Pontederia cordata

Family:PONTEDERIACEAE
Species:Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
Common Name:Pickerel Weed; Wampee
Habitat:Shallow slow-moving or standing water.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:POCO14
Plant Notes:Pickerel Weed is a native herbaceous perennial in the Pickerel Weed family (Pontideriaceae). It can be found in southern and eastern Alabama. Pickerel Weed grows in Cypress ponds, in lakes and ponds, in inlets and ox-bows along rivers, and in wet roadside ditches. It is a perennial with a thick rhizome. The rhizome is in the mud, usually in shallow water. The rhizome produces roots from its lower surface and leaves from its upper surface. The leaves are usually near the apex of the rhizome. Leaves are petiolate, lanceolate to cordate in outline, entire, and glabrous. The flowers are produced in spikes. Each flower has 6 lobes that are blue-purple to white in color. The upper lobe is slightly larger than the others and marked with a yellow spot. The fruit is an utricle (a one seeded bladder-like indehiscent fruit). The utricles have toothed ridges. Pickerel Weed is a popular ornamental for pools. Rhizomes should be planted in shallow elongated pots and placed in water up to 2 feet in depth. Pickerel Weed is a strong grower and will need to be contained in the pool.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPONTEDERIACEAE - Water-Hyacinth family
Genus Pontederia
Species Pontederia cordata Linnaeus - Pickerel Weed; Wampee

Citation

Citation PONTEDERIA CORDATA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 288. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 407.4). Lectotypified by Reveal, Huntia 7: 230. 1987.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Narukila cordata Narukila cordata (Linnaeus) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 101. 1913.Pontederia cordata Linnaeus 1753. 
Narukila cordata var. lancifolia Narukila cordata (Linnaeus) Nieuwland, var. lancifolia (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 101. 1913.Pontederia lancifolia Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1817. 
Pontederia angustifolia Pontederia angustifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 224. 1814.  
Pontederia coerulea Pontederia coerulea Maund, Bot. Gard. pl. 551 (?). 1836.  
Pontederia cordata var. angustifolia Pontederia cordata Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Pursh) Torrey, Fl. N. Middle United States 343. 1824.Pontederia angustifolia Pursh 1814. 
Pontederia cordata var. lanceolata Pontederia cordata Linnaeus, var. lanceolata (Nuttall) Nuttall ex Grisebach, Cat. Pl. Cub. 252. 1866.Pontederia lanceolata Nuttall 1818. 
Pontederia cordata var. typica Pontederia cordata Linnaeus, var. typica Solms-Laubach, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 4: 532. 1883, nom. inadmiss.Pontederia cordata Linnaeus 1753. 
Pontederia lancifolia Pontederia lancifolia Muhlenberg ex Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 382. 1817.  
Pontederia cordata var. lancifolia Pontederia cordata Linnaeus, var. lancifolia (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Morong, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 105. 1894.Pontederia lancifolia Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1817. 
Pontederia lanceolata Pontederia lanceolata Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 216. 1818. GEORGIA: Chatham Co.: Near Savannah, s.d., Baldwin s.n. (holotype: PH?).
Sagittaria cerulea Sagittaria cerulea Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 18. 1817.  
Unisema acutifolia Unisema acutifolia Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 107. 1830.  
Unisema cordata Unisema cordata (Linnaeus) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 3: 92. 1924.Pontederia cordata Linnaeus 1753. 
Unisema deltifolia Unisema deltifolia Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 105. 1830.  
Unisema heterophylla Unisema heterophylla Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 108. 1830.  
Unisema lancifolia Unisema lancifolia (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Rafinesque, Atl. J. 178. 1833.Pontederia lancifolia Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1817. 
Unisema latifolia Unisema latifolia Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 107. 1830.  
Unisema media Unisema media Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 107. 1830. "New York to Carolina", without data, Rafinesque (?) s.n. (holotype: NY).
Unisema media var. albiflora Unisema media Rafinesque, var. albiflora Rafinesque, New Fl. 1: 76. 1836.  
Unisema media var. angustifolia Unisema media Rafinesque, var. angustifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 1: 76. 1836.  
