Clinopodium coccineum

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
Common Name:Scarlet Wild Basil; Scarlet Calamint; Red Mint Shrub
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Scarlet Wild Basil is a native evergreen shrub in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It is native to the southern-most counties of Alabama. Scarlet Wild Basil occurs on dunes, in scrub oak woods, in sandhills, and on sandy roadsides. It is a small shrub with a tap root reaching 3-4 feet in height. Plants growing in less than full sun tend to “sprawl” along the ground. The stems are thin and wiry. Young stems are green in color, squarish, and pubescent. Older stems have gray or brown bark that peels in long, thin strips. The leaves are opposite, sessile or with short petioles, elliptic to ovate or spatulate in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are dark green in color and slightly aromatic when crushed. Flowers are produced in axillary cymes near the apex of the stems. Flowers are red or orange in color, tubular, and about two inches in length. The corolla is two-lipped with the upper lip two lobed and shorter than the lower lip, which is three lobed. These are typical hummingbird flowers, and they love them. The plant blooms most heavily during the summer and fall, but occasional flowers are produced throughout the year. The fruit is a nutlet. Scarlet Wild Basil is often sold by native plant nurseries. There is even one variety offered for sale with yellow flowers. Plants can also be grown from seed or cuttings. Scarlet Wild Basil requires very well drained soils and full sun. It can be grown in containers if your soil is not suitable.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Clinopodium
Species Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze - Scarlet Wild Basil; Scarlet Calamint; Red Mint Shrub

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Calamintha coccinea    
Satureja coccinea    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1878 - 2002

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0044264 Baldwin 19 Sep 2000 Larsen, H.S.
495
UWAL
Clinopodium georgianum R. M. Harper
UNA00058603 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2359
UNA
Clinopodium coccineum (Nutt. ex Hook.) Kuntze
JSU125315 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC018848 Mobile 9 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1037
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
UNA00040576 Mobile 18 Oct 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Satureja coccinea (Nutt. ex Hook.) Bertol.
USAM000007672 Baldwin 03 Oct 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11602
USAM
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
JSU125314 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC018867 Baldwin 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1055
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
AUA_ACC030930 Baldwin 11 MAY 1974 BARRICK, J. F.
170
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
UNA00040577 Baldwin 02 Nov 1980 Wendy R. Forster
111
UNA
Satureja coccinea (Nutt. ex Hook.) Bertol.
TROY000032971 Baldwin 20 Aug 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22428
TROY
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
JSU125316 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
USAM000007673 Mobile 17 May 1968 D. L. Scott & B. E. Wofford
206
USAM
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC048407 Baldwin 12 OCT 1980 WEBSTER, B.
39
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
USAM000007855 Mobile 10 Aug 1970 Vaughn D. Luster, Jr.
s.n.
USAM
Calamintha coccinea (Nutt. ex Hook.)Benth.
AUA_ACC048330 Mobile 11 OCT 1980 JACOBS, ROBERT
12
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
TROY000006409 Baldwin 15 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
TROY
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC005479 Baldwin 26 JUL 1968 ODOM, BETTY
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
UWAL0038506 Mobile 18 Sep 1967 Wofford, B.E.
10198
UWAL
Clinopodium coccineum (Nutt.) Kuntze
AUA_ACC041631 Baldwin 12 MAY 1973 LYNN, DAVID
145
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
AUA_ACC000267 Baldwin 4 MAY 1957 GIAMALVA, M. J.
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
JSU125311 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12859
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC037742 Baldwin 15 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
757
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
JSU125313 Baldwin 17 Aug 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1908
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
JSU125320 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4299
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
JSU125318 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC002042 Baldwin 15 APR 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
JSU125312 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12859
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC004075 Baldwin 27 JUL 1953 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
JSU125310 Baldwin 27 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
s.n.
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
JSU125317 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
UWAL0037949 Mobile 23 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3301.2
UWAL
Clinopodium coccineum (Nutt. ex Hook.)Kuntze
AUA_ACC017400 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
173
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
USAM000007857 Mobile 23 Jun 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3301.3
USAM
Calamintha coccinea (Nutt. ex Hook.)Benth.
USAM000007856 Baldwin 09 Sep 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3732
USAM
Calamintha coccinea (Nutt. ex Hook.)Benth.
AUA_ACC037560 Baldwin 15 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
542
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
AUA_ACC060860 Baldwin 11 MAY 1974 SKELTON, M.
147
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
UWAL0008480 Baldwin 20 Aug 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22428
UWAL
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
JSU125319 Baldwin 1 Sep 1997 K. R. Brodeur
065
JSU
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
UWAL0012211 Baldwin 11 Aug 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7436
UWAL
Clinopodium coccineum (Nuttall ex Hooker) Kuntze
AUA_ACC013251 Baldwin 29 APR 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
211
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
UNA00040579 Baldwin 20 Dec 1905 Roland M. Harper
24
UNA
Satureja coccinea (Nutt. ex Hook.) Bertol.
AUA_ACC045090 Mobile 12 OCT 1985 MALO, LORNE K.
AUA
CLINOPODIUM COCCINEUM (NUTT. EX HOOK.) KUNTZE
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