Dichanthelium ensifolium

Family:POACEAE
Species:Dichanthelium ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) Gould
Common Name:Small Leaf Witch Grass; Sword Leaf Panic Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:DIDIE
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Dichanthelium
Species Dichanthelium ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) Gould - Small Leaf Witch Grass; Sword Leaf Panic Grass

Citation

Citation DICHANTHELIUM ENSIFOLIUM (Baldwin ex Elliott) Gould, Brittonia 26: 59. 1974.
Basionym: Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott 1816.
Type: GEORGIA: Without data, Baldwin s.n. (holotype: CHARL; isotypes: PH, US fragm).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dichanthelium chamaelonche Dichanthelium chamaelonche (Trinius) Freckmann & Lelong, Sida 20: 168. 2002.Panicum chamaelonche Trinius 1826. 
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. glabrifolium Dichanthelium dichotomum (Linnaeus) Gould, var. glabrifolium (Nash) Gould & C. A. Clark, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 65: 1120. 1978.Panicum glabrifolium Nash 1897. 
Dichanthelium ensifolium subsp. curtifolium Dichanthelium ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) Gould, subsp. curtifolium (Nash) Freckmann & Lelong, Sida 20: 170. 2002.Panicum curtifolium Nash 1899. 
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. ensifolium Dichanthelium dichotomum (Linnaeus) Gould, var. ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) Gould & C. A. Clark, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 65: 1119. 1978.Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott 1816. 
Panicum austromontanum Panicum austromontanum Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 16: 85. 1900. ALABAMA: Jackson Co.: Sand Mountain, Jun 1899, Ashe s.n. (lectotype: US). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 267. 1910.
Panicum baldwinii Panicum baldwinii Nuttall ex Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 586. 1897. FLORIDA: Without data, Baldwin s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 168. 1910.
Panicum brittonii Panicum brittonii Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 194. 1897. NEW JERSEY: Ocean Co.: Forked River, 29 May-2 Jun 1896, Britton s.n. (holotype: NY).
Panicum chamaelonche Panicum chamaelonche Trinius, Gram. Panic. 242. 1826. "Am. bor.", without data, Enslin s.n. (holotype: LE; isotype: US fragm).
Panicum curtifolium Panicum curtifolium Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 569. 1899. MISSISSIPPI: Jackson Co.: Ocean Springs, 2 May 1898, Nash 4598 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Panicum cuthbertii Panicum cuthbertii Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 15: 48. 1898. SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: St. Helena Island, 1887, Cuthbert s.n. (holotype: NCU; isotype: US fragm).
Panicum dichotomum var. ensifolium Panicum dichotomum Linnaeus, var. ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) C. F. Reed, Phytologia 67: 453. 1989.Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott 1816. 
Panicum earlei Panicum earlei Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 571. 1899. ALABAMA: Lee Co.: Auburn, 7 May 1898, Earle & Baker 1532 (holotype: NY; isotype: US).
Panicum ensifolium var. curtifolium Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott, var. curtifolium (Nash) Lelong, Brittonia 36: 266. 1984.Panicum curtifolium Nash 1899. 
Panicum glabrifolium Panicum glabrifolium Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 196. 1897. FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: Tampa, 20 Aug 1895, Nash 2415a (holotype: NY; isotype: US fragm).
Panicum glabrissimum Panicum glabrissimum Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 15: 62. 1898. NORTH CAROLINA: Dare Co.: Manteo, Jun 1898, Ashe s.n. (lectotype: US; isolectotypes: NY, US). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 265. 1910.
Panicum nitidum var. ensifolium Panicum nitidum Lamarck, var. ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) Vasey, U.S.D.A. Div. Agrost. Bull. 8: 29. 1889.Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott 1816. 
Panicum nitidum var. minor Panicum nitidum Lamarck, var. minor Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 30. 1892. FLORIDA: St. Johns Co.: St. Augustine, Apr 1869, Canby s.n. lectotype: US). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 268. 1910.
Panicum parvipaniculatum Panicum parvipaniculatum Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 16: 87. 1900. NORTH CAROLINA: Onslow Co.: 10-18 mi. E of Jacksonville, 20 May 1899, Ashe s.n. (lectotype: NCU; isotype: US). Lectotypified by Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 265. 1910.
Panicum shallotte Panicum shallotte Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 16: 84. 1900, nom. illegit.Panicum glabrissimum Ashe 1898. 
Panicum ensifolium Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 126. 1816. GEORGIA: Without data, Baldwin s.n. (holotype: CHARL; isotypes: PH, US fragm).
Panicum flavovirens Panicum flavovirens Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 572. 1899. FLORIDA: Lake Co.: "along the edge of road leading to the ford near the J.T. & K.W. R.R. bridge across the Wekiva river", near Eustis, 26-30 Jun 1895, Nash 2061 (holotype: NY).
Panicum vernale Panicum vernale Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 15: 266. 1910. FLORIDA: Columbia Co.: Lake City, 16 Apr 1906, Hitchcock 1020 (holotype: US; isotype: ISC).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Covington, Geneva, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000011284 Mobile 18 Apr 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5359
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
USAM000011288 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7706
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
USAM000011291 Covington 18 Apr 1970 Robert Kral
38753
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
USAM000011293 Mobile 28 Apr 1973 Michael G. LeLong
6980
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
USAM000011287 Mobile 01 Aug 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6689
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
USAM000011285 Mobile 28 Jul 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5466
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
USAM000011286 Mobile 01 Aug 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6699
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
UWAL0044315 Baldwin 24 Apr 1995 Larsen, H.S.
24
UWAL
Dichanthelium ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) Gould
AUA000016372 Baldwin 8 MAY 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
104
AUA
DICHANTHELIUM ENSIFOLIUM (BALDW. EX ELL.) GOULD ssp. ENSIFOLIUM
USAM000011290 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7505
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
USAM000011292 Baldwin 10 Sep 1976 Michael G. LeLong
9506
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
UWAL0019040 Geneva 24 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79077
UWAL
Dichanthelium dichotomum (L.) Gould var. ensifolium (Baldw. ex Ell.) Gould & C.A.Clark
USAM000011289 Baldwin 30 Apr 1977 Michael G. LeLong
9698
USAM
Panicum ensifolium Baldwin ex Elliott
UWAL0038411 Mobile 01 Aug 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6689
UWAL
Dichanthelium ensifolium (Baldwin ex Elliott) Gould
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