Anchistea virginica

Family:BLECHNACEAE
Species:Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
Common Name:Virginia Chain Fern; Southern Chain Fern; Giant Chain Fern
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBLECHNACEAE - Chain Fern family
Genus Anchistea
Species Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith - Virginia Chain Fern; Southern Chain Fern; Giant Chain Fern

Citation

Citation ANCHISTEA VIRGINICA (Linnaeus) C. Presl, Epimel. Bot. 71. 1851 ("1849").
Basionym: Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus 1771.
Type: VIRGINIA: Princess Anne Co.: Emmerson, 26 Jun 1922, Randolph & Randolph 330 (neotype: BM; isoneotype: BH). Neotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 978. 2009.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Blechnum carolinianum Blechnum carolinianum Walter, Fl. Carol. 257. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA
Blechnum virginicum Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 307. 1771. VIRGINIA: Princess Anne Co.: Emmerson, 26 Jun 1922, Randolph & Randolph 330 (neotype: BM; isoneotype: BH). Neotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 978. 2009.
Doodia virginica Doodia virginica (Linnaeus) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 99. 1836.Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus 1771. 
Lorinseria thelypteroides Lorinseria thelypteroides (Pursh) C. Presl, Epimel. Bot. 72. 1851 ("1849").: Woodwardia thelypteroides Pursh 1814. 
Woodwardia banisteriana Woodwardia banisteriana Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 263. 1803.  
Woodwardia thelypteroides Woodwardia thelypteroides Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 670. 1814.SOUTH CAROLINA: Near Charleston, 
Woodwaria virginica Woodwaria virginica (Linnaeus) Smith, Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Turin 5: 412. 1793.Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus 1771. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Henry, Houston, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU106661 Calhoun 04 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6156
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053063 Baldwin 1 Nov 1980 David L. Lentz
161
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC064876 Geneva 8 NOV 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14880
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032787 Baldwin 2 JUN 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
605
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
UNA00053048 Sumter 18 Jul 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053079 Greene 9 May 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053076 Baldwin 8 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
USAM000000021 Baldwin 12 Aug 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3758
USAM
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
TROY000041914 Montgomery 14 Sep 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25510
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
TROY000014748 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20221
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
JSU106663 Etowah 07 May 1995 L. M. Hodge
4238
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053062 Washington 8 Sep 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
126
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053069 Macon 23 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00019823 Covington 21 Oct 1982 John W. Short
1295
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
USAM000000020 Covington 8 Jun 1969 R. Kral
35169
USAM
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
UNA00062922 Covington 27 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14528
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC055009 Crenshaw 31 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9755
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032781 Escambia 16 SEP 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
829
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
TROY000013216 Calhoun 20 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11421
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053059 Mobile 9 May 1953 H. Boschung
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053082 Tuscaloosa 9 Apr 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053078 Baldwin 30 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC064767 Mobile 17 OCT 1973 TAYLOR, JOHN
15271
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
TROY000000076 Covington 27 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14528
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
TROY000000072 Bullock 13 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13559
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0001184 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3253
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00053073 Barbour 24 Jun 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
1246
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053087 Geneva 22 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00019808 Baldwin 04 Aug 1982 John W. Short
1268
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0030550 Covington 26 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78106
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
TROY000000077 Geneva 13 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
62973
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
JSU106665 Mobile 28 Mar 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3414
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AMAL00011062 Geneva 13 Oct 1978 R. Kral
62973
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC032785 Clarke 1 JUN 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
581
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032784 Covington 2 NOV 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
620
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
UNA00053046 St. Clair 2 Jun 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053089 Baldwin 25 Nov 1962 Jackie Edwards
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00016326 Geneva 08 Nov 2004 A.R. Diamond
14880
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA000038000 Covington 05 May 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5560
AUA
ANCHISTEA VIRGINICA (L.) C. PRESL
TROY000030785 Crenshaw 15 Sep 1976 Jack W. Short
802
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0001630 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2547
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
TROY000032979 Baldwin 09 Sep 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21561
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC072826 Baldwin 13 AUG 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-475
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC019666 Autauga 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
810
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
UNA00053086 Mobile 25 Aug 1954 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000080 Pike 22 May 1977 D. H. Stanford
s.n.
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
TROY000035267 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
897
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053090 Mobile _ Aug 1872 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC054520 Crenshaw 5 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9219
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032808 Mobile 2 JUN 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
595
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
UWAL0017657 Montgomery 14 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25510
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00064361 Geneva 8 Nov 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14880
