Citrullus lanatus

Family:CUCURBITACEAE
Species:Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
Common Name:Watermelon
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCUCURBITACEAE - Cucumber family
Genus Citrullus
Species Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai - Watermelon

Citation

Citation CITRULLUS LANATUS (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai, Cat. Sem. Spor. Hort. Bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo 30, no. 854. 1916.
Basionym: Momordica lanata Thunberg 1807.
Type: SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Province:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anguria citrullus Anguria citrullus (Linnaeus) Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8, errata. 1768.Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Citrullus amarus Citrullus amarus (Schrader) Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 279. 1836, nom. illegit.Cucumis amarissimus Schrader 1827. 
Citrullus battich Citrullus battich Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 167. 1775.  
Citrullus caffer Citrullus caffer Schrader, Linnaea 12: 413. 1838.  
Citrullus chodospermus Citrullus chodospermus Falconer & Dunal, Bull. Soc. Centr. Agric. Dep. Herault 1836: 264. 1836.  
Citrullus edulis Citrullus edulis Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 214. 1838, nom. illegit.Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher 1836; Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Citrullus fistulosus Citrullus fistulosus Stocks, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 74, t. 3. 1851.  
Citrullus lanatus var. caffer Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai, var. caffer (Schrader) Mansfeld ex Grebishchikov, in Mansfeld, Kulturpflanze, suppl. 2. 422. 1962, nom. illegit.Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. caffrorum Alefeld 1866; Citrullus caffrorum Schrader 1838, nom. illegit.; Citrullus caffer Schrader 1834. 
Citrullus lanatus var. caffrorum Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai, var. caffrorum (Alefeld) Fosberg, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 45: 15. 1980.Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. caffrorum Alefeld 1866; Citrullus caffrorum Schrader 1838, nom. illegit.; Citrullus caffer Schrader 1834. 
Citrullus lanatus var. fistulosus Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai, var. fistulosus (Stocke) Chakravarty, Fasc. Fl. India 11: 23. 1982, non (Steward) Babu 1977.Citrullus fistulosus Stocks 1851. 
Citrullus lanatus subsp. vulgaris Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai, subsp. vulgaris (Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher) Fursa, Bot. Zurn. (Moscoy & Leningrad) 57: 37. 1972.Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher 1836; Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Citrullus vulgaris var. caffrorum Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. caffrorum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 210. 1866.Citrullus caffrorum Schrader 1838, nom. illegit.; Citrullus caffer Schrader 1834. 
Citrullus vulgaris var. colocynthoides Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. colocynthoides Schweinfurth, Nature 28: 113. 1883.  
Citrullus vulgaris var. depressus Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. depressus Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 210. 1866.  
Citrullus vulgaris var. ellipsoideus Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. ellipsoideus Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 210. 1866.  
Citrullus vulgaris var. erythrospermus Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. erythrospermus Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 210. 1866.  
Citrullus vulgaris var. fistulosus Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. fistulosus (Stocks) Duthie & Fuller, Field Garden Crops 2: 46. 1892-1893.Citrullus fistulosus Stocks 1851. 
Citrullus vulgaris var. jaceus Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. jaceus Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 209. 1866.  
Citrullus vulgaris var. lanatus Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. lanatus (Thunberg) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 186. 1930.Momordica lanata Thunberg 1807. 
Citrullus vulgaris var. maximus Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. maximus Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 210. 1866.  
Citrullus vulgaris var. naudinii Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. naudinii Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 210. 1866.  
Citrullus vulgaris var. pasteca Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, var. pasteca (Seringe)Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 210. 1866.Cucumis citrullus (Linnaeus) Seringe, var. pasteca Seringe 1828. 
Citrullus pseudocolocynthis Citrullus pseudocolocynthis M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 50. 1846.  
Colocynthis amarissima Colocynthis amarissima (Schrader) Schrader, Index Sem. Hort. Gött. 1833: 2. 1833.Cucumis amarissimus Schrader 1827. 
Colocynthis citrullus Colocynthis citrullus (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 256. 1891.Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cucumis amarissimus Cucumis amarissimus Schrader, Index Sem. Hort. Gött. 1827.  
Cucumis citrullus Cucumis citrullus (Linnaeus) Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 301. 1828.Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cucumis citrullus var. pasteca Cucumis citrullus (Linnaeus) Seringe, var. pasteca Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 301. 1828.  
Cucumis dissectus Cucumis dissectus Decaisne, Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 449. 1834.  
Cucurbita anguria Cucurbita anguria Duchesne ex Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 158. 1786, nom. illegit.Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cucurbita caffra Cucurbita caffra Ecklon & Zeyher, Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 279. 1836.  
Cucurbita citrullus Cucurbita citrulllus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1010. 1753. Without data (lectotype: LINN 1151.5). Lectotypified by Jeffrey, in Milne-Redhead & Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Cucurbitac. 45. 1967.
Cucurbita gigantea Cucurbita gigantea Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 157. 1796, nom. illegit.Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cucurbita pinnatifida Cucurbita pinnatifida Schrank, Syll. Pl. Nov. 1: 190. 1824.  
Momordica lanata Momordica lanata Thunberg, Fl. Cap. 36. 1807. SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Province:
Praecitrullus fistulosus Praecitrullus fistulosus (Stocks) Pangalo, Bot. Zurn. SSSR 29: 303. 1944.Citrullus fistulosus Stocks 1851. 
Citrullus citrullus Citrullus citrullus (Linnaeus) H. Karsten, Ill. Repet. Pharm.-Med. Bot. 889. 1886, nom. inadmiss.Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 
Citrullus vulgaris Citrullus vulgaris Schrader ex Ecklon & Zeyher, Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 279. 1836.Cucurbita citrullus Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Etowah, Houston, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0011109 Pike 15 Aug 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23229
UWAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
UWAL0010027 Calhoun 15 Oct 2010 Spaulding, Dan
13291
UWAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120760 Cherokee 7 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15644
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
SAMF0002373 Chambers 13 Oct 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4089
SAMF
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
UWAL0007375 Pike 04 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19712
UWAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai
UNA00011856 Mobile 25 Jul 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D974
UNA
Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.
JSU120761 Clay 6 Oct 1993 J. M. Ballard
3352
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000004173 Houston 27 Nov 1999 John R. MacDonald
13742
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
UWAL0007374 Dallas 09 Nov 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12565
UWAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai var. lanatus
UNA00066195 Pike 13 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17234
UNA
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai
AUA000022012 Conecuh 11 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7621
AUA
CITRULLUS LANATUS (THUNB.) MATSUMURA & NAKAI
TROY000029534 Conecuh 01 Oct 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20979
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000004172 Dale 14 Sep 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1007
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120764 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6984
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
AUA_ACC050741 Crenshaw 29 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6575
AUA
CITRULLUS LANATUS (THUNB.) MATSUMURA & NAKAI
TROY000004175 Pike 13 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17234
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
UWAL0007372 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18550
UWAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120768 Randolph 11 Oct 1992 J. M. Ballard
710
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120759 Blount 11 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1193
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000004170 Barbour 20 Oct 2000 Clint Green
12
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
AMAL00013970 Dallas 09 Nov 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12565
AMAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120766 Marshall 19 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3270
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000004174 Pike 16 Oct 2002 Michael Woods
9823
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000004171 Coffee 14 Nov 1999 Brian H. Martin
361
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000018319 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18550
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000029500 Crenshaw 18 Oct 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21061
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
UNA00011858 Mobile 2 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D633
UNA
Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.
AUA_ACC066987 Dallas 9 NOV 2006 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12565
AUA
CITRULLUS LANATUS (THUNB.) MATSUMURA & NAKAI var. LANATUS
AMAL00006142 Washington 19 Oct 2013 Howard E. Horne
2429
AMAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
UNA00054308 Blount 11 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1193
UNA
Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.
JSU120762 Clay 18 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15693
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
AUA_ACC019103 Covington 20 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
746
AUA
CITRULLUS LANATUS (THUNB.) MATSUMURA & NAKAI var. LANATUS
AMAL00003713 Calhoun 15 Oct 2010 Dan Spaulding
13291
AMAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120767 Marshall 12 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2296
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
AUA_ACC060451 Pike 22 JUL 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10417
AUA
CITRULLUS LANATUS (THUNB.) MATSUMURA & NAKAI
TROY000034737 Calhoun 15 Oct 2010 Daniel D. Spaulding
13291
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
AMAL00015450 Butler 12 Oct 2007 A. R. Diamond
18550
AMAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120763 Etowah 26 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
2766
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120769 Randolph 7 Sep 1991 R. D. Whetstone
16137
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
TROY000018320 Dallas 09 Nov 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12565
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
JSU120765 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6984
JSU
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
AUA_ACC050680 Montgomery 7 OCT 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7771
AUA
CITRULLUS LANATUS (THUNB.) MATSUMURA & NAKAI
TROY000018321 Pike 04 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19712
TROY
Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura & Nakai
UWAL0007373 Crenshaw 18 Oct 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21061
UWAL
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai
UNA00027457 Mobile 9 Oct 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumura & Nakai
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