Aeschynomene indica

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
Common Name:Indian Joint Vetch; Southern Joint Vetch
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Indian Joint Vetch is a native annual herbaceous plant in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to the southern half of Alabama. Indian Joint Vetch occurs in marshes, on river and stream banks, in wet roadside ditches, and in low fields. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are from 3-15 feet in height. The stems are green or purple in color, glabrous, and often glaucous. The base of the stem is usually swollen and spongy. Very young stems often have stalked glands. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, and odd-pinnately compound. The leaves are sensitive to touch and will fold up when disturbed. Each leaf has 50-70 oblong or linear-oblong leaflets. The leaflets have a single obvious vein and are glabrous. Flowers are produced in axillary racemes of 3-6 flowers. The rachis and peduncle is glandular pubescent. Flowers are papilionaceous, yellow in color, fading to orange with age. The fruit is a segmented legume that is glandular pubescent. The legume breaks into 1-seeded segments. Indian Joint Vetch occurs throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is sometimes planted as a green manure, and extracts from the plant are used in herbal medicine and as a spermicide. Large spongy stems are used as floats or to build rafts. The seed contain rotenoids, and the foliage can be toxic to ruminants.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Aeschynomene
Species Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus - Indian Joint Vetch; Southern Joint Vetch

Citation

Citation AESCHYNOMENE INDICA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 713. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: INDIA: Malabar: Without data (lectotype: Rheede, Hort. Balab. 9: 31, t. 18. 1689). Lectotypified by Rudd, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 32: 59. 1955; Verdcourt, in Milne-Redhead & Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Legum. 3: 373. 1971.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aeschynomene cachemiriana Aeschynomene cachemiriana Cambessedes, in Jacquemont, Voy. Inde 4: 40. 1844.  
Aeschynomene diffusa Aeschynomene diffusa Klein ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 1164. 1802.  
Aeschynomene glaberrima Aeschynomene glaberrima Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 76. 1816. SOUTH CAROLINA
Aeschynomene herbacea Aeschynomene herbacea Aublet, Hist. Pl. Guiane 775. 1775, nom. illegit.Aeschynomene pumila Linnaeus 1763. 
Aeschynomene indica var. punctata Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus, var. punctata Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 317. 1807.  
Aeschynomene indica var. viscosa Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus, var. viscosa Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 274. 1855.Aeschynomene subviscosa de Candolle 1825 
Aeschynomene macropoda Aeschynomene macropoda de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 320. 1825.  
Aeschynomene montana Aeschynomene montana Spanoghe, Linnaea 15: 192. 1841.  
Aeschynomene oligantha Aeschynomene oligantha Welwitsch ex Baker, in Oliver, Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 146. 1871. ANGOLA: Mocamedes: Mossamedes (Mocamedes), Benguela, s.d., Welwitsch s.n. (holotype: K?).
Aeschynomene pumila Aeschynomene pumila Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1061. 1763. SRI LANKA: Without data, Hermann s.n. (lectotype: BM; isolectotype: S). Lectotypified by Rudd, in Dassanayake, Fl. Ceylon 7: 163. 1991.
Aeschynomene quadrata Aeschynomene quadrata Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 356. 1827.  
Aeschynomene roxburghii Aeschynomene roxburghii Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 322. 1826.Aeschynomene viscidula Roxburgh ex Willdenow 1809, non Michaux 1803. 
Aeschynomene subviscosa Aeschynomene subviscosa de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 321. 1825.  
Aeschynomene viscidula    
Hedysarum alpinum Hedysarum alpinum Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 451. 1790, non Linnaeus 1753.  
Hedysarum virginicum Hedysarum virginicum Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 451. 1790, non Linnaeus 1753.  
Smithia aspera Smithia aspera Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 343. 1832. INDIA: Bengal:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Henry, Lee, Mobile, Monroe, Russell, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, NY, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00016073 Mobile 2 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D 614
UNA
Aeschynomene indica L.
USAM000006112 Baldwin 29 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12206
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
AUA000010261 Henry 24 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
538-69
AUA
AESCHYNOMENE INDICA L.
USAM000006114 Baldwin 18 Aug 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11321
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
NY02503350 Baldwin 19 Sep 1975 Robert Kral
56567
NY
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
USAM000006116 Baldwin 29 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12206
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
TROY000038448 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24467
TROY
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
UNA00016074 Mobile 26 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D730
UNA
Aeschynomene indica L.
USAM000006113 Baldwin 29 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12206
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
AUA000010262 Lee 1949 ORR, WILLIAM P.
AUA
AESCHYNOMENE INDICA L.
AUA000010263 Russell 14 OCT 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14783
AUA
AESCHYNOMENE INDICA L.
TROY000038317 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Bailee Dykes
1713
TROY
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
UWAL0015163 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24467
UWAL
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
USAM000006115 Baldwin 12 Sep 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3752
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
TROY000044950 Wilcox 21 Jul 2017 Alvin R. Diamond
27880
TROY
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
USAM000006117 Mobile 22 Sep 1973 Michel G. Lelong
7302.1
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
TROY000004828 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18135
TROY
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
USAM000006111 Baldwin 29 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12206
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
UNA00008761 Mobile _ Jul _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aeschynomene indica L.
USAM000006119 Baldwin 08 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11861
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
UWAL0007187 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18135
UWAL
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
TROY000004829 Russell 14 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14783
TROY
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
USAM000006118 Baldwin 23 Aug 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11341
USAM
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
UNA00063604 Russell 14 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14783
UNA
Aeschynomene indica L.
UWAL0014984 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1713
UWAL
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
UWAL0039868 Wilcox 21 Jul 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27880
UWAL
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
AUA000010260 Baldwin 19 SEP 1975 KRAL, ROBERT
56567
AUA
AESCHYNOMENE INDICA L.
UWAL0013842 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24467
UWAL
Aeschynomene indica Linnaeus
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