Monarda punctata

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Monarda punctata Linnaeus
Common Name:Eastern Horsemint; Spotted Beebalm; Dotted Horsemint
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MOPU
Plant Notes:Eastern Horsemint is a native herbaceous perennial in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It can be found throughout the southern two-thirds of Alabama. Eastern Horsemint occurs in dry or mesic pine forest, dry hardwood forests, in prairies, on glades, on roadsides, and along fence rows. It Is a perennial from a tap root with slender rhizomes or stolons. Stems are square, pubescent, and green or purple in color. The stems are freely branched and about 3 feet tall. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, lanceolate or elliptic in outline, with serrate margins. The leaves often have short branches or whorls of leaves in their axils. Both the leaves and stems are anise scented when damaged. Flowers are produced in several verticils near the apex of the main stems. The flowers are subtended by several leaf-like bracts that are pink, lavender, or white in color (in whole or part). Individual flowers are 2-lipped, yellow in color, and spotted with reddish purple. The fruit is a mericarp. Eastern Horsemint flowers attract a wide range of insects. It is commonly available from wildflower nurseries or can be grown from seed. It prefers a sandy soil in full sun. An herbal tea can be made from the dried leaves.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Monarda
Species Monarda punctata Linnaeus - Eastern Horsemint; Spotted Beebalm; Dotted Horsemint

Citation

Citation MONARDA PUNCTATA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 22. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 40.6). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Taxon 50: 514. 2001.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Monarda lutea Monarda lutea Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 16. 1803, nom. illegit.Monarda punctata Linnaeus 1753. 
Monarda punctata subsp. typica Monarda punctata Linnaeus, subsp. typica Epling, Madroño 3: 23. 1935, nom. inadmiss.Monarda punctata Linnaeus 1753. 
Monarda punctata var. leucantha Monarda punctata Linnaeus, var. leucantha Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 104. 1896. FLORIDA: Manatee Co.: Palmetto, 21-23 Aug 1895, Nash 2456 (holotype: NY).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1896 - 1985

