Panicum capillare

Family:POACEAE
Species:Panicum capillare Linnaeus
Common Name:Common Panic Grass; Oldfield Witch Grass; Old Witch Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PACA6
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Panicum
Species Panicum capillare Linnaeus - Common Panic Grass; Oldfield Witch Grass; Old Witch Grass

Citation

Citation PANICUM CAPILLARE Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 58. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 454 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 60. 1910.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chasea capillaris Chasea capillaris (Linnaeus) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 64. 1911.Panicum capillare Linnaeus 1753. 
Leptoloma barbipulvinatum Leptoloma barbipulvinatum (Nash ex Rydberg) Smyth, Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 25: 86. 1913.Panicum barbipulvinatum Nash ex Rydberg 1900. 
Leptoloma capillaris Leptoloma capillaris (Linnaeus) Smyth, Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 25: 86. 1913.Panicum capillare Linnaeus 1753. 
Milium barbipulvinatum Milium barbipulvinatum (Nash ex Rydberg) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 212. 1914.Panicum barbipulvinatum Nash ex Rydberg 1900. 
Milium capillare Milium capillare (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 203. 1794.Panicum capillare Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum barbipulvinatum Panicum barbipulvinatum Nash ex Rydberg, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 21. 1900. WYOMING: Yellowstone National Park, Lower Geyser Basin, 4 Aug 1897, Rydberg & Bessey 3544 (holotype: NY).
Panicum barbipulvinatum var. hirsutipes Panicum barbipulvinatum Nash ex Rydberg, var. hirsutipes Suksdorf, Werdenda 1: 17. 1927. WASHINGTON: Spokane Co.: Spokane River, near the Spokane Bridge, 14 Sep 1916, Suksdorf 9068 (holotype: WS; isotype: US).
Panicum bobartii Panicum bobartii Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 748. 1798. VIRGINIA: Without data, Bobart s.n. (lectotype: P-L). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 60. 1910.
Panicum capillare subsp. barbipulvinatum Panicum capillare Linnaeus, subsp. barbipulvinatum (Nash ex Rydberg, Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyshh. Nizh. Rast. 1968: 18. 1968.Panicum barbipulvinatum Nash ex Rydberg 1900. 
Panicum capillare var. barbipulvinatum Panicum capillare Linnaeus, var. barbipulvinatum (Nash ex Rydberg) McGregor, Phytologia 55: 256. 1984.Panicum barbipulvinatum Nash ex Rydberg 1900. 
Panicum capillare var. brevifolium Panicum capillare Linnaeus, var. brevifolium Vasey, in Rydberg & Shear, U.S.D.A. Div. Agrost. Bull. 5: 21. 1897. MONTANA: Gallatin Co.: Manhattan, sand bar in the Gallatin River, 19 Jul 1895, Shear 436 (holotype: US).
Panicum capillare var. occidentale Panicum capillare Linnaeus, var. occidentale Rydberg, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 186. 1895. NEBRASKA: Grant Co.: Whitman, 19 Sep 1893, Rydberg 1788 (holotype: NY?; isotype: US).
Panicum capillare var. vulgare Panicum capillare Linnaeus, var. vulgare Lamson-Scribner, Grasses Tennessee 2: 44. 1894, nom. illegit.Panicum capillare Linnaeus, var. agreste Gattinger 1887. 
Panicum elegantulum Panicum elegantulum Suksdorf, Werdenda 1: 16. 1927, non Mez 1917. WASHINGTON: Spokane Co.: Spokane,
Panicum capillare var. agreste Panicum capillare Linnaeus, var. agreste Gattinger, Tennessee Fl. 94. 1887. TENNESSEE: Sumner Co.?: Ridgetop, 14 Sep 1882, Gattinger s.n. holotype: TENN).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Cherokee, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jefferson, Lee, Marshall, Montgomery

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1966 - 2004

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU100114 Jefferson 12 Oct 1984 J. P. Barber
1224
JSU
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
SAMF0003262 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17934
SAMF
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
TROY000042746 Franklin 29 Aug 2013 J. Kevin England
4495
TROY
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
USAM000010811 Greene 20 Oct 1979 Michael G. LeLong
11020
USAM
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
UNA00004613 Greene 20 Jun 1967 Joab L. Thomas
T1062
UNA
Panicum capillare L. subsp. capillare
TROY000027499 Cherokee 19 Sep 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12174
TROY
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
JSU100115 Marshall 30 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2767
JSU
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
UWAL0013797 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1353
UWAL
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
TROY000012380 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17934
TROY
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
UWAL0030416 Bibb 09 Aug 1992 Kral, R.
81292.2
UWAL
Panicum capillare L.
UNA00004628 Hale 13 Jun 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
322
UNA
Panicum capillare L. subsp. capillare
AUA000018127 Montgomery 8 AUG 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
314
AUA
PANICUM CAPILLARE L. ssp. CAPILLARE
UNA00065450 Cherokee 19 Sep 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12174
UNA
Panicum capillare L.
JSU100116 Marshall 14 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2647
JSU
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
UWAL0006271 Jefferson 22 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69560
UWAL
Panicum capillare L.
TROY000032718 Montgomery 24 Oct 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21683
TROY
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
UWAL0015406 Franklin 29 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4495
UWAL
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
TROY000027500 Jefferson 25 Jul 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11471
TROY
Panicum capillare Linnaeus var. capillare
TROY000012379 Butler 21 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18551
TROY
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
AUA000018124 Lee 18 JUN 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
275
AUA
PANICUM CAPILLARE L. ssp. CAPILLARE
AUA000018125 Montgomery 3 AUG 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
PANICUM CAPILLARE L. ssp. CAPILLARE
AUA000018126 Montgomery SEP 1955 VICCAR, MARION
AUA
PANICUM CAPILLARE L. ssp. CAPILLARE
JSU100113 Etowah 08 Oct 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4406
JSU
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
UNA00004633 Hale 30 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
323
UNA
Panicum capillare L. subsp. capillare
AUA000024515 Cherokee 19 SEP 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12174
AUA
PANICUM CAPILLARE L.
UWAL0009053 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17934
UWAL
Panicum capillare L.
TROY000036711 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1353
TROY
Panicum capillare Linnaeus
UNA00059325 Jefferson 25 Jul 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11471
UNA
Panicum capillare L. subsp. capillare
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