Unisema mucronata Unisema mucronata Rafinesque, Med. Repos., ser. 2. 5: 352. 1808, nom. illegit.Pontederia cordata Linnaeus 1753. 
Unisema obliquata Unisema obliquata Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 107. 1830.  
Unisema obtusifolia Unisema obtusifolia Rafinesque, Med. Repos., ser. 2. 5: 352. 1808, nom. illegit.Pontederia cordata Linnaeus 1753. 
Unisema peduncularis Unisema peduncularis Rafinesque, New Fl. 1: 75. 1836. "Carolina to Florida"
Unisema peduncularis var. parvifolia Unisema peduncularis Rafinesque, var. parvifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 1: 75. 1836.  
Unisema purshiana Unisema purshiana Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 107. 1830, nom. illegit.Pontederia angustifolia Pursh 1814. 
Unisema rotundifolia Unisema rotundifolia Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 2: 108. 1830. ILLINOIS/KENTUCKY
Unisema sagitata Unisema sagitata Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 18. 1817.Sagittaria cerulea Rafinesque 1817. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Conecuh, Covington, Elmore, Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Lee, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Randolph, Russell, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1958 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_13110 Houston 24 Jul 1966 Daly, Jr., Robert
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
TROY000044579 Geneva 20 Apr 2017 Byrd, Cameron
1041
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00007095 Geneva 12 Jul 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
561
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UWAL0016397 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25238
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
TROY000048299 Elmore 27 May 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28945
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UWAL0050066 Elmore 27 May 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28945
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UWAL0049591 Jackson 10 Jun 2009 Webb, David H.
7051
UWAL
Pontederia cordata L.
USAM000013189 Covington 08 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
35172
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
JSU110394 Baldwin 3 Jun 1972 Kral, Robert
47169
JSU
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_35644 Baldwin 29 Jun 1977 Botts, Daniel A.
019
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UWAL0045610 Madison 01 Jul 2018 Finzel, Brian
s.n.
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
USAM000013192 Baldwin 17 Sep 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6854
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_37564 Baldwin 15 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
543
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UNA00007030 Covington 01 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39452
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
USAM000013191 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7835
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00023695 Baldwin 24 Sep 1977 Harvey, Denise
241
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UWAL0034804 Houston 07 May 1995 Kral, Robert
84550
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus var. lancifolia (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Torrey
TROY000045985 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26127a
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00007005 Houston 11 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6660
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UNA00007100 Covington 21 Oct 1973 Sutherland, M.
153
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
AMAL00014676 Tallapoosa 09 Jul 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
294
AMAL
Pontederia cordata L. var cordata
UWAL0047906 Madison 06 Jun 2020 England, J. Kevin
11059
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus var. cordata
UNAF0001611 Lee 31 Jul 1964 Tyler, Anne
s.n.
UNAF
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus var. cordata
USAM000013186 Baldwin 18 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11542
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UWAL0044131 Baldwin 27 Jun 1995 Larsen, Harry S.
263
UWAL
Pontederia cordata L.
ALNHS00002960 Baldwin 8 Oct 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1517
ALNHS
Pontederia cordata L. var. cordata L.
AUA_ACC_62202 Barbour 10 Jul 2001 Gil, Glenda
(2001-286)
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
JSU110398 Randolph 4 Jul 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
3958
JSU
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA000040271 Madison 26 Jul 2018 Swick, E.N.
1066
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
AMAL00008784 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 Morton, Cynthia M.
286
AMAL
Pontederia cordata L. var. cordata
UNAF0001824 Marshall 24 Sep 2008 Webb, David H.
6843
UNAF
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus var. cordata
UWAL0033768 Geneva 12 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8736
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00007025 Baldwin 21 Jul 1973 French, Tom W.
234
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UNAF0001612 Lee 03 Jul 1964 Tyler, Anne
s.n.
UNAF
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus var. lancifolia (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Torrey
USAM000013184 Baldwin 18 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11542
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_60855 Baldwin 16 May 1964 Hicks, James T.
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
JSU110396 Baldwin 16 May 1964 Bozarth, Gene A.
s.n.
JSU
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
TROY000012951 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 Gil, Glenda
2001/286
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AMAL00023373 Geneva 12 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8736
AMAL
Pontederia cordata L.
AUA_ACC_17257 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Floyd, Jr., John A.
125
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
JSU110395 Baldwin 21 Jul 1972 Hanlin, H.G.
225
JSU
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
TROY000040707 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25238
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UWAL0016922 Baldwin 14 Oct 2012 England, J. Kevin
4001
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00007100 Covington 21 Oct 1973 Sutherland, M.
153
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UNA00073029 Houston 05 Nov 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP-243
UNA
Pontederia cordata L. var. cordata
USAM000013187 Mobile 18 Aug 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11314
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_37906 Mobile 29 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
659
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UNA00007088 Conecuh 11 Jul 1977 Wiersema, John H.
242
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
TROY000049866 Montgomery 23 Jul 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29365
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
JSU110397 Covington 21 Oct 1973 Stevens, Ann
173
JSU
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UWAL0030565 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87668
UWAL
Pontederia cordata L.
AMAL00001995 Geneva 25 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91144
AMAL
Pontederia cordata L.
UNA00007090 Covington 13 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6719
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UNAF0001610 Baldwin 14 Jul 1977 Bailey, Garland
s.n.
UNAF
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus var. cordata
AUA_ACC_41269 Elmore 25 Jun 1972 Luckett, Larry
032
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UNA00048915 Covington 18 May 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10601
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
USAM000013185 Baldwin 18 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11542
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00007015 Conecuh 08 Aug 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1507
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
TROY000040667 Covington 17 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25334
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_2965 Lee 12 Jul 1962 Gramlich, Jim
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
ALNHS00001365 Baldwin 25 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#743
ALNHS
Pontederia cordata L. var. lancifolia (Muhl.) Torr.
UWAL0039593 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27928
UWAL
Pontederia cordata L.
UWAL0044353 Baldwin 01 Jun 1993 Walker, M.M.
41
UWAL
Pontederia cordata L.
USAM000013190 Baldwin 21 Jun 1979 Dowling, Hugh M.
207
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00069681 Marshall 24 Sep 2008 Webb, David
6843
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
USAM000013188 Baldwin 29 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7970
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
SAMF0002987 Baldwin 03 Jun 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5824
SAMF
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_34596 Covington 7 May 1979 Coggins, W.A.
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UNA00007020 Baldwin 06 Jun 1958 Edwards, Jackie
s.n.
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
AUA_ACC_17256 Lee 16 Jul 1969 Ellis, H.C.
062
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UWAL0037914 Baldwin 17 Sep 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6854
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_1744 Lee 10 May 1951 Kennamer, Earl F.
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UWAL0049928 Montgomery 23 Jul 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29365
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00007025 Baldwin 21 Jul 1973 French, Tom W.
234
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
TROY000045504 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27928
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
ALNHS00003686 Baldwin 27 Aug 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2013
ALNHS
Pontederia cordata L. var. lancifolia (Muhl.) Torr.
AUA_ACC_41270 Covington 8 Jul 1972 Hudgins, Charles H.
127
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
SAMF0000653 Tallapoosa 30 May 1989 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2669
SAMF
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_1612 Baldwin 16 Apr 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
UNA00024148 Baldwin 27 Aug 1981 Horn, Charles N.
444
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UNA00007010 Baldwin 02 Jun 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
97
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
UWAL0016736 Covington 17 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25334
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_12295 Baldwin 1 May 1965 Koelling, Alfred C.
2238
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
USAM000013183 Baldwin 28 Jun 2003 Pate, Ab R.
42
USAM
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UWAL0038025 Baldwin 29 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7970
UWAL
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
UNA00007135 Mobile _ Jul _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Pontederia cordata L.
TROY000012952 Geneva 25 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91144
TROY
Pontederia cordata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_26712 Tallapoosa 5 Aug 1974 Hutto, T.A.
447
AUA
Pontederia Cordata L.
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