Erianthus giganteus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Erianthus giganteus (Walter) P. Beauv.
Common Name:Giant Plume Grass; Sugarcane Plume Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Giant Plume Grass is a native herbaceous perennial in the Grass family (Poaceae). It occurs statewide in Alabama. Giant Plume Grass is one of six species of Saccharum native to Alabama, and is related to cultivated Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). This species is found in wetlands such as beaver ponds, river swamps, wet ditches, and sloughs. Giant Plume Grass is the largest of the Plume Grasses, often reaching a height of ten to twelve feet. It also has the largest panicle of any of the other native species. Each fruit (grain) has a long straight awn up to one inch in length. The ligule (a thin outgrowth between the sheath and blade of the leaf) is pubescent with long hairs. When in flower the panicle is narrow and pinkish. When the fruit mature the panicle is “fluffy” and tan in color. Giant Plume Grass can be grown in any wet spot receiving full sunlight. It is spectacular along the margins of a pond, and can be used as a specimen plant grown with other water-loving natives. It is available from some native plant nurseries, and a selection known as “Red Mountain” has very pink panicles when in flower. --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Erianthus
Species Erianthus giganteus (Walter) P. Beauv. - Giant Plume Grass; Sugarcane Plume Grass

Citation

Citation Erianthus giganteus (Walter) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 14, 151, 177. 1812.
Basionym: Anthoxanthum giganteum Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (neotype: BM). Neotypified by Hitchcock, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 16: 33. 1905; D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 410. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Erianthus giganteus var. compactus    
Erianthus saccharoides    
Saccharum giganteum Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 103. 1805.Anthoxanthum giganteum Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Choctaw, Clay, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1934 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU101701 Calhoun 05 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1e75
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000033527 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Bailee Dykes
109
TROY
Saccharum brevibarbe (Michaux) Persoon
UNA00004363 Macon 24 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6909
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
TROY000029463 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12771
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000043902 Covington 26 Nov 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27094A
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0038957 Covington 14 Sep 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
4903
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walt.) Pers.
AUA000018808 Choctaw 21 SEP 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1214
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
UWAL0039891 Geneva 10 Nov 2016 Byrd, Cameron
590
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UNA00055933 Houston 23 Oct 1994 John R. MacDonald
8113
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
JSU101707 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7173
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
JSU101709 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9300
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0008989 Autauga 18 Oct 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12535
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) Beauv.
UNA00004318 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6955
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
UWAL0038690 Jefferson 06 Oct 2018 England, J. Kevin
9567
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walter) Palisot de Beauvois
TROY000036271 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Bailee Dykes
1387
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0034112 Marion 06 Sep 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14422
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) Beauv.
AUA000019039 Barbour 3 NOV 1980 JACKSON, MIKE
117
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
AUA000019046 Macon 17 NOV 1972 CROUSE, S. P.
132
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
UNA00004328 Montgomery 24 Sep 1978 L. J. Davenport
874
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
AUA000019048 Russell 16 OCT 1980 BOZEMAN, L. L.
108
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
JSU101708 Mobile 03 Oct 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10453
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0008991 Marengo 24 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1208
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) Beauv.
UNA00004323 Elmore 24 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6925
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
UWAL0016860 St. Clair 23 Sep 2014 Davenport, L.J.
5673
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
AUA000019043 Crenshaw 26 NOV 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10121
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
TROY000044133 Geneva 10 Nov 2016 Cameron Byrd
590
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
AUA000018807 Choctaw 21 SEP 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1214
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
UNA00004313 Fayette 22 Sep 1981 L. J. Davenport
2168
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
AUA000019045 Lee 14 NOV 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
TROY000033526 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Bailee Dykes
109
TROY
Saccharum brevibarbe (Michaux) Persoon
JSU101702 Calhoun 05 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1373
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000027371 Tallapoosa 26 Sep 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
388
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000027712 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20092
TROY
Saccharum brevibarbe (Michaux) Persoon
TROY000012632 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18533
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
JSU101703 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7003
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000012637 Monroe 31 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17198
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UNA00050646 Barbour 02 Nov 1997 John R. MacDonald
10929
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
JSU101710 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7321
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0038709 Fayette 19 Oct 2018 England, J. Kevin
9607
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walter) Palisot de Beauvois
TROY000034060 Butler 29 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22675
TROY
Saccharum brevibarbe (Michaux) Persoon
AUA000019047 Pike 19 NOV 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10108
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
TROY000026836 Escambia 20 Nov 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20455
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0036471 Tuscaloosa 30 Sep 2017 England, J. Kevin
8512
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walter) Palisot de Beauvois
UNA00004378 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
TROY000012638 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17171
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UNA00004368 Tuscaloosa 26 Nov 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1212
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
UNA00027262 Hale 25 Sep 1965 Norris H. Williams
131
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
TROY000012633 Coffee 17 Sep 1999 Brian H. Martin
221
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
AUA000019044 Lee 11 NOV 1971 HARPER, DOUGLAS
182
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
JSU101706 Jackson 22 Oct 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2156
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0015640 Lawrence 21 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4558
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
AUA000019041 Conecuh 15 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1800
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
TROY000012635 Geneva 12 Nov 1999 John R. MacDonald
13675
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0032953 Covington 26 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27094.1
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
JSU101704 Etowah 25 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3951
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0010102 Butler 29 Oct 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22675
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers.
TROY000028449 Clay 17 Sep 2005 Robert Kral
96837
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UNA00026496 Wilcox 24 Sep 1994 Michelle Birk
688
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
UWAL0008990 Clay 17 Sep 2005 Kral, R.
96837
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) Beauv.
TROY000029477 Marengo 24 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1208
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000027370 Autauga 18 Oct 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12535
TROY
Saccharum brevibarbe (Michaux) Persoon
AUA000019040 Conecuh 17 DEC 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10128
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
TROY000012634 