Liatris aspera

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Liatris aspera Michaux
Common Name:Rough Blazing Star; Tall Gayfeather
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LIAS
Plant Notes:Rough Blazing Star is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found in central and northern Alabama. Rough Blazing Star occurs in prairies, on limestone outcrops, in oak-pine woodlands, along fence rows, and on roadsides. It is a perennial from a globose corm. Stems are 2-4 feet in height, unbranched, green or reddish in color, and pubescent with short stiff hairs. The leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are larger than the stem leaves and may be withered before flowering. The leaves are petiolate, alternate, oblanceolate to elliptic or spatulate in outline, gland dotted, and pubescent to glabrous. The leaves are reduced in size upwards on the stem. The flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in spike-like arrays. The heads are on short peduncles. The phyllaries are obovate with lacerate margins. The phyllaries are bullate (swollen with a blistered appearance) and usually have a pinkish color with a white or translucent rounded margin. Each head has 18-24 purple disc flowers. The heads flower from the top of the inflorescence towards the base. The fruit is an achene with barbellate pappus. Rough Blazing Star is available as plants or seed from some wildflower nurseries. In prefers a well-draining soil in full sun. Plants may have to be staked to prevent them from falling over.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Liatris
Species Liatris aspera Michaux - Rough Blazing Star; Tall Gayfeather

Citation

Citation LIATRIS ASPERA Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 92. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: ILLINOIS

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lacinaria scariosa var. aspera Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. aspera (Michaux) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 15; 188. 1913.Liatris aspera Michaux 1803. 
Lacinaria scariosa var. intermedia Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. intermedia Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 173, 177. 1912. INDIANA: Porter Co.: N of Mineral Springs, 14 Aug 1911, Deam 9620 (holotype: MIN).
Lacinaria scariosa var. media Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. media Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 264. 1912, nom. illegit.Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. intermedia Lunell 1912. 
Lacinaria scariosa var. obesa Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. obesa Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 160. 1912. MINNESOTA: Todd Co.: Staples, 9 Aug 1911, Chardonnet 1 (holotype: MIN).
Lacinaria scariosa var. petiolata Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. petiolata Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 172, 176. 1912. INDIANA: Steuben Co.: E side of Clear Lake, 11 Sep 1904, Deam s.n. (holotype: MIN).
Lacinaria scariosa var. porrecta Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. porrecta Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 160. 1912. MINNESOTA: Todd Co.: Staples, 9 Aug 1911, Chardonnet 4 (holotype: MIN).
Lacinaria scariosa var. salutans Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. salutans Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 171, 176. 1912. TEXAS: Harris Co.: Near Houston, 22 Sep 1903, Biltmore Herb. 2670j (holotype: IND; isotype: US).
Lacinaria scariosa var. strictissima Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. strictissima Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 172, 177. 1912. ILLINOIS: Peoria Co.: Peoria, Aug 1904, Macdonald s.n. (holotype: MIN).
Lacinaria scariosa var. virgata Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. virgata Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2; 172, 177. 1912. ILLINOIDS: Johnson Co.: Without locality, 3 Sep 1895, Fitzpatrick s.n. (holotype: IND).
Lacinaria aspera Lacinaria aspera (Michaux) Greene, Pittonia 4: 318. 1901.Liatris aspera Michaux 1803. 
Lacinaria aspera var. spheroidea    
Liatris aspera var. salutans Liatris aspera Michaux, var. salutans (Lunell) Shinners, Spring Fl. Dallas 410. 1958.Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. salutans Lunell 1912. 
Liatris aspera var. typica Liatris aspera Michaux, var. typica Gaiser, Rhodora 48: 302. 1946, nom. inadmiss.Liatris aspera Michaux 1803. 
Liatris sphaeroidea var. salutans Liatris sphaeroidea Michaux, var. salutans (Lunell) Shinners, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 29: 37. 1943.Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. salutans Lunell 1912. 
Liatris aspera var. intermedia Liatris aspera Michaux, var. intermedia (Lunell) Gaiser, Rhodora 48: 305. 1946.Lacinaria scariosa (Linnaeus) Hill, var. aspera Lunell 1912. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Butler, Cherokee, Cleburne, Colbert, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Lawrence, Montgomery, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00066959 Sumter 24 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3263
UNA
Liatris aspera Michx. var. intermedia (Lunell) Gaiser
JSU139916 Cherokee 01 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12662
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
TROY000002450 Russell 04 Aug 2001 Robert Kral
91763
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux
JSU139767 Cherokee 22 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9257
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
UNA00066868 Sumter 27 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3093
UNA
Liatris aspera Michx.
TROY000035527 Montgomery 07 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23297
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux
JSU139907 Cherokee 01 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12662a
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
UWAL0030136 Franklin 12 Sep 2009 England, J. Kevin
2191
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michaux
AUA000005354 Crenshaw 7 SEP 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7101
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
TROY000015548 Sumter 27 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3093
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux
JSU116718 Franklin 17 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3779
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
TROY000015547 Sumter 24 Aug 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
12038
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux var. intermedia (Lunell) Gaiser
AUA000005355 DeKalb 11 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51167
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
UWAL0011523 Montgomery 07 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23297
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michaux
UNA00048118 Cherokee 10 Aug 1973 R. Kral
51088
UNA
Liatris aspera Michx.
UWAL0032238 St. Clair 07 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4818
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michaux
JSU116720 Franklin 17 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3779
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
UWAL0000769 Lawrence 25 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1449
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michx.
AUA000025221 Sumter 3 OCT 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6192
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
UNA00064052 Cherokee 1 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12662
UNA
Liatris aspera Michx.
JSU116719 Franklin 17 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3779
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
UNA00048120 Sumter 9 Sep 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1166
UNA
Liatris aspera Michx. var. salutans (Lunell) Shinners
TROY000002451 Russell 04 Aug 2001 Robert Kral
91763
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux
UWAL0018756 Cherokee 10 Sep 1989 Kral, R.
77093
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michx.
UNA00048119 Barbour 26 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
6000
UNA
Liatris aspera Michx.
USAM000002511 Colbert 27 Apr 1969 Robert Kral
36379
USAM
Liatris aspera Michaux
TROY000021192 Lawrence 25 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1449
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux
AUA000005352 Butler 20 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
761
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
JSU116717 Etowah 3 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3485
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
AUA000005655 Autauga 14 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
931
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
TROY000015346 Butler 16 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17901
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux
JSU116716 Etowah 25 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3921
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
JSU116715 Cleburne 25 Aug 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10258
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
AUA000005357 Wilcox 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1121
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
JSU116714 Cherokee 1 Oct 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6640
JSU
Liatris aspera Michaux
UWAL0031196 Etowah 24 Sep 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14165
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michx.
UWAL0001584 Sumter 03 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6192
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michx.
UNA00063052 Sumter 24 Aug 2003 D. D. Spaulding
12038
UNA
Liatris aspera Michx. var. intermedia (Lunell) Gaiser
AUA000005356 Sumter 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
935
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
UWAL0000770 Sumter 27 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3093
UWAL
Liatris aspera Michx.
TROY000031817 Sumter 03 Oct 2010 Brian R. Keener
6192
TROY
Liatris aspera Michaux
AUA000005654 Autauga 18 AUG 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1099
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
AUA000005353 Cleburne 14 JUL 1946 HENRY, MARY G.
4462
AUA
LIATRIS ASPERA MICHAUX
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