Lysimachia arvensis

Family:PRIMULACEAE
Species:Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & Anderb.
Common Name:Pimpernel
Habitat:Roadsides, lawns, and fields.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Scarlet Pimpernel is an introduced annual in the Primrose family (Primulaceae). It is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Scarlet Pimpernel has been introduced intentionally or by accident worldwide. In Alabama, it has been found in the southern third of the state. Scarlet Pimpernel occurs on roadsides, in lawns, on coastal dunes, and in other disturbed sites. It is an annual with erect or ascending stems. The stems are green and fleshy. Leaves are opposite or occasionally whorled, and have conspicuous purple dots on their lower surface. The leaves are ovate to lanceolate in outline, sessile, and have entire margins. Flowers are produced singly from the axils of the leaves. Each flower has five orange, salmon, or blue petals that are fringed by glad tipped hairs. The fruit is a capsule. The flowers of Scarlet Pimpernel close at night and on rainy days. This is the origin of other common names for this species such as “Weatherglass”, “Poor Man’s Barometer” or “Shepherd's Weatherglass”. Scarlet Pimpernel was used as a trademark when signing notes by the fictitious character Sir Percy Blakeney in the novel “The Scarlet Pinpernel” by Baroness Emma Orczy. Scarlet Pimpernel is occasionally used as an ornamental. It is tolerant of drought, poor soils, and saline soils. Because of its weedy tendencies, it is not recommended in most instances. Until recently this species was known by the name Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPRIMULACEAE - Primrose family
Genus Lysimachia
Species Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & Anderb. - Pimpernel

Citation

Citation Lysimachia arvensis (Linnaeus) U. Manns & Anderberg, Willdenowia 39(1): 51. 2009.
Basionym: Anagallis arvensis L. 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 208.1). Lectotypified by Dyer, in Dyer et al., Fl. Southern Afr. 26: 14. 1963.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anagallis arvensis Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 148. 1753. Without data (lectotype: LINN 208.1). Lectotypified by Dyer, in Dyer et al., Fl. Southern Afr. 26: 14. 1963.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Conecuh, Dale, Houston, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Sumter

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1878 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0015374 Baldwin 04 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4903
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & Anderb.
AUA_ACC064787 Mobile 3 APR 1969 TAYLOR, JOHN
5263
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
TROY000038472 Sumter 09 Apr 2012 Brian R. Keener
7105
TROY
Lysimachia arvensis (Linnaeus) U. Manns & Anderb.
UNA00017093 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1672
UNA
Anagallis arvensis L.
UWAL0010355 Sumter 09 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7105
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & A. Anderb.
AUA_ACC062619 Mobile 12 APR 2003 FOSTER, RACHEL
49
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
TROY000008986 Dale 13 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13307
TROY
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
JSU130254 Mobile 29 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1238
JSU
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
UNA00066979 Baldwin 04 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3340
UNA
Anagallis arvensis L.
TROY000008058 Mobile 26 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11321
TROY
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
TROY000008057 Baldwin 04 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3340
TROY
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
UNA00045713 Houston 15 Apr 1995 John R. MacDonald
8396
UNA
Anagallis arvensis L.
USAM000013268 Mobile 12 May 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7029
USAM
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC063592 Mobile 16 APR 2004 BALLARD, D. M.
440
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
AUA_ACC064545 Macon 16 APR 2005 NEARY, C. P.
21
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
UWAL0016469 Baldwin 08 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25063
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & A. Anderb.
TROY000039455 Baldwin 08 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25063
TROY
Lysimachia arvensis (Linnaeus) U. Manns & Anderb.
USAM000013267 Mobile 12 May 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7030
USAM
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC067182 Mobile 12 APR 2008 CHERUIYOT, DOROTHY J.
78-25
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
USAM000013266 Mobile 11 Apr 1980 J. Uebelacker
s.n.
USAM
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
UWAL0005958 Baldwin 04 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3340
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & A. Anderb.
AUA_ACC071804 Bullock 8 APR 2014 GLOW, MICHAEL
021
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
UWAL0037959 Mobile 12 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7030
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & A. Anderb.
TROY000042469 Conecuh 23 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26375
TROY
Lysimachia arvensis (Linnaeus) U. Manns & Anderb.
UNA00059065 Mobile 26 May 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11321
UNA
Anagallis arvensis L.
AUA_ACC047331 Barbour 5 JUL 1981 GATES, WILLIAM R.
48
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
UWAL0038476 Mobile 04 May 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
7729
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & A. Anderb.
JSU130255 Mobile 27 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1190
JSU
Anagallis arvensis Linnaeus
UWAL0031185 Conecuh 23 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26375
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & Anderb.
UNA00026988 Mobile 04 Jul 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Anagallis arvensis L.
AUA_ACC003776 Lee 28 APR 1953 ARTHUR, WAYNE
S.N.
AUA
ANAGALLIS ARVENSIS L.
UNA00014311 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
950
UNA
Anagallis arvensis L.
UWAL0043969 Baldwin 17 Apr 2002 Larsen, H.S.
1031
UWAL
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & Anderb.
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