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000006533 Pike 09 Sep 2004 Hansen, Curtis J.
1659
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_9855 Bullock 1 Sep 1960 Roberts, D.R.
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UNA00059907 Geneva 09 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11609
UNA
Monarda punctata L. subsp. punctata
TROY000042611 Houston 13 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26731
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA000043854 Lee 11 Aug 2018 Taylor, Chris T.
CSP-574
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000043439 Washington 27 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3813
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
ALNHS00000691 Monroe 24 Aug 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-394
ALNHS
Monarda punctata L. var. punctata
AUA_ACC_43668 Conecuh 17 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1549
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UNA00060897 Russell 02 Aug 2001 Gil, G.
2001-311
UNA
Monarda punctata L. subsp. punctata
AUA_ACC_28758 Cleburne 12 Sep 1975 Rutland, David W.
1742
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_16678 Dallas 23 Sep 1965 Demaree, Delzie
52962
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
JSU126449 Cleburne 9 Jun 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
237
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000006532 Pike 24 Sep 1995 Holmes, Jeanese
69
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0034307 Mobile 18 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74393
UWAL
Monarda punctata L.
TROY000006521 Butler 20 Aug 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14097
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19104 Covington 20 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
744
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0006493 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1253
UWAL
Monarda punctata L.
AUA_ACC_55067 Crenshaw 27 Aug 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9883
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA000041237 Escambia 26 Jul 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5694
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_62246 Russell 2 Aug 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-311)
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0046295 Autauga 17 Aug 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1102
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
SAMF0004840 Clarke 15 Aug 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5378
SAMF
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_18901 Baldwin 10 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
1048
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000006525 Dale 14 Aug 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
370
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_30332 Cleburne 4 Jun 1966 Koelling, Alfred C.
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_51950 Escambia 3 Sep 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6329
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000036178 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1233
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_46531 Covington 21 Oct 1982 Kuhns, Michael R.
75
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_26819 Tallapoosa 22 Jul 1974 Hutto, T.A.
434
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
JSU126444 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12594
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000006529 Geneva 09 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11609
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19710 Sumter 8 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
941
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
JSU126447 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19158
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000006522 Coffee 25 Aug 1999 Martin, Brian H.
114
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_42409 Tallapoosa 30 Jul 1972 Roboski, J.C.
120
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000020995 Sumter 02 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3880
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0006494 Sumter 02 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3880
UWAL
Monarda punctata L.
TROY000046650 Escambia 12 Sep 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5270
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
ALNHS00004800 Coosa 06 Jun 2017 Soehren, Eric C.
499
ALNHS
Monarda punctata L. var. punctata
AUA_ACC_48997 Coffee 17 Sep 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5532
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UNA00040328 Pickens 24 Sep 1985 Horn, Charles N.
1007
UNA
Monarda punctata L. subsp. punctata
TROY000006523 Conecuh 22 Sep 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12670
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0044500 Baldwin 16 Sep 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
434
UWAL
Monarda punctata L.
AUA_ACC_44792 Tallapoosa 25 Oct 1975 Dupree, W.G.
137
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000042903 Crenshaw 10 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26889
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0030865 Sumter 18 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74426
UWAL
Monarda punctata L.
TROY000026725 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1253
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19077 Butler 20 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
770
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0032109 Houston 13 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26731
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000006527 Dale 15 Sep 2000 Woods, Michael
8227
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_14108 Elmore 12 Aug 1966 Rogers, Kenneth
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000048566 Autauga 24 Aug 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1765
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0035733 Mobile 24 Jul 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3396
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000038692 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3731
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
SAMF0003277 Sumter 18 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74426
SAMF
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_7618 Wilcox 29 Aug 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
227
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UNA00040330 Baldwin 23 Aug 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Monarda punctata L. subsp. punctata
TROY000048488 Autauga 17 Aug 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1102
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UNA00040324 Dallas 23 Sep 1965 Demaree, Delzie
52962
UNA
Monarda punctata L. var. punctata
AUA_ACC_59219 Dale 19 Aug 1999 Kral, Robert
88711
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000033506 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Dykes, Bailee
128
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19060 Elmore 7 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
803
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0049158 Bullock 31 Jul 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3475
UWAL
Mondarda punctata Linnaeus var. punctata
AUA_ACC_51392 Coffee 6 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6467
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0043400 Baldwin 09 Aug 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
851
UWAL
Monarda punctata L.
TROY000020928 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20114
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17398 Lee 12 Aug 1969 Rebois, R.V.
174
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0037405 Bullock 18 Aug 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
397
UWAL
Monarda punctata L. var punctata
AUA_ACC_13730 Elmore 12 Aug 1966 Wagle, Leslie
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000041855 Montgomery 14 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25507
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UNA00074115 Lee 23 Aug 1997 Miller, James H.
s.n.
UNA
Monarda punctata L.
AUA_ACC_43667 Conecuh 17 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1491
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UNA00072947 Clarke 15 Aug 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5378
UNA
Monarda punctata L.
AUA_ACC_23083 Clarke 8 Sep 1971 Henley, Nancy S.
038
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_4111 Lee 23 Aug 1948 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UNA00017103 Hale 30 Sep 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2443
UNA
Monarda punctata L.
TROY000006520 Butler 17 Sep 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16907
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0011591 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1233
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000020927 Escambia 18 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20066
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_18945 Geneva 18 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
659
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA000032966 Covington 13 Sep 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4874
AUA
Monarda Punctata L. Var. Punctata
AUA_ACC_48986 Pike 26 Sep 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5564
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_28405 Cleburne 11 Sep 1975 Rutland, David W.
1499
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_55434 Perry 1 Oct 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8856
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0044942 Escambia 12 Sep 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5270
UWAL
Monarda punctata L.
AUA_ACC_63546 Pickens 30 Jul 1980 Freeman, John D.
29
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000043188 Covington 07 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26793A
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_16628 Macon 15 Aug 1965 Koelling, Alfred C.
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
JSU126442 Bibb 16 Aug 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
3214
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000006524 Dale 13 Jun 1999 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UNA00040329 Aug-Sep Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Monarda punctata L. subsp. punctata
USAM000007774 Mobile 14 Aug 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3569
USAM
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_40447 Clarke 4 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41074
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_58086 Crenshaw 6 Sep 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11396
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
JSU126443 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12594
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000020993 Bibb 14 Aug 2000 Kral, Robert
90120
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19683 Autauga 7 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
827
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
JSU126448 Clarke 16 Sep 1977 Bedwell, C.R.
076
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_43987 Conecuh 28 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1633
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0030663 Covington 07 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26793.1
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_64180 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 Nixon, C.F.
2022
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
ALNHS00006988 Lee 31 Aug 2018 Marc Johnson
#742
ALNHS
Monarda punctata L. var. punctata
USAM000007775 Wilcox 18 Aug 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6743
USAM
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0046209 Autauga 24 Aug 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1765
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000006526 Dale 28 Jul 1999 Pennington, Tiffany
6
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UWAL0010541 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3731
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_64411 Pike 9 Sep 2004 Hansen, Curtis J.
1659
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000006528 Dale 29 Aug 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
403
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA000038511 Lee 2 Sep 1956 Hocking, George M.
837
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
SAMF0004587 Lee 20 Sep 2001 Hansen, Curtis J.
2001-67
SAMF
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_10501 Autauga 13 Aug 1961 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
814
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
JSU126445 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12594
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19002 Montgomery 17 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
607
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_18859 Mobile 9 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
1040
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA_ACC_59932 Lee 20 Sep 2001 Hansen, Curtis J.
2001-67
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0031722 Crenshaw 10 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26889
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaues
AUA_ACC_17397 Macon 30 Jul 1969 Owens, James R.
150
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000020994 Pickens 30 Jul 1980 Dalrymple, Larry
29
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UNA00073633 Washington 27 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3813
UNA
Monarda punctata L.
AUA_ACC_50631 Dale 16 Aug 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7684
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
UWAL0012940 Washington 27 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3813
UWAL
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_37637 Escambia 6 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
568
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
TROY000006531 Pike 05 Aug 2000 Hall, James A.
102
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
UNA00060841 Butler 20 Aug 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14097
UNA
Monarda punctata L. subsp. punctata
USAM000007773 Mobile 21 Jul 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3397
USAM
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA000041138 Dallas 24 Aug 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC609
AUA
Monarda Punctata L. Var. Punctata
JSU126446 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12594
JSU
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
TROY000006530 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18206
TROY
Monarda punctata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_18998 Crenshaw 17 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
611
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
AUA000036671 Escambia 12 Sep 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5270
AUA
Monarda Punctata L.
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