Paspalum vaginatum

Species:Paspalum vaginatum Sw.
Common Name:Seashore Crowngrass; Sand Knotgrass
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.


FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Paspalum
Species Paspalum vaginatum Sw. - Seashore Crowngrass; Sand Knotgrass


Citation Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, Prodr. [O.P. Swartz] 21. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: JAMAICA: Without data (holotype: S; isotype: US(fragm)).

** Not applicable or data not available.


SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Digitaria foliosa Digitaria foliosa Lagasca y Segura, Gen. Sp. Pl. 4. 1816. CUBA: Havana,
Digitaria tristachya Digitaria tristachya (Leconte) Schultes, Mant. 2: 261. 1824.Paspalum tristachyum Leconte 1820. 
Digitaria vaginata Digitaria vaginata (Swartz) Magnier, Scrinia Fl. Select. 6: 120. 1887.Paspalum vaginatum Swartz 1788. 
Panicum littorale Panicum littorale (R. Brown) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 362. 1898, non C. Mohr ex Vasey 1879.Paspalum littorale R. Brown 1810. 
Panicum vaginatum Panicum vaginatum (Swartz) Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 3: 462. 1856, non Nees von Esenbeck 1829.Paspalum vaginatum Swartz 1788. 
Paspalum boryanum Paspalum boryanum J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 209. 1830. PHILIPPINES: Luzon: Sorzogon, 1792, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR).
Paspalum distichum subsp. vaginatum Paspalum distichum Linnaeus, subsp. vaginatum (Swartz) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 32: 217. 1941.Paspalum vaginatum Swartz 1788. 
Paspalum distichum var. littorale Paspalum distichum Linnaeus, var. littorale (R. Brown) F. M. Bailey, Ill. Monogr. Queensl. Grass. 1. 1879; Cat. Grass. Queensl. Court 23. 1888.Paspalum littorale R. Brown 1810. 
Paspalum distichum var. nanum Paspalum distichum Linnaeus, var. nanum (Döll) Stapf, in Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 371. 1898.Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, var. nanum Döll 1877. 
Paspalum distichum var. tristachum Paspalum distichum Linnaeus, var. tristachum A. W. Wood, Class- Book Bot., ed. 1861. 783. 1861.  
Paspalum distichum var. vaginatum Paspalum distichum Linnaeus, var. vaginatum (Swartz) Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 541. 1864.Paspalum vaginatum Swartz 1788. 
Paspalum foliosum Paspalum foliosum (Lagasca y Segura) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 25. 1829.Digitaria foliosa Lagasca y Segura 1816. 
Paspalum gayanum Paspalum gayanum E. Desvaux, in Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 240. 1854 ("1853"). CHILE: Coquimbo, vicinity of La Serena, 1838, Gay 632 (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum inflatum Paspalum inflatum A. Richard, in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba 11: 298. 1850. CUBA: Havana, s.d., Sagra s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum jaguaense Paspalum jaguaense León, Fl. Cuba 1: 139. 1946. CUBA: Las Villas, 21 Jun 1932, León 15590 (holotype: ?; isotypes: US(2 shts)).
Paspalum kleineanum Paspalum kleineanum J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 209. 1830. PERU: Without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR; isotypes: LE, US(fragm)).
Paspalum littorale Paspalum littorale R. Brown, Prodr. 188. 1810. AUSTRALIA: Port Jackson, s.d., Brown 6091 (holotype: BM; isotypes: E, K).
Paspalum reimarioides Paspalum reimarioides Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 2. 665. 1883, non Brongniart 1830. FLORIDA: "West Florida",
Paspalum squamatum Paspalum squamatum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 21. 1853. "Guinea", without data, Jardin s.n. (holotype: CN).
Paspalum tristachyum Paspalum tristachyum Leconte, J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 91: 285. 1820. GEORGIA: Without data, Leconte s.n. (holotype: P).
Paspalum vaginatum subsp. nanum Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, subsp. nanum (Döll) Loxton, J. S. African Bot. 43: 93. 1977.Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, var. nanum Döll 1877. 
Paspalum vaginatum var. littorale Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, var. littorale (R. Brown) Trinius ex Büse, in Miquel, Pl. Jungh. 383. 1854.Paspalum littorale R. Brown 1810. 
Paspalum vaginatum var. nanum Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, var. nanum Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 75. 1877. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Rio de Janeiro, s.d., Glaziou 4346 (lectotype: B; isolectotypes: P, US(fragm)). Lectotypified by Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 28: 42. 1929.
Paspalum vaginatum var. reimarioides Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, var. reimarioides Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 577. 1897.Paspalum reimarioides Chapman 1883, non Brongniart 1830. 
Rottboellia uniflora Rottboellia uniflora A. Cunningham, in Hooker, Companion Bot. Mag. 2: 371. 1837. NEW ZEALAND: North Island: Without data, 1834, Cunningham s.n. (holotype: K).
Sanguinaria vaginata Sanguinaria vaginata (Swartz) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 258. 1901.Paspalum vaginatum Swartz 1788 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1966 - 1966

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
AUA000029417 Mobile 23 Aug 2014 Horne, Howard E.
Paspalum Vaginatum Sw.
UNA00005652 Mobile 25 Jul 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
Paspalum vaginatum Sw.
UWAL0030795 Mobile 23 Aug 2014 Horne, Howard E.
Paspalum vaginatum Swartz
USAM000012435 Baldwin 09 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
Paspalum vaginatum Swartz
ALNHS00006707 Mobile 05 Nov 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
Paspalum vaginatum Sw.
UNA00005657 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
Paspalum vaginatum Sw.
USAM000012436 Baldwin 09 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
Paspalum vaginatum Swartz
USAM000012434 Mobile 21 Aug 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
Paspalum vaginatum Swartz
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