Arnoglossum plantagineum

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
Common Name:Prairie Indian Plantain; Tuberous Indian Plantain; Prairie Plantain
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Prairie Indian Plantain is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family. It is native to the Black Belt region of central Alabama and to the Tennessee Valley region of north Alabama. Prairie Indian Plantain occurs in prairies, in pastures, in cedar glades, and on roadsides. It is a perennial with an enlarged tuberous taproot. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are petiolate, elliptic in outline, with entire or wavy margins. The stem leaves are petiolate toward the base and sessile near the top, alternate, elliptic in outline, with entire or wavy margins. Flowers are in heads. The heads are in terminal corymbs. The midvein of the phyllaries is winged. Each head contains 5 disc flowers and no ray flowers. The disc flowers are greenish-white in color. The fruit is an achene. Prairie Indian Plantain is listed as a S1 species in Alabama (typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G4G5 species (G4 - Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors. G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S1 (State Rank), G4G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Arnoglossum
Species Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque - Prairie Indian Plantain; Tuberous Indian Plantain; Prairie Plantain

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cacalia plantaginea    
Mesadenia tuberosa    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bullock, Choctaw, Crenshaw, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Montgomery, Sumter, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0001637 Marengo 06 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2077
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0002732 Marengo 31 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2449
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0010904 Montgomery 16 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23036
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045461 Greene 10 May 1963 Joab L. Thomas
724
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AMAL00009209 Marengo 31 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2449
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0035345 Greene 08 May 1954 McCullough, H.A.
1475.119
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000028200 Dallas 22 MAY 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP980
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
UWAL0001005 Dallas 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5921
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0030911 Sumter 20 May 1993 Kral, R.
82346
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AMAL00016514 Jackson 12 May 2009 T. Wayne Barger
SP#105
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0011254 Lawrence 09 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3457
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000038661 26 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
614
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000014568 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19351
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AMAL00017963 Choctaw 19 May 2004 R. Kral
95218
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000014928 Choctaw 19 May 2004 Robert Kral
95218
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
SAMF0006677 Hale 17 Jun 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6368
SAMF
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0019473 Wilcox 21 May 1993 Kral, R.
82402
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UNA00027485 Hale 25 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000037934 Montgomery 08 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24008
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000030718 Lowndes 16 Apr 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4597
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM
UNA00045465 Wilcox 20 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
659
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
SAMF0005268 Greene 10 May 1963 Thomas, Joab L.
724
SAMF
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0000450 Hale 23 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4468
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000014929 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Brian R. Keener
2554
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000033942 Marengo 31 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2449
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0010651 Choctaw 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7224
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AMAL00021151 Lee 11 Oct 2013 T. Wayne Barger
SP#1247
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0014305 Greene 01 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3420
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001593 Montgomery 28 APR 1907 ANDREWS, ELIZABETH F.
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
TROY000042931 Dallas 14 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26353
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AMAL00017962 Choctaw 19 May 2004 R. Kral
95218
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000014927 Choctaw 19 May 2004 Robert Kral
95218
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001591 Dallas 9 MAY 1966 BURNS, EARL R.
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
UWAL0014660 Montgomery 08 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24008
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000034831 Montgomery 15 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22930
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045459 Montgomery 28 Apr 1868 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UNA00045463 Hale 16 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
251
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0014169 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0614
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000037498 Lawrence 09 May 2012 J. Kevin England
3457
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
JSU103766 Greene 18 May 1967 H. Naugle
324
JSU
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0000451 Sumter 13 May 1998 White, James E.
B-127
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UNA00045462 Greene 18 May 1967 H. Naugle
G 324
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000034729 Montgomery 16 May 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23036
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045464 Hale 16 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
251
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AMAL00007554 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Brian R. Keener
2553
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0030326 Dallas 14 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26353
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045460 Wilcox 9 May 1949 A. M. Harvill, Jr.
5005 d
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AUA000001590 Dallas 18 MAY 1984 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
13970
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
AUA000001592 Lowndes 21 MAY 1953 BENNETT, ORUS L.
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
AUA000001595 Wilcox 20 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
659
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
AMAL00020242 Lowndes 22 May 2013 T. Wayne Barger
SP#980
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001596 Wilcox 20 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
659
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
UNA00045466 Wilcox 20 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
659
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AUA000001589 Dallas 3 JUN 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1503
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
SAMF0005269 Greene 08 May 1954 McCullough, H. A.
s.n.
SAMF
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
JSU139909 Dallas 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13970
JSU
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000014700 Hale 23 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4468
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00058732 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Brian R. Keener
2553
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AMAL00021282 Dallas 15 Apr 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-83
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001594 Sumter 30 APR 2003 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2553
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
JSU103765 Dallas 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13970
JSU
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000030744 Lowndes 21 May 1953 Orus L. Bennett
s.n.
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001588 Crenshaw 27 MAY 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9192
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM PLANTAGINEUM RAF.
TROY000036658 Choctaw 04 May 2012 Brian R. Keener
7224
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
NY02030075 Wilcox May 1841 Samuel B. Buckley
s.n.
NY
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
UWAL0019389 Dallas 21 May 1993 Kral, R.
82420
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
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