Helianthus atrorubens

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
Common Name:Purple Disk Sunflower; Appalachian Sunflower; Dark Eye Sunflower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HEAT
Plant Notes:Purple Disk Sunflower is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It occurs in the northern two thirds of Alabama. Purple Disk Sunflower grows in prairies, in open pine woodlands, on roadside banks, and on rocky slopes. Purple Disk Sunflower is a perennial with a short rhizome. It has reddish purple stems up to three feet in height from a basal rosette of leaves. The stems are villous (covered in soft shaggy hairs) towards the base and become less hairy towards the top. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves form a rosette. Basal leaves are petiolate (with winged petioles), ovate to lanceolate in outline, with crenate or serrate margins. The leaves are pubescent and rough to the touch on both surfaces. A few pairs of opposite, much reduced leaves are located on the stems. The stems may branch near the top. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads have 10-15 yellow ray flowers that are relatively long and narrow for a sunflower. The disc flowers are reddish brown. The fruit is an achene. Purple Disk Sunflower flowers in the late summer and autumn. It is sometimes available through wildflower nurseries, or it can be grown from seed. Purple Disk Sunflower prefers full or partial sun and a clay soil. Once established, it is drought tolerant. Purple Disk Sunflower can be planted at the back and edges of perennial beds, and works well in meadows or on banks that are hard to mow.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Helianthus
Species Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus - Purple Disk Sunflower; Appalachian Sunflower; Dark Eye Sunflower

Citation

Citation HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 906. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 94(110). 1732). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 48: 75. 1946.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Helianthus atrorubens var. normalis Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 343. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus 1753. 
Helianthus sparsifolius Helianthus sparsifolius Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 415. 1823. GEORGIA
Helianthus atrorubens var. alsodes Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus, var. alsodes Fernald, Rhodora 48: 74, t. 1020. 1946. VIRGINIA: Princess Anne Co.: Virginia Beach, 10 Sep 1935, Fernald et al. 5127 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Coosa, Crenshaw, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Madison, Marshall, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2014 - 2014

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU114203 Marshall 27 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
1018
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00015152 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12779
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AMAL00018056 Cleburne 17 Sep 2005 R. Kral
96808
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
TROY000002247 Crenshaw 26 Sep 1999 Alvin R. Diamond
11607
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004477 Lee 25 SEP 1985 DALRYMPLE, LARRY W.
301
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
JSU114182 Calhoun 29 Oct 1996 S. E. Hruska
1509
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UWAL0017123 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5146
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114195 Jackson 20 Aug 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1295
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00010000 Calhoun 04 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
850
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AUA000004468 Cleburne 11 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1525
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UNA00061295 Calhoun 27 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11777
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AUA000004555 Autauga 27 SEP 1975 WILLIS, STEPHEN F.
004
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0032781 Etowah 12 Sep 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9213
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004473 Coosa 2 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1066
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
AUA000004467 Chilton 1 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8847
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
JSU114202 Marshall 4 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2810
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00017255 Winston 03 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1319
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AMAL00003055 Madison 19 Sep 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
934
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0000705 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20095
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
JSU114189 Cleburne 7 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
457
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UWAL0035971 Blount 14 Sep 2013 Anderson, Kelly
0518
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
JSU114196 Jackson 20 Aug 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1295
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
TROY000035648 Montgomery 26 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23439
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
TROY000028450 Cleburne 17 Sep 2005 Robert Kral
96808
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004479 Montgomery 17 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6389
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0000709 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12779
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0032782 Jefferson 13 Sep 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9219
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114201 Madison 22 Sep 1995 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004470 Coosa 2 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1100
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0033364 Walker 15 Oct 2016 England, J. Kevin
6932
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114186 Clay 23 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
523
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00019387 Calhoun 22 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
3396
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
TROY000035635 Macon 03 Oct 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23471
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
SAMF0006558 Jefferson 25 Sep 2014 Davenport, L.J.
5685
SAMF
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004478 Lee 12 NOV 1971 HARPER, DOUGLAS
183
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
TROY000015743 Jackson 19 Sep 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12181
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00010901 Randolph 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4299
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UNA00047007 DeKalb 5 Sep 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0014272 Lawrence 07 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7613
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114207 Shelby 4 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1395
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
TROY000028704 Winston 03 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1319
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114204 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4299
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114183 Cherokee 7 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15629
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UNA00059900 Cleburne 15 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11619
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AUA000004481 Shelby 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
654
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
JSU114208 Winston 17 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6369
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UWAL0033478 Winston 22 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4596
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00003054 Cleburne 15 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11619
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AMAL00003090 Tuscaloosa 20 Sep 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1224
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
JSU139756 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9327
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
TROY000029141 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12779
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114199 Jefferson 7 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1081
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00010932 Randolph 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4299
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AUA000004475 Coosa 10 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1398
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0033418 Cullman 05 Sep 2016 England, J. Kevin
6826
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114194 Etowah 3 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3452
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UNA00053584 Tuscaloosa 20 Sep 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1224
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0000706 Cleburne 17 Sep 2005 Kral, R.
96808
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UNA00047004 Clay 20 Aug 1886 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0016246 Coosa 11 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24636
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114198 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10045
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114192 DeKalb 23 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2702
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00011774 Jackson 19 Sep 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12181
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AMAL00018055 Cleburne 17 Sep 2005 R. Kral
96808
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
TROY000043057 Lawrence 07 Oct 2012 Brian R. Keener
7613
TROY
Helianthus atroruben L.
UWAL0017122 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5146
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114197 Jackson 20 Aug 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1295
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00009999 Calhoun 04 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
850
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AUA000004469 Cleburne 11 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1487
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
JSU114191 Cleburne 27 Sep 1984 P. L. Smith
s.n.
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000024425 Jackson 19 SEP 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12181
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0000707 Cleburne 17 Sep 2005 Kral, R.
96808
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UNA00053663 Tuscaloosa 7 Oct 1987 Frederick C. Gabrielson
s.n.
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
JSU114185 Clay 14 Sep 1997 J. M. Ballard
7795
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00021845 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 J. Kevin England
5146
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00003056 Madison 19 Sep 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
934
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0014953 Montgomery 26 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23439
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UWAL0000710 Winston 03 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1319
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
TROY000035678 Crenshaw 16 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23357
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UWAL0033990 Clay 10 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9865
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00003053 Blount 19 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1676
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UNA00047003 DeKalb 11 Sep 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0011513 Macon 03 Oct 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23471
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004476 Crenshaw 24 OCT 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7175
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0019051 Franklin 28 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5210
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114188 Clay 5 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12135
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
TROY000015237 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20095
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
TROY000037291 St. Clair 09 Sep 2007 Brian R. Keener
3844
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004471 Coosa 2 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1124
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0000708 St. Clair 28 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4909
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
JSU114184 Clay 19 Oct 1996 J. M. Ballard
6996
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00021846 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 J. Kevin England
5146
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU145747 Calhoun 11 Sep 1992 F. Hutchinson
978
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
SAMF0006557 Cherokee 22 Sep 2009 Davenport, L.J.
4050
SAMF
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UNA00054482 Blount 19 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1676
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
TROY000015744 Cleburne 15 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11619
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00010899 Randolph 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4299
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UNA00047006 Cullman 18 Aug 1886 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UWAL0010499 St. Clair 07 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3897
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
JSU114206 Shelby 4 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1395
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AUA000004480 Pike 28 SEP 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9404
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0033373 Lawrence 02 Oct 2016 England, J. Kevin
6893
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114187 Clay 5 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12135
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UNA00047005 Tuscaloosa 18 Sep 1980 Charlotte Gyllenhaal-Davis
32
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AUA000004472 Coosa 3 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1229
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0032909 Colbert 16 Sep 2016 England, J. Kevin
6846
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114190 Cleburne 28 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
573
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00019412 Calhoun 22 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
3396
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
UNA00069002 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 T. Wayne Barger
289
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
TROY000044023 Franklin 28 Sep 2014 J. Kevin England
5210
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114200 Jefferson 7 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1081
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
AMAL00010924 Randolph 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4299
AMAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
AUA000004474 Coosa 10 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1378
AUA
HELIANTHUS ATRORUBENS L.
UWAL0010504 St. Clair 09 Sep 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3844
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens L.
JSU114193 Etowah 15 Oct 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4426
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UWAL0012484 Crenshaw 16 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23357
UWAL
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
JSU114205 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4299
JSU
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
TROY000038955 Coosa 11 Oct 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24636
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
UNA00065452 Jackson 19 Sep 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12181
UNA
Helianthus atrorubens L.
TROY000033192 St. Clair 28 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4909
TROY
Helianthus atrorubens Linnaeus
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