Berlandiera pumila

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
Common Name:Eastern Greeneyes; Soft Greeneyes
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Soft Greeneyes is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is native to the southern ¼ of Alabama. Soft Greeneyes occurs in Longleaf pine woodlands, in scrub oak woods, on roadsides, along woodland borders, and in disturbed, sandy areas. It is a perennial from a woody taproot. The stems are 2-3 feet in height and usually branched. The stems are reddish-green in color and pubescent. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves may not be present at flowering. Stem leaves are alternate, petiolate, oblong to ovate in outline, with crenate margins. The leaves are grayish velvety pubescent. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are in panicles or corymbs. Each head has 2-3 series of rounded phyllaries. There are 8 fertile yellow ray flowers per head and 20-100 functionally staminate reddish disc flowers. The heads smell like chocolate, especially early in the morning. The seed is a flattened obovate achene. Soft Greeneyes is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a well-draining sandy soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Berlandiera
Species Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall - Eastern Greeneyes; Soft Greeneyes

Citation

Citation BERLANDIERA PUMILA (Michaux) Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 7: 342. 1841.
Basionym: Silphium pumilum Michaux 1803.
Type: FLORIDA: Without data, Michaux 10 (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Berlandiera dealbata Berlandiera dealbata (Torrey & A. Gray) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1246, 1340. 1903.Berlandiera tomentosa (Pursh) Nuttall, var. dealbata Torrey & A. Gray 1842. 
Berlandiera humilis Berlandiera humilis Small, Fl. S.E. U.S 1246, 1340. 1903. FLORIDA: St. Johns Co.: St. Augustine, Jun-Dec 1875, Reynolds s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: F).
Berlandiera pumila var. dealbata Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall, var. dealbata (Torrey & A. Gray) Trelease ex Branner & Coville, Rep. (Annual) Geol. Surv. Arkansas 1888(4): 193. 1891.Berlandiera tomentosa (Pursh) Nuttall, var. dealbata Torrey & A. Gray 1842. 
Berlandiera tomentosa Berlandiera tomentosa (Pursh) Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 7: 343. 1841.Silphium tomentosum Pursh 1814. 
Berlandiera tomentosa var. dealbata Berlandiera tomentosa (Pursh) Nuttall, var. dealbata Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 282. 1841. OKLAHOMA ("Arkansas"): Without data, Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Pinkava, Brittonia 19: 296. 1967; G. L. Nesom & B. L. Turner, Sida 18: 499. 1998.
Polymnia caroliniana Polymnia caroliniana Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 5: 505. 1804. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Silphium pumilum Silphium pumilum Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 146. 1803. FLORIDA: Without data, Michaux 10 (holotype: P).
Silphium pumilum var. tomentosum Silphium pumilum Michaux, var. tomentosum (Pursh) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 183. 1818.Silphium tomentosum Pursh 1814. 
Silphium reticulatum Silphium reticulatum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 579. 1814, non Moench 1794. FLORIDA
Silphium tomentosum Silphium tomentosum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 579. 1814. GEORGIA: Without data, Bartram s.n. (holotype: BM).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Escambia, Geneva

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00002746 Escambia 19 May 2002 A. R. Diamond
13197
AMAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
TROY000030017 Escambia 16 Apr 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3703
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
UNA00021999 Geneva 25 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53481
UNA
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
UWAL0037931 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7906
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
USAM000001870 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7707
USAM
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001752 Escambia 26 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
620-69
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
AUA000024700 Covington 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3544
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UWAL0039806 Conecuh 26 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27519
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
TROY000040746 Baldwin 03 Jun 2011 Brian R. Keener
6594
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
UWAL0011910 Baldwin 11 Aug 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7433
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
TROY000001539 Conecuh 08 Jun 2002 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001741 Coffee 6 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6462
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
TROY000044315 Escambia 02 Jun 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27437
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
UWAL0016425 Geneva 03 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25279
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001743 Covington 16 APR 1979 JOHNSON, KENNETH G.
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
TROY000040892 Baldwin 11 Aug 2012 Brian R. Keener
7433
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001742 Conecuh 12 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7581
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UWAL0009179 Covington 09 May 2005 Kral, R.
96312
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
AUA000001749 Covington 7 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14480
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
AMAL00002747 Geneva 08 May 2000 R. Kral
89600
AMAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
UWAL0030607 Covington 04 May 1987 Kral, R.
73934
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
AUA000001755 Geneva 7 JUN 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35090
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
AMAL00009108 Escambia 05 Jul 2004 A. R. Diamond
14460
AMAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001748 Covington 27 APR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34542
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
USAM000001868 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7906
USAM
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
UWAL0017089 Covington 19 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8433
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
AUA000001754 Geneva 9 JUL 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7026
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
AMAL00015619 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 R. Kral
90803
AMAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
JSU103866 Escambia 17 Jun 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4155
JSU
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001747 Covington 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
446-69
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UNA00058602 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2358
UNA
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
TROY000014550 Geneva 20 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18987
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
UNA00023743 Escambia 28 May 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9453
UNA
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
AUA000001745 Covington 20 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6274
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
TROY000001540 Covington 07 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14480
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AMAL00017459 Baldwin 10 Oct 2007 T. Wayne Barger
Perd-25
AMAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000025684 Covington 30 MAY 1993 OBERHOLSTER, SUZANNE
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
AMAL00002745 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2358
AMAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
TROY000001538 Conecuh 13 Aug 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11981
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001750 Escambia 5 MAY 1999 SEARCY, DARRYL
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UNA00023683 Escambia 17 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9483
UNA
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
UWAL0038225 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8025
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
TROY000001544 Escambia 05 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14460
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001744 Covington 9 JUN 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
171
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UWAL0007813 Geneva 14 Aug 2011 Diamond, Alvin
22416
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000024974 Escambia 15 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3469
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
TROY000001542 Escambia 19 May 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
13197
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
USAM000001869 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8025
USAM
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001753 Escambia 23 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4561
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UWAL0001863 Covington 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4364
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
USAM000001871 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8320
USAM
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
SAMF0005235 Covington 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4364
SAMF
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000025152 Covington 20 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3315
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
AUA000024863 Escambia 16 APR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3703
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UWAL0012065 Baldwin 03 Jul 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6594
UWAL
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
TROY000001543 Escambia 28 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
297
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
AUA000001751 Escambia 6 JUN 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6953
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
AUA000001746 Covington 3 JUN 1965 WATERS, ROBERT E.
AUA
BERLANDIERA PUMILA (MICHX.) NUTT.
UNA00045255 Baldwin s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Berlandiera pumila (Michx.) Nutt.
TROY000001541 Dale 06 Aug 1999 Tiffany Pennington
62
TROY
Berlandiera pumila (Michaux) Nuttall
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