Prunus americana

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Prunus americana Marshall
Common Name:American Plum; Wild Plum; Red Plum
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PRAM
Plant Notes:American Plum is a native deciduous shrub or small tree in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It is native primarily from the Black Belt region northwards in Alabama. American Plum grows in prairies, along fence rows, on stream sides, and in open woods. It is a shrub or small tree growing to 8-15 feet in height. It usually does not form extensive thickets by suckering. The bark is initially smooth and reddish brown in color. With age it becomes grayish brown to dark gray and furrowed with irregular shallow ridges. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to obovate in outline, with doubly serrate margins. The leaves are glabrous or slightly hairy along the main veins. Flowers are produced in umbellate fascicles. The flowers are produced with the emergence of the new leaves. Each flower has five spreading white petals and 5 reflexed sepals. The sepals are glandular-toothed. The fruit is a red or yellow drupe. It is sometimes glaucous (covered with a waxy, white coating). The fruit is sweet to tart, and can be eaten raw or made into jellies or preserves. American Plum is considered the best native plum for fruit production. Over 250 varieties have been selected. It is also an important food for wildlife. American Plum is available from nurseries or it can be grown from seed. It prefers a well-draining soil and full to partial sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Prunus
Species Prunus americana Marshall - American Plum; Wild Plum; Red Plum

Citation

Citation PRUNUS AMERICANA Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 111. 1785.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Prunus americana var. floridana Prunus americana Marshall, var. floridana Sargent, J. Arnold Arbor. 2: 113. 1920. FLORIDA: Wakulla Co.: Near St. Marks, 30 Mar 1914, Harbison 30 (holotype: A?).
Prunus domestica var. americana Prunus domestica Linnaeus, var. americana (Marshall) Castiglioni, Viagg. Stati Uniti 2: 339. 1790.Prunus americana Marshall 1785. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Dallas, Escambia, Etowah, Hale, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1890 - 2004

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000035036 Bullock 08 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
608
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000033284 Montgomery 04 Apr 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21236
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
JSU130982 Etowah 13 Mar 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00015430 Clay 02 Aug 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
TROY000045632 Autauga 15 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
62
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00015435 Walker 02 Apr 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6079
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
AUA000023524 Blount 10 MAY 1966 KRAL, ROBERT
26639
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
UWAL0038300 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8340
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
JSU130976 Calhoun 18 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3036
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023539 Wilcox 16 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
490
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
UWAL0003831 Chilton 23 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4460
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh.
UNA00015432 Lee 26 Jul 1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
UWAL0043544 Baldwin 16 Jun 2001 Larsen, H.S.
680
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00015429 Clay 02 Jul 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
TROY000044823 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Matthew R. Parker
379
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00015439 Hale 22 Mar 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
s.n.
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
AUA000023529 Dallas 31 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45373
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
JSU130983 Etowah 14 Jun 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0038348 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8433
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
JSU130975 Calhoun 27 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2980
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023537 Pike 4 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4141
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
USAM000013745 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8340
USAM
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000008365 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18477
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000014730 Chilton 23 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4460
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
JSU130972 Baldwin 8 Oct 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10869
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023525 Bullock 4 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4144
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
UNA00015437 Lauderdale _ Aug 1896 Dr. H. D. Moody
s.n.
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
JSU130987 Madison 25 Apr 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
222
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0010935 Monroe 10 Mar 2007 Kral, R.
97808
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh.
UWAL0036093 Blount 24 Aug 2015 Anderson, Kelly
0925
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh.
JSU130979 Calhoun 15 Jul 1969 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023523 Baldwin 24 JUN 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12138
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
TROY000042282 Pike 25 Mar 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26033
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
USAM000013743 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8343
USAM
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000008364 Lowndes 29 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14537
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0043543 Baldwin 04 May 2010 Larsen, H.S.
1748
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00062909 Lowndes 29 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14537
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
AUA000023535 Montgomery 11 JUL 1904 ANDREWS, ELIZABETH F.
S.N.
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
JSU130977 Calhoun 15 Jul 1969 Sandra Morello
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023532 Lee 31 MAR 1974 BARRICK, J. F.
17
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
JSU130984 Etowah 2 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
873
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0036134 St. Clair 31 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8929
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
JSU130978 Calhoun 15 Jul 1969 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023536 Morgan 13 MAY 1972 WILLIAMS, SUSAN
165
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
UWAL0001769 Lowndes 27 Jul 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21492
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh.
JSU140057 Monroe 01 Mar 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-35
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000023060 Blount 23 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
830
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
JSU130980 Calhoun 15 Jul 1969 Linda Millican
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000033006 Escambia 13 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4852
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSH.
UNA00015431 Mobile _ Sep 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
TROY000038989 Butler 17 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24986
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000008363 Baldwin 24 Jun 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12138
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0034381 Monroe 03 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86351
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0016160 Butler 17 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24986
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0031514 Morgan 22 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5633
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00015438 Tuscaloosa 22 Jun 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1050
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh. var. americana
AUA000023526 Chilton 27 JUL 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15619
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
UWAL0011094 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0608
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00015433 Morgan 18 May 1890 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
JSU130989 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0002229 Montgomery 04 Apr 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21236
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh.
TROY000031910 Lowndes 27 Jul 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21492
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023530 Jackson 18 APR 1971 KRAL, ROBERT
42121
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
JSU130981 Calhoun 18 Jun 1969 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
SAMF0002061 Bibb 18 Apr 2009 Davenport, L. J.
3937
SAMF
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000023061 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15619
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023531 Lee 28 MAR 1969 HALL, WILLIAM G.
14
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
USAM000013751 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8340
USAM
Prunus americana Marshall
JSU130985 Hale 20 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10732
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0018870 Madison 27 Jun 1986 Kral, R.
73545
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh
AUA000023533 Lowndes 29 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14537
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
UNA00065103 Baldwin 24 Jun 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12138
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
JSU130988 Madison 16 Apr 1996 S. E. Hruska
1029
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0019396 Dallas 07 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82047
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh
UWAL0036094 Blount 21 May 2013 Anderson, Kelly
0199
UWAL
Prunus americana Marsh.
JSU130974 Calhoun 25 Mar 1970 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023528 Choctaw 21 MAR 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
825
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
TROY000022739 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19652
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
USAM000013744 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8425
USAM
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00065491 Jackson 02 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1680
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
UNA00054269 Blount 12 Apr 1999 Brian R. Keener
1872
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
JSU130973 Blount 12 Apr 1999 Brian R. Keener
1872
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UNA00047244 Marion 01 Jul 1985 Sidney McDaniel
28220
UNA
Prunus americana Marsh.
AUA000023527 Choctaw 26 AUG 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1187
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
JSU130986 Limestone 1 Mar 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00324
JSU
Prunus americana Marshall
UWAL0036135 St. Clair 31 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8930
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
TROY000008366 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18274
TROY
Prunus americana Marshall
AUA000023538 Tallapoosa 1 MAY 1997 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER47
AUA
PRUNUS AMERICANA MARSHALL
UWAL0017588 Pike 25 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26033
UWAL
Prunus americana Marshall
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