008387 Dale 17 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
427
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU139254 Jefferson 11 Jun 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10875
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0016089 Conecuh 20 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24893
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU142190 Dallas 24 May 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-228
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000026728 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1273
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0015853 Barbour 26 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24752
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU131039 Montgomery 31 Mar 1979 Becky Owen
s.n.
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU143919 Calhoun 11 Jul 1969 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
USAM000013754 Mobile 17 Mar 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4199.2
USAM
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0015194 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23646
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000008391 Montgomery 12 Jan 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16118
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023583 Lee 2 FEB 1920 JOHNSTONE, GEORGE R.
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
UWAL0016115 Autauga 01 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24711
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023585 Montgomery 12 JAN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16118
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000039046 Autauga 01 Jan 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24711
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023570 Coffee 29 SEP 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14728
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
JSU131038 Lee 19 Apr 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00062147 Butler 20 Mar 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14295
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0019395 Dallas 07 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82049
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Ait.
UWAL0010098 Conecuh 22 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22776
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00056353 Coffee 02 Jan 1999 John R. MacDonald
12511
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000022752 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
24
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0015201 Escambia 28 Dec 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23619
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU131041 Talladega 31 Mar 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12953
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00015519 Mobile 12 Mar _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000045591 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Matthew Parker
251
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0014587 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3858
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00027111 Conecuh 14 Mar 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9273
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
SAMF0002058 Jefferson 26 Mar 2009 Burns, Kelly L.
17
SAMF
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000008384 Dale 08 Sep 1997 Hannelore Rundell
331
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0017642 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26123
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023569 Coffee 18 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4237
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000042455 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26123
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023572 Conecuh 28 JUN 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2592
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008393 Covington 04 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17887
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00066670 Butler 24 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17339
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0018509 Houston 08 Mar 1991 Kral, R.
78362
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Ait.
UWAL0010693 Pike 18 Dec 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21720
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU142213 Monroe 05 Jul 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-275
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00015521 Pike 28 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39803
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0003815 Crenshaw 03 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19710
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000008379 Coffee 05 Nov 1999 Brian H. Martin
345
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
USAM000013753 Baldwin 13 Dec 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11921
USAM
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0010031 Covington 13 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22757
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU131036 Dallas 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13991
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023580 Lee 29 MAR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
005-69
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
UWAL0003818 Sumter 28 Apr 1993 Stanton, Lee E.
s.n.
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
AUA000023571 Conecuh 15 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2089
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008392 Butler 24 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17339
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000044654 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Matthew R. Parker
317
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU131037 Lee 31 Jul 1973 G. H. Crance
166
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00064493 Dale 24 Dec 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14926
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0003814 Butler 24 Mar 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17339
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000036488 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23646
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023574 Dale 8 MAR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7935
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008381 Coffee 25 Feb 2000 Brian H. Martin
433
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00069596 Dale 31 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
61
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000040578 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3858
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000008380 Coffee 29 Sep 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14728
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00059109 Barbour 16 Mar 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11107
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0012679 Lowndes 07 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23769
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023582 Lee 20 MAY 1960 BAKER, SHELBY
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
UWAL0011083 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0308
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000036493 Escambia 28 Dec 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23619
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0030634 Covington 14 Nov 1986 Kral, R.
73696
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Ait.
AUA000023577 Lee 3 APR 1970 WARD, L. A.
002
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
JSU131032 Calhoun 27 Mar 1967 Norman Harris
s.n.
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0038074 Cullman 05 Aug 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14920
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
AUA000023575 Dale 24 DEC 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14926
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008390 Monroe 09 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92137
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00064767 Colbert 17 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2796
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000038884 Houston 12 Jan 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24737
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0036272 Mobile 14 Feb 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3678
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Miller) Aiton
UNA00069598 Barbour 24 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
45
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000020028 Dale 31 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
61
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000030351 Covington 23 Mar 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4995
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA
TROY000008382 Conecuh 29 Dec 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12258
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00059360 Chambers 15 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11398
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0003817 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1273
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0043546 Baldwin 25 Feb 2000 Larsen, H.S.
259
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (Mill.) Ait.
TROY000033344 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Derek Morrison
98
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000022742 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20200
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0034455 Butler 13 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85213
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023584 Monroe 18 MAR 1999 KRAL, ROBERT
88041
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
JSU131035 Etowah 12 Aug 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4306
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0037227 Shelby 02 Jun 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14681
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
AUA000023588 Talladega 12 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
110
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008388 Geneva 08 Nov 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18607
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00063694 Coffee 29 Sep 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14728
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0038524 Baldwin 19 Nov 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3969
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000037430 Lowndes 07 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23769
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0019351 Butler 24 Aug 1991 Kral, R.
79627
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Ait.
UNA00069577 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
24
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000022741 Barbour 24 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
45
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000036434 Covington 12 Sep 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5276
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AIT.
JSU131034 Colbert 12 Mar 1974 R. David Whetstone
2276
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00016788 Mobile 01 Mar 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000035029 Bullock 22 Feb 2012 Bailee Dykes
308
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0031867 Conecuh 29 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73203
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
USAM000013752 Pike 28 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39803
USAM
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000008383 Covington 07 Nov 2006 J. C. Till
11
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UWAL0034335 Crenshaw 08 Apr 1988 Kral, R.
74595
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Walt.
AUA000023568 Butler 20 MAR 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14295
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000039567 Elmore 17 Aug 2011 Robert Pullen
197
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023567 Baldwin 30 NOV 2002 ZEBRYK, TAD M.
8112
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008394 Crenshaw 04 Mar 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16156
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00066744 Crenshaw 04 Mar 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16156
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0010934 Dale 09 Mar 2007 Kral, R.
97802
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (Mill.) Ait.
TROY000032530 Pike 13 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21900
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023587 Russell 15 MAR 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-66
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008376 Barbour 16 Mar 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11107
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00069364 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 Kevin England
1273
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000034222 Pike 18 Dec 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21720
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000008378 Butler 30 Dec 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12843
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
UNA00060436 Baldwin 30 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8112
UNA
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
UWAL0010709 Houston 11 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22749
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023589 Tallapoosa 10 OCT 1972 ALLEN, J. D.
094
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
UWAL0037314 Lee 16 Sep 2016 Taylor, Chris T.
s.n.
UWAL
Prunus caroliniana (P. Mill.) Ait.
TROY000034033 Pike 13 Sep 2011 Kayla Counts
21
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023586 Pike 10 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4174
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
TROY000008377 Butler 20 Mar 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14295
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
AUA000023579 Lee 20 MAY 1960 NEESE, TARLDON
AUA
PRUNUS CAROLINIANA AITON
SAMF0002059 Morgan 03 Apr 1998 Lee, Karen
70
SAMF
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
JSU131030 Calhoun 15 Apr 1992 D. S. Bailey
50
JSU
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000008389 Marengo 15 Mar 2003 Robert Kral
93632
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
TROY000022820 Chambers 15 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11398
TROY
Prunus caroliniana Aiton
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