Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Helianthus debilis Nuttall ssp. cucumerifolius (Torrey & A. Gray) Heiser
Common Name:Cucumber Leaf Sunflower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HEDEC2
Plant Notes:Beach Sunflower is a native annual in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. Beach Sunflower occurs on beaches, in sand hills, around the edges of fields, on roadsides, and along railroad tracks. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are erect to sprawling, 2-5 feet in height, green in color, pubescent, and freely branched from the lower and middle nodes. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, ovate to deltoid in outline, glabrous to pubescent, and with irregularly toothed margins. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are solitary and axillary from the upper nodes on long peduncles, 9-15 inches in length. Each head has 20-30 lanceolate phyllaries, 11-20 yellow ray flowers, and 30-80 reddish disc flowers. The fruit is an achene. Beach Sunflower is available as seed from some wildflower nurseries. Several cultivars are available. Beach Sunflower prefers a sandy soil in full sun. Once established it is drought and salt tolerant, and thrives in nutrient poor soils. The fruit of Beach Sunflower are consumed by a wide variety of birds and small mammals.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Helianthus
Species Helianthus debilis Nuttall ssp. cucumerifolius (Torrey & A. Gray) Heiser - Cucumber Leaf Sunflower

Citation

Citation HELIANTHUS DEBILIS Nuttall, subsp. CUCUMERIFOLIUS (Torrey & A. Gray) Heiser, Madroño 13: 160. 1956.
Basionym: Helianthus cucumerifolius Torrey & A. Gray 1842.
Type: TEXAS: Without data, Drummond 171 (holotype: NY).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Helianthus debilis subsp. tardiflorus Helianthus debilis Nuttall, subsp. tardiflorus Heiser, Madroño 13: 156. 1956. FLORIDA: Sarasota Co.: Sarasota Key, s.d., Curtiss 1455 (holotype: MO).
Helianthus debilis var. cucumerifolius Helianthus debilis Nuttall, var. cucumerifolius (Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 273. 1884.Helianthus cucumerifolius Torrey & A. Gray 1842. 
Helianthus debilis var. tardiflorus Helianthus debilis Nuttall, var. tardiflorus (Heiser) Cronquist, Brittonia 29: 223. 1977.Helianthus debilis Nuttall, subsp. tardiflorus Heiser 1956. 
Helianthus cucumerifolius    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00013735 Pike 26 May 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12438
AMAL
Helianthus debilis Nutt. Ssp. cucumerifolius (Torr. & Gray) Heiser
AUA000004485 Houston 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
527
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT. ssp. CUCUMERIFOLIUS (TORR. & GRAY) HEISER
AUA000004487 Pike 13 SEP 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9387
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT. ssp. CUCUMERIFOLIUS (TORR. & GRAY) HEISER
AMAL00004038 Mobile 14 Jul 2009 T. Wayne Barger
SP#128
AMAL
Helianthus debilis Nutt. Ssp. cucumerifolius (Torr. & Gray) Heiser
AUA000004486 Lee 12 AUG 1969 REBOIS, R. V.
177
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT. ssp. CUCUMERIFOLIUS (TORR. & GRAY) HEISER
AUA000004483 Dale 16 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7691
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT.
AMAL00003059 Dale 08 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11575
AMAL
Helianthus debilis Nutt. Ssp. cucumerifolius (Torr. & Gray) Heiser
AUA000004489 Pike 24 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
376-69
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT. ssp. CUCUMERIFOLIUS (TORR. & GRAY) HEISER
UWAL0016410 Geneva 03 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25272
UWAL
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
UWAL0015028 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1678
UWAL
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
UWAL0000716 Montgomery 08 Jun 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19414
UWAL
Helianthus debilis Nutt.
AUA000024471 Pike 26 MAY 2006 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12438
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT. ssp. CUCUMERIFOLIUS (TORR. & GRAY) HEISER
UWAL0016396 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25236
UWAL
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
AUA000004488 Pike 23 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT. ssp. CUCUMERIFOLIUS (TORR. & GRAY) HEISER
TROY000039687 Geneva 03 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25272
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
UWAL0000717 Pike 26 May 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12438
UWAL
Helianthus debilis Nutt. ssp. cucumerifolius (Torr. & Gray) Heiser
TROY000031605 Dale 04 Jun 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21366
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
TROY000037252 Dallas 27 Jun 2013 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
TROY000002252 Dale 18 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
644
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
AUA000004482 Crenshaw 20 AUG 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10468
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT.
TROY000002249 Coffee 31 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12581
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
TROY000015238 Pike 26 May 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12438
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall ssp. cucumerifolius (Torrey & Gray) Heiser
TROY000037588 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Bailee Dykes
1678
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
TROY000002248 Butler 06 Nov 2000 Kris Findley
4784
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
UWAL0002068 Dale 04 Jun 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21366
UWAL
Helianthus debilis Nutt.
TROY000002255 Pike 21 Sep 1999 Connie Adams
3
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
UWAL0014151 Dallas 27 Jun 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
TROY000015239 Montgomery 08 Jun 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19414
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
TROY000044578 Geneva 05 Jul 2017 Cameron Byrd
1321
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nutt. subsp. cucumerifolius (Torrey & A. Gray) Heiser
TROY000040708 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25236
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
TROY000002254 Pike 18 May 1995 Buffy Ashton
7
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
UNA00047017 Mobile 14 May 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Helianthus debilis Nutt.
TROY000002253 Pike 06 Nov 2000 Robert Precise
6
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
AUA000004484 Henry 17 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5254
AUA
HELIANTHUS DEBILIS NUTT.
TROY000002251 Dale 28 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13425
TROY
Helianthus debilis Nuttall
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