Opuntia humifusa

Family:CACTACEAE
Species:Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
Common Name:Eastern Prickly-Pear
Habitat:Dry sandy soils or outcrops.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:This species is spineless armed only with glochids. All other native Opuntia in Alabama bear spines.
Taxonomic Notes:Opuntia humifusa was formally a "catch-all" species for all specimens from Alabama that were not O. drummondii [=pusilla]. Maclure et al 2017 dramatically reduced the concept of O. humifusa leading to a situation where much of the Alabama "humifusa" material became identifiable with O. cespitosa or O. mesacantha (both subspecies). While Maclure et al did not examine any material from Alabama that ultimately remained identifiable with O. humifusa, it is strongly expected to be part of the flora but less common than other native species. All older herbarium specimens previously identified as O. humifusa should be reevlatuated and placed accordingly.
Status:Native
References:[1] Majure, L.C., W.S. Judd, P.S. Soltis, and D.E. Soltis. 2017. Taxonomic revision of the Opuntia humifusa complex (Opuntieae: Cactaceae) of the eastern United States. Phytotaxa 290 (1): 001-065. [2] Majure, L.C. 2014. Typifications and a nomenclatural change in some eastern North American Opuntia (Cactaceae). Phytoneuron 2014-106: 1–2.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCACTACEAE - Cactus family
Genus Opuntia
Species Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. - Eastern Prickly-Pear

Citation

Citation Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf., Med. Fl. 2: 247. 1830.
Basionym: Cactus humifusus Raf. 1820.
Type: PENNSYLVANIA: Berks Co., 0.75 mi southwest of New Jerusalem, 10 July 1927, Wherry s.n. (neotype: US)--Neotypification by Leuenberger 1993: 426.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Opuntia calcicola Opuntia calcicola Wherry, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 12, f. 1. 1926. WEST VIRGINIA: Jefferson Co.: NW of Bolivar, 10 Jun 1932, Wherry s.n. (neotype: PH). Neotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 924. 1982.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Cherokee, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC038927 Autauga 12 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
536
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UNA00017423 Baldwin 13 Mar 1979 John H. Wiersema
504
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
UWAL0031360 Hale 07 Nov 2008 England, J. Kevin
1491
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU142888 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 J. M. Ballard
5929
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103193 Randolph 11 May 1972 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC057024 Crenshaw 19 MAY 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10259
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
JSU103185 Franklin 28 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16382a
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC070348 Lee 13 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3931
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UNA00017426 Autauga 15 Sep 1979 John H. Wiersema
1313
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
JSU103187 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10001
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UWAL0008292 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1248
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103184 Etowah 11 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1412
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UNA00017422 Mobile 12 May 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
JSU103182 Cherokee 31 May 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC063171 Henry 23 JUL 2003 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
10413
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UWAL0008290 Conecuh 17 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19255
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
SAMF0003739 DeKalb 12 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5195
SAMF
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC012957 Lee 16 MAY 1966 LOGAN, ROBERT
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UWAL0017396 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4313.1
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UNA00058211 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10260
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
AUA_ACC003387 Baldwin 1 MAY 1965 DOLLAR, MASON
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UNA00060655 Marshall 9 Apr 1966 Donald H. Brown
7
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
AUA_ACC049339 Bullock 12 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5010
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF. var. HUMIFUSA
AMAL00008263 Henry 23 Jul 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10413
AMAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. humifusa
UWAL0014729 Washington 25 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4871
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103191 Marshall 30 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1979
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AMAL00012038 Randolph 11 May 1972 Kenneth E. Landers
AMAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. humifusa
TROY000045217 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3859
TROY
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC011612 Baldwin 1 MAY 1965 SANDERS, T. H.
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UWAL0014856 Bullock 09 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0629
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC039826 Conecuh 12 MAY 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
650
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UNA00054171 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1739
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
AMAL00013715 Pike 26 May 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12435
AMAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. austrina (Small) Dress
JSU103192 Marshall 24 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1184
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UWAL0008291 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1343
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103181 Calhoun 15 May 1985 Lisa Robertson
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UNA00063001 Morgan 6 Jul 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11977
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC054022 Pike 1 JAN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8996
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
AUA_ACC037236 Sumter 3 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
135A
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
AUA_ACC018840 Lee 24 MAY 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
187
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
SAMF0003741 Tuscaloosa 22 May 1954 McCullough, H. A.
s.n.
SAMF
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UWAL0008289 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1125
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC027684 Randolph 16 JUN 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
376
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
JSU103189 Lee 30 May 1971 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC049211 Henry 22 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4821
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UNA00059799 Henry 23 Jul 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10413
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
AUA_ACC056135 Montgomery 10 JUL 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10404
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UWAL0043425 Baldwin 15 Nov 2001 Larsen, H.S.
766
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU142886 Randolph 11 May 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA000030361 Escambia 23 Mar 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4984
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA
UWAL0008293 Pike 26 May 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12435
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC049293 Montgomery 12 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5020
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
JSU103186 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
866
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103183 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17840
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC061595 Russell 2 MAY 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-161
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
UWAL0013562 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3855
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103190 Lee 08 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC037579 Baldwin 15 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
538
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
AUA_ACC020487 Macon 16 MAY 1970 BENIWAL, S. P.
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
SAMF0003740 Coffee 19 May 1986 Davenport, L. J.
2458
SAMF
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC013675 Macon 17 MAY 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
JSU103194 Randolph 04 Apr 1993 A. P. Dasinger
29
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UNA00017421 Mobile 1 Jun 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D522
UNA
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. var. humifusa
AUA_ACC004993 Lee 14 MAY 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
OPUNTIA HUMIFUSA (RAF.) RAF.
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