Melanthera nivea

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
Common Name:Snow Squarestem
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MENI3
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Melanthera
Species Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small - Snow Squarestem

Citation

Citation MELANTHERA NIVEA (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903.
Basionym: Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 47(55). 1732). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 184. 1973.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amellus asper Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 305. 1891.Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Amellus asper var. canescens Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. canescens Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891. PUERTO RICO/VIRGIN ISLANDS:
Amellus asper var. glabriusculus Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. glabriusculus Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891. PANAMA: Panama: Canal Zone, Colon, s.d., Kuntze s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 194. 1973.
Amellus asper var. normalis Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 305. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze 1891; Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Amellus lanceolatus Amellus lanceolatus (Bentham ex Oersted) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891.Melanthera lanceolata Bentham ex Oersted 1852. 
Amellus niveus Amellus niveus (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 305. 1891.Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Amellus oxylepis Amellus oxylepis (de Candolle) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 306. 1891.Melanthera oxylepis de Candolle 1836. 
Athanasia hastata Athanasia hastata Walter, Fl. Carol. 201. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Bidens nivea Bidens nivea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 833. 1753. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 47(55). 1732). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 184. 1973.
Calea aspera Calea aspera Jacquin, Collectanea 2: 290. 1788. Without data, Jacquin s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Elephantopus cuneifolius Elephantopus cuneifolius P. Fournier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 30: 186. 1883.  
Melananthera deltoidea Melananthera deltoidea Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 107. 1803, nom. illegit.Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melananthera hastata var. lobata Melananthera hastata Michaux, var. lobata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 519. 1814, nom. inadmiss.Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melananthera hastata var. pandurata Melananthera hastata Michaux, var. pandurata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 519. 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (holotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 46(54). 1732).
Melananthera linnaei Melananthera linnaei Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 4: 199. 1820, nom. illegit.Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melananthera hastata Melananthera hastata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 107. 1803, nom. illegit.Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthera amellus var. subhastata Melanthera amellus (Linnaeus) D'Arcy, var. subhastata (O. E. Schulz) D'Arcy, Phytologia 30: 6. 1975.Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, var. subhastata O. E. Schulz 1929. 
Melanthera amethystina Melanthera amethystina O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 127. 1911. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Without data, Tuerckheim 3199b (holotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Melanthera angustifolia Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 11: 54. 1850. CUBA: Isle of Pines: Without data, Sagra s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 198. 1973.
Melanthera angustifolia var. subhastata Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, var. subhastata O. E. Schulz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 109. 1929. CUBA: Isle of Pines: Nueva Gerona, at "Loma Vista", 25 Nov 1926, Ekman 12359 (holotype: ?; isotype: NY).
Melanthera aspera Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 174. 1909.Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melanthera aspera var. canescens Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, var. canescens (Kuntze) Thellung, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuchatel 5: 426. 1913.Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. canescens Kuntze 1891. 
Melanthera aspera var. glabriuscula Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, var. glabriuscula (Kuntze) J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 194. 1973.Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. glabriusculus Kuntze 1891. 
Melanthera aspera var. subhastata Melanthera aspera (Jacquin) Steudel ex Small, var. subhastata (O. E. Schulz) D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 62: 1119. 1976.Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard, var. subhastata O. E. Schulz 1929. 
Melanthera brevifolia Melanthera brevifolia O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 123. 1911. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Elliott Key, s.d., Curtiss 1415 (lectotype: US; isolectotypes: F, MISSA, NY, PH).
Melanthera buchii Melanthera buchii Urban, Symb. Antill. 3: 411. 1903. HAITI: Near Bilbaro, May, Buch 364 (holotype: ?).
Melanthera calcicola Melanthera calcicola Britton, in Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 6: 309. 1925. PUERTO RICO: E of Vega Alta, 25 Mar 1922, Britton et al. 6784 (holotype: NY).
Melanthera canescens Melanthera canescens (Kuntze) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 116. 1911.Amellus asper (Jacquin) Kuntze, var. canescens Kuntze 1891. 
Melanthera carpenteri Melanthera carpenteri Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903. LOUISIANA: West Feliciana Par.: Feliciana, s.d., Carpenter s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: NO).
Melanthera confusa Melanthera confusa Britton, in Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 6: 309. 1925.Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. cubensis O. E. Schulz 1911. 
Melanthera crenata Melanthera crenata O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 123. 1911. BAHAMAS: New Providence: Without locality, 9 Jan 1890, Northrop & Northrop 58 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 194. 1973.
Melanthera deltoidea Melanthera deltoidea Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251. 1903, nom. illegit.Melananthera deltoidea Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Melanthera hastata Melanthera hastata de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 545. 1836, nom. illegit.Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthera hastata subsp. cubensis Melanthera hastata de Candolle, subsp. cubensis (O. E. Schulz) Borhidi, Bot. Közlem. 58: 177. 1971.Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. cubensis O. E. Schulz 1911. 
Melanthera hastata subsp. lobata Melanthera hastata de Candolle, subsp. lobata Borhidi, Bot. Közlem. 58: 177. 1971, nom. inadmiss.Melanthera hastata de Candolle 1836, nom. illegit.; Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthera hastata var. cubensis Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. cubensis O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 125. 1911. CUBA: Near Havana, s.d., Wright 3608 (lectotype: NY; isolectotype: US). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Melanthera hastata var. parvifolia Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. parvifolia (Small) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 126. 1911.Melanthera parvifolia Small 1903. 
Melanthera hastata var. scaberrima Melanthera hastata de Candolle, var. scaberrima Bentham ex Oersted, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjoebenhavn 1852: 88. 1852. COSTA RICA: San Jose: San Jose, s.d., Oersted 126 (holotype: C?; isotype: US).
Melanthera hastifolia Melanthera hastifolia S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 29, f. 3. 1922. GUATEMALA: Izabal, Near Cristina, 22 May 1919, Blake 7601A (holotype: US; isotype: US).
Melanthera lanceolata Vidensk Melanthera lanceolata Bentham ex Oersted, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjoebenhavn 1852: 88. 1852.  
Melanthera ligulata Melanthera ligulata Small, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 3: 439. 1905. FLORIDA: Broward Co.: Below Fort Lauderdale, May 1904, Small & Wilson 1775 (holotype: NY).
Melanthera linearis Melanthera linearis S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 30, f. 4. 1922. GUATEMALA: Izabal: Cristina, 22 May 1919, Blake 7601 (holotype: US).
Melanthera lobata Melanthera lobata Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903. FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Vicinity of Eustis, 1-15 Jul 1894, Nash 1411 (holotype: NY; isotypes: GH, MICH, MO, UC, US).
Melanthera microphylla Melanthera microphylla Steetz, in Seemann, Bot. Voy. Herald 156. 1857. PANAMA: Without data, Seemann 254 (holotype: ?; isotype: US).
Melanthera molliuscula Melanthera molliuscula O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 121. 1911. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Without data, Tuerckheim 3199 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by J. C. Parks, Rhodora 75: 192. 1973.
Melanthera montana Melanthera montana O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 7: 121. 1911. PUERTO RICO: Near Bayamon, Mar, Sintenis 1145 (holotype: ?).
Melanthera oxycarpha Melanthera oxycarpha S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 628. 1924. MEXICO: Veracruz: Zacuapan, s.d., Purpus 2437 (holotype: US; isotypes: F, MO, UC).
Melanthera oxylepis Melanthera oxylepis de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 545. 1836. ECUADOR: Guayas: Guayaquil, s.d., Haenke s.n. (holotype: G-DC?; isotype: US fragm).
Melanthera panduriformis Melanthera panduriformis Cassini, in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 485. 1823.Melananthera hastata Michaux, var. pandurata Pursh 1814. 
Melanthera parvideps Melanthera parvideps S. F. Blake, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 22: 384. 1932. BELIZE: El Cayo: Little Mountain Pine Ridge, 1 Mar 1931, Bartlett 11892 (holotype: US; isotypes: F, UC).
Melanthera parvifolia Melanthera parvifolia Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1251, 1340. 1903. FLORIDA: Monroe Co.: Big Pine Key, s.d., Blodgett s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: GH).
Melanthera purpurascens Melanthera purpurascens S. F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 629. 1924. MEXICO: Chiapas: Near Ocuilapa, 21 Aug 1895, Nelson 2995 (holotype: US).
Melanthera radiata Melanthera radiata Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 173. 1909. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Near Camp Longview, 13-16 May 1904, Small & Wilson 1575 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Melanthera trilobata Melanthera trilobata Cassini, in Civier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 485. 1823, nom. illegit.Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthera urticifolia Melanthera urticifolia Cassini, in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 29: 485. 1823, nom. illegit.Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Wulffia angustifolia Wulffia angustifolia (A. Richard) M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 274. 1890.Melanthera angustifolia A. Richard 1850. 
Wulffia deltoidea Wulffia deltoidea M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Dicc. Bot. Nombres Vulg. 26. 1889.Melananthera deltoidea Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Calea aspera Jacquin 1788. 
Wulffia hastata Wulffia hastata M. Gómez de la Maza y Jiménez, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 274. 1890, nom. illegit.Melananthera hastata Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Bidens nivea Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Clarke, Conecuh, Coosa, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Franklin, Greene, Jackson, Lauderdale, Limestone, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Shelby, Tallapoosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0032786 Bibb 21 Sep 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9242
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0011120 Butler 21 Aug 2012 Webb, Wayne
s.n.
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00067119 Wilcox 7 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3834
UNA
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
JSU117571 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5746
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000005905 Escambia 23 JUL 1980 LARSEN, H. E.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
USAM000002583 Mobile 17 Aug 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8157
USAM
Melananthera hastata Michaux
JSU117574 Shelby 24 Sep 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10948
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000029664 Conecuh 08 Nov 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21113
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0031812 Conecuh 03 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25651
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0034622 Tallapoosa 13 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86857
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
JSU117570 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5746
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000005904 Escambia 23 JUL 1980 LARSEN, H. E.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
USAM000002582 Mobile 17 Aug 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8157
USAM
Melananthera hastata Michaux
JSU117573 Shelby 24 Sep 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10948
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UNA00048480 Dallas 13 Aug 1982 S. C. Gunn
1021
UNA
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
AUA000005903 Dallas 13 AUG 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1021
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
JSU117572 Lauderdale 4 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18333
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0001812 Wilcox 27 Jul 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21484
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
UWAL0034243 Limestone 26 Jul 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14316
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Smal
TROY000037484 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1070
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0030042 Morgan 06 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5725
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0000848 Conecuh 08 Nov 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21113
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
UWAL0033313 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6708
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000002545 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 C. Gil
2001-304
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000005906 Marengo 28 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
702-69
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
AUA000024962 Escambia 14 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3428
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
JSU117569 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5746
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000005898 Baldwin 22 SEP 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
37439
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
AUA000005900 Bibb 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
705
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
UWAL0037952 Mobile 19 Sep 1971 LeLong, Michel G.
6456
UWAL
Melananthera nivea (L.) Small
TROY000015852 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3834
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000033256 Limestone 26 Jul 2015 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
14316
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA
UNA00048482 Mobile 12 Oct 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
TROY000041185 Elmore 17 Aug 2011 Robert Pullen
216
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000005901 Conecuh 27 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8942
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
UWAL0009277 Greene 04 Nov 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6830
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
UWAL0000849 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3834
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
USAM000002580 Mobile 19 Sep 1971 Michel G. Lelong
6456
USAM
Melananthera hastata Michaux
USAM000002581 Baldwin 10 Oct 1977 Michel G. Lelong
9950
USAM
Melananthera hastata Michaux
UNA00048477 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
TROY000031997 Clarke 04 Aug 2010 Brian R. Keener
6138
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000005897 Autauga 18 AUG 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1080
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
JSU117568 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5746
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
JSU117567 Jackson 20 Aug 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1357
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0037944 Mobile 17 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8157
UWAL
Melananthera nivea (L.) Small
UWAL0016055 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1070
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
UWAL0034971 Dallas 19 Aug 2011 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
UNA00048479 Baldwin 22 Sep 1969 R. Kral
37439
UNA
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
SAMF0005556 Clarke 05 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4428
SAMF
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
JSU117566 Dallas 13 Aug 1982 S. C. Gunn
1021
JSU
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000035280 Butler 21 Aug 2012 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000031903 Wilcox 27 Jul 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21484
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
UWAL0031114 Coosa 05 Oct 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14200
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
UWAL0018926 Marion 01 Aug 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8544
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
TROY000045808 Wilcox 22 Sep 2014 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000044511 Morgan 06 Sep 2015 J. Kevin England
5725
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000032994 Escambia 13 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4840
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA
UWAL0015366 Wilcox 22 Sep 2014 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
UNA00048478 Montgomery 10 Jul 1880 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
AUA000005902 Conecuh 27 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2917
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
UWAL0001692 Clarke 04 Aug 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6138
UWAL
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
TROY000045630 Autauga 15 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
79
TROY
Melanthera nivea (Linnaeus) Small
AUA000005899 Barbour 10 JUL 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-304)
AUA
MELANTHERA NIVEA (L.) SMALL
UNA00048481 Autauga 18 Aug 1982 S. C. Gunn
1080
UNA
Melanthera nivea (L.) Small
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: