Liatris squarrosa

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
Common Name:Scaly Blazing Star; Scaly Gayfeather; Loose Scale Gayfeather
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LISQ
Plant Notes:Scaly Blazing Star is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It occurs throughout Alabama. Scaly Blazing Star can be found in Longleaf Pine forests, in mixed pine-oak forests, in prairies, on chalk or limestone outcrops, in scrub oak woods, around rock outcrops, and along roadsides and forest edges. It is a perennial from a globose corm. Each corm produces 1 or more upright stems 1-2 feet in height. The stems are green in color and pubescent with appressed hairs. Leaves are basal and cauline. The leaves are alternate, sessile, linear in outline, pubescent, and gland dotted. They have entire margins. The leaves are reduced in size gradually upwards along the stem. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are solitary or up to 20 in terminal spikes or racemes. The flower heads are subtended by 5-7 whorls of large, foliaceous, triangular to ovate phyllaries. The tips of the phyllaries are spreading to reflexed. They are green or purple in color. Each head has 20-60 pink-purple disc flowers. The fruit is an achene with a crown of plumose (feather-like) pappus. Scaly Blazing Star is highly variable, and several varieties have been described based on pubescence, presence or absence of peduncles, and shape and number of phyllaries. Scaly Blazing Star is available as seed or “bulbs” (corms) from some wildflower nurseries. It prefers a well-draining soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Liatris
Species Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux - Scaly Blazing Star; Scaly Gayfeather; Loose Scale Gayfeather

Citation

Citation LIATRIS SQUARROSA (Linnaeus) Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 92. 1803.
Basionym: Serratula squarrosa Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 695.13). Lectotypfied by Gaiser, Rhodora 48: 403. 1946.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lacinaria squarrosa Lacinaria squarrosa (Linnaeus) Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 49. 1762.Serratula squarrosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Liatris hirsutiflora Liatris hirsutiflora (Poiret) Kosteletzky, Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 2: 651. 1833.Vernonia hirsutiflora Poiret 1808. 
Liatris squarrosa var. floribunda Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. floribunda Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 68. 1841.  
Liatris squarrosa var. gracilenta Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. gracilenta Gaiser, Rhodora 48: 397. 1946. MISSISSIPPI: Jackson Co.: Ocean Springs, 11 Aug 1895, Skehan s.n. (holotype: GH).
Liatris squarrosa var. typica Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. typica Gaiser, Rhodora 48: 394. 1946.Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux 1803; Serratula squarrosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Liatris squarrosa var. alabamensis    
Pteronia caroliniana Pteronia caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 202. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Serratula squarrosa Serratula squarrosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 818. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 695.13). Lectotypfied by Gaiser, Rhodora 48: 403. 1946.
Vernonia hirsutiflora Vernonia hirsutiflora Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 8: 502. 1808. SOUTH CAROLINA:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000005647 St. Clair 26 JUL 1970 HOPSON, GEORGE R.
00122
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
UWAL0000793 Sumter 25 Jun 1998 White, James E.
B-159
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
JSU143052 Etowah 21 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3215
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0014136 Pike 30 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24407
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00048104 Hale 30 Jun 1966 Joab L. Thomas
848
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
AUA000005645 Pike 21 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3511
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
UNA00012852 Mobile _ Aug 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
AUA000005630 Bibb 17 JUL 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015951 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3176
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux var. squarrosa
USAM000002538 Mobile 27 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12195
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117445 Etowah 14 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3039
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
TROY000015854 Butler 13 Jul 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17772
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00012851 Lee _ Oct 1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
USAM000002540 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39758
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005644 Pike 10 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6258
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015942 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Robert Kral
67602
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005640 Lee 29 JUL 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
298
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
UWAL0011861 Washington 24 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7354
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117448 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4373
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
SAMF0005512 Chilton 17 Aug 1961 Thomas, Joab L.
672
SAMF
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00048107 Tuscaloosa 9 Aug 1957 L. F. Coffman
s.n.
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
USAM000002537 Mobile 10 Aug 1970 Vaughn D. Luster, Jr.
s.n.
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117436 Cherokee 16 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14577
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
TROY000002526 Russell 04 Aug 2001 Robert Kral
91762
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117449 Shelby 30 Jul 1997 D. Keener Morrow
059
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
USAM000002543 Mobile 27 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12195
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117443 Etowah 23 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
2729
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117440 Colbert 21 Jul 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18287
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0017367 Franklin 11 Jul 2009 England, J. Kevin
2093
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux var. squarrosa
UNA00048108 Cherokee 10 Aug 1973 R. Kral
51092
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
TROY000043911 Henry 14 Jul 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27548
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0043303 Baldwin 28 Jul 2001 Larsen, H.S.
840
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa Michx.
UNA00048106 Greene 2 Jul 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2293
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
AUA000005637 Conecuh 15 SEP 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9388
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
AUA000005651 Colbert 9 AUG 1947 HENRY, MARY G.
4779
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX. var. ALABAMENSIS (ALEXANDER) GAISER
UWAL0000791 Lowndes 06 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4716
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
UWAL0000795 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3003
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
UNA00067086 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3738
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
AUA000005639 Elmore 7 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
185
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015949 Hale 04 Jun 2006 Brian R. Keener
2941
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
USAM000002536 Baldwin 23 Aug 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8620
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00066920 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3176
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
UWAL0018856 Monroe 03 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86356
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
UNA00012850 Tuscaloosa 31 Jul 1876 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
USAM000002542 Mobile 30 Jun 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3327
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005632 Bibb 23 JUL 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
218
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015952 Sumter 23 Jul 2003 Robert Kral
94254
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00048100 Autauga 14 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
928
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
UWAL0017783 Washington 30 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78270
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa Michx.
AUA000005649 Tallapoosa 16 JUL 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
408
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
UWAL0016901 Clay 24 Jul 2014 Davenport, L.J.
5653
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michaux
UNA00048103 Sumter 31 Jul 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1758
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
AUA000005638 Dale 21 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7609
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
JSU117441 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3508
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
USAM000002541 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7894
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
TROY000015948 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3738
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117434 Calhoun 5 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1311
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
USAM000002539 Mobile 27 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12195
USAM
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117444 Etowah 20 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3091
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
SAMF0005513 Clay 24 Jul 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5653
SAMF
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00057766 Bibb 19 Jul 1992 James R. Allison
6892
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
UWAL0000788 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Kral, R.
67602
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
AUA000005633 Bullock 11 AUG 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14079
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
UWAL0039336 Henry 14 Jul 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27548
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
TROY000028109 Covington 20 Jul 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20814
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117442 Elmore 30 Jul 1978 R. Kral
62335
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0014044 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1689
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117435 Cherokee 5 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
608
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0000789 Etowah 01 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4805
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
AUA000005643 Macon 5 OCT 1973 SUTHERLAND, M.
23
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
AUA000005634 Butler 20 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
767
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015950 Sumter 01 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2218
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005641 Lee 13 AUG 1967 HAMILTON, JAMES H.
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
UWAL0000787 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19665
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
TROY000038118 Bullock 23 Aug 2013 Bailee Dykes
1689
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0000794 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3176
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
JSU117446 Lawrence 3 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18295
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0031439 Colbert 03 Jul 2010 England, J. Kevin
2594
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00048099 Washington 5 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8145
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
UWAL0030133 Franklin 10 Oct 2013 England, J. Kevin
4625
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa Michaux
JSU139901 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9448
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU117438 Chilton 22 Jul 1982 R. David Whetstone
11722
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
TROY000002524 Bullock 11 Aug 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14079
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
TROY000039851 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24523
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005636 Cherokee 10 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51092
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015953 Sumter 30 Jul 1980 Larry Dalrymple
13
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005629 Baldwin 25 JUL 1969 MCVAY, D. A.
84
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000002523 Baldwin 09 Aug 1927 Wolfgang Wolf
s.n.
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005652 Autauga 18 AUG 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1100
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX. var. SQUARROSA
TROY000002525 Lowndes 27 Jul 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14052
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005635 Butler 26 JUL 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
JSU117432 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11631
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0018239 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5144
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa Michaux
UNA00048102 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39758
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
TROY000042788 Barbour 23 Aug 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26759
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNAF0001813 Lawrence 01 Aug 2008 Webb, David H.
6779
UNAF
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux var. squarrosa
JSU117450 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39758
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0000792 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3738
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
AUA000005648 Sumter 30 JUL 1980 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
13
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
JSU117447 Perry 16 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3180
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
TROY000002528 Covington 03 Aug 2003 Robert Kral
94333
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005650 Wilcox 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1119
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
UWAL0014443 Colbert 26 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4986
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005653 Jackson 22 AUG 1991 GUNN, SCOTT C.
2061
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX. var. SQUARROSA
TROY000002530 Lowndes 27 Jul 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14053
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005631 Bibb 10 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
318
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
JSU117437 Cherokee 22 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5031
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0030264 Barbour 23 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26759
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00060759 Russell 4 Aug 2001 R. Kral
91762
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
UWAL0030146 Marengo 07 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4360
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00048105 Chilton 17 Aug 1961 Joab L. Thomas
672
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
JSU117433 Calhoun 26 Jul 1991 R. L. Naugher
300
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000005642 Lee 28 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
151
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
JSU117439 Clay 5 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
611
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0000790 Hale 04 Jun 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2941
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
UNA00064985 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3003
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
AUA000005646 Russell 29 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
402
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000016626 Etowah 01 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4805
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000024971 Covington 15 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3503
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015853 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19665
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
UNA00058152 Sumter 1 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2218
UNA
Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx. var. squarrosa
UWAL0013648 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24523
UWAL
Liatris squarrosa (linnaeus) Michaux
JSU136723 Autauga 14 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
928
JSU
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
AUA000027012 Baldwin 13 AUG 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-461
AUA
LIATRIS SQUARROSA (L.) MICHX.
TROY000015855 Conecuh 21 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67842
TROY
Liatris squarrosa (Linnaeus) Michaux
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