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053047 Chilton 16 Oct 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053083 Pickens 9 Apr 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053051 Baldwin 8 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000013261 Pike 16 May 1977 Mills
s.n.
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC007338 Russell 13 AUG 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
32
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
TROY000000074 Butler 13 Sep 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11415
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053061 Washington 8 Sep 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
124
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053068 Covington 22 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00019916 Covington 16 Jul 1980 John W. Short
1218
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
JSU106420 Butler 30 Aug 1970 R. Kral
40868
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC063825 Covington 27 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14528
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032783 Crenshaw 15 SEP 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
802
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032786 Choctaw 8 MAY 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
499
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
UNA00053071 DeKalb 16 Jul 1980 Alan Cressler
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA000037674 Baldwin 04 Aug 1982 SHORT, JOHN W.
1268
AUA
ANCHISTEA VIRGINICA (L.) C. PRESL
UNA00053080 Dale 5 Apr 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053077 Autauga 28 May 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00007534 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
7992
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00020419 Calhoun 04 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6156
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
TROY000000070 Baldwin 11 Nov 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14888
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0019743 Houston 14 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86887
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00053066 Wilcox 20 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053088 Mobile 28 Jun 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D949
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
JSU106664 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14221
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0044047 Baldwin 07 Apr 2004 Graves, A.
1451
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC046804 Conecuh 28 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3559
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC035690 Covington 16 JUL 1980 SHORT, JOHN W.
1218
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032789 Washington 8 MAY 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
504
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
UNA00053072 DeKalb 16 Jul 1980 Alan Cressler
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053265 Dale 5 Apr 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053050 Baldwin 30 Aug 1953 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000079 Geneva 20 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11871
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AMAL00005333 Calhoun 20 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11421
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000073 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14133
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0002856 Baldwin 09 Sep 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21561
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00045715 Houston 21 May 1992 John R. MacDonald
4615
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053085 Henry 21 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00009553 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 J. Kevin England
2547
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC055236 Pike 15 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9675
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
TROY000000071 Barbour 11 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
62875
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
SAMF0006238 Mobile 06 Aug 1953 White, J. S.
s.n.
SAMF
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) C. Presl
AUA_ACC031908 Elmore 15 AUG 1974 SHORT, JOHN W.
221
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032807 Perry 29 AUG 1975 SHORT, JOHN W.
410
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
UWAL0011410 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0897
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00053260 Houston 5 Apr 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053075 Baldwin 3 May 1958 Jackie Edwards
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00014418 Butler 30 Sep 2007 A.R. Diamond
18438
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00005334 Houston 05 Apr 1953 Charles O'Kelley
s.n.
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
TROY000042558 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26671
TROY
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
TROY000000078 Geneva 08 Nov 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14880
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
TROY000013262 Butler 30 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18438
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0001183 Butler 30 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18438
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00053259 Baldwin 13 Sep 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053060 Mobile 10 Sep 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D252
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
JSU106418 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18416
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00059601 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
7992
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00011621 Barbour 11 Oct 1978 R. Kral
62875
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC032782 Dallas 1 JUN 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
575
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
AUA_ACC032809 Escambia 2 JUN 1976 SHORT, JOHN W.
617
AUA
WOODWARDIA VIRGINICA (L.) SMITH
JSU106419 Baldwin 11 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4316
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053049 Marengo 18 Jul 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053074 Baldwin 25 Nov 1960 Jackie Edwards
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00005332 Bullock 13 Aug 2002 A. R. Diamond
13559
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA000040472 Covington 01 Jun 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5615
AUA
ANCHISTEA VIRGINICA (L.) C. PRESL
TROY000032052 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 J. Kevin England
2547
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0018999 Geneva 21 Jul 1991 Kral, R.
79392
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
JSU106662 Cherokee 05 Aug 1995 L. M. Hodge-Spaulding
s.n.
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
TROY000033443 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Bailee Dykes
94
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053070 Macon 23 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000075 Coffee 04 Sep 2000 Brian H. Martin
919
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
JSU142321 Dallas 24 Aug 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-595
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0019827 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26671
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
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