Bidens laevis

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
Common Name:Smooth Beggarticks; Showy Bur Marigold
Habitat:Marshes, swamps and margins of lakes and ponds.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Showy Bur Marigold is a native herbaceous annual or weak perennial member of the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found in scattered locations across Alabama. Showy Bur Marigold grows in swamps, around the edges of ponds and lakes, and in wet roadside ditches. The stems are decumbent and often root along their lower portions. Showy Bur Marigold has opposite, sessile, elliptic or lanceolate leaves that are either entire or toothed. The leaves are glabrous. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in corymbs. The heads are subtended by 5-7 lanceolate to linear bracts. The bracts are sometime leaf-like. The bracts have ciliate margins and glabrous faces. Each head has 7-8 yellow ray flowers and 60-100 yellow disc flowers. Showy Bur Marigold heads are held erect in flower, though they often nod in fruit. Showy Bur Marigold fruits have two to four barbed awns on their apex. These catch in the fur of animals (or clothing of humans!) and aid in seed dispersal. Showy Bur Marigold is sometimes available through wildflower seed companies. In requires full sun and wet soil. It is an excellent addition to pond edges, and produces a spectacular late season show, with thousands of flowers produced for up to a month’s time. It is an important late season nectar source for butterflies, and the fruit are consumed by song birds and waterfowl. It is similar to Nodding Bur Marigold (Bidens cernua Linnaeus), and the two may in fact be extremes of the same species. Nodding Bur Marigold usually has fewer ray flowers, and the heads are nodding in flower.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Bidens
Species Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg - Smooth Beggarticks; Showy Bur Marigold

Citation

Citation BIDENS LAEVIS (Linnaeus) Britton et al., Prelim. Cat. 29. 1888.
Basionym: Helianthus laevis Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 195 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Sherff, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 16: 315. 1937.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bidens chrysanthemoides Bidens chrysanthemoides Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 136. 1803, nom. illegit.Coriopsis perfoliata Walter 1788. 
Bidens chrysanthemoides var. nashii Bidens chrysanthemoides Michaux, var. nashii (Small) Jepson, Fl. W. Calif. 544. 1901.Bidens nashii Small 1898. 
Bidens elegans Bidens elegans Greene, Pittonia 4: 254. 1901. VIRGINIA: Norfolk Co.: Near Northwest, 8 Nov 1898, Kearney s.n. (holotype: US).
Coreopsis perfoliata Coreopsis perfoliata Walter, Fl. Carol. 214. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Helianthus laevis Helianthus laevis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 906. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 195 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Sherff, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 16: 315. 1937.
Heliopsis laevis Heliopsis laevis (Linnaeus) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 473. 1807.Helianthus laevis Linnaeus 1753. 
Bidens nashii Bidens nashii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot;. Club 25: 481. 1898. FLORIDA/LOUISIANA:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Escambia, Greene, Houston, Madison, Mobile, Montgomery, Pickens, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00016501 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 A. R. Diamond
17233
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0016025 Conecuh 24 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23564
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg
TROY000028468 St. Clair 28 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4913
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
USAM000001903 Baldwin 21 Oct 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6875
USAM
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
JSU104202 Pickens 25 Oct 1995 John R. MacDonald
9247
JSU
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
JSU104201 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6982
JSU
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
USAM000001901 Baldwin 03 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11841
USAM
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AMAL00008747 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 A. R. Diamond
14259
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00045319 Mobile 20 Oct 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UNA00066729 Barbour 3 Oct 1998 John R. MacDonald
12141
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
AUA000001823 Conecuh 27 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8941
AUA
BIDENS LAEVIS (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000014825 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Brian R. Keener
3278
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000041861 Butler 25 Oct 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25632
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00045320 Mobile _ Oct 1886 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UNA00045317 Pickens 25 Oct 1995 John R. MacDonald
9247
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
AUA000001822 Coffee 26 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8177
AUA
BIDENS LAEVIS (L.) B.S.P.
UWAL0013357 Bullock 20 Nov 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1467
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000036246 Conecuh 24 Nov 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23564
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000032328 Houston 19 Nov 2008 Terry Wayne Barger
35
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
JSU103900 Baldwin 18 Jun 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10648
JSU
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0001007 Escambia 16 Oct 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20317
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UNA00066969 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Brian R. Keener
3278
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
AUA000001821 Barbour 23 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-24)
AUA
BIDENS LAEVIS (L.) B.S.P.
UNA00060430 Baldwin 30 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8106
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
USAM000001902 Mobile 13 Oct 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8837
USAM
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
SAMF0005243 Bibb 30 Jun 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3273
SAMF
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AUA000001820 Baldwin 9 OCT 1996 TUCKER, JR., J. W.
AUA
BIDENS LAEVIS (L.) B.S.P.
UWAL0000465 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 Diamond, A.R.
17233
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UNA00062191 Crenshaw 2 Nov 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14259
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000014557 Baldwin 30 Oct 2003 Jonathan Stinson
4
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AMAL00012817 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Brian R. Keener
3278
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0019593 Butler 25 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25632
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000001575 Barbour 20 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10750b
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000001577 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14259
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00066194 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17233
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UWAL0000468 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3278
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000041905 Conecuh 03 Nov 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25653
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AMAL00015040 Houston 19 Nov 2008 T. Wayne Barger
SP#35
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AUA000035443 Montgomery 20 Oct 2010 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
2170
AUA
BIDENS LAEVIS
UWAL0031834 Conecuh 03 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25653
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000001579 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17233
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0000467 Shelby 23 Oct 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3906
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
AMAL00019579 Greene 07 Nov 2012 T. Wayne Barger
SP#876
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0000466 St. Clair 28 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4913
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000001578 Escambia 14 Sep 2000 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000001576 Crenshaw 12 Nov 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12241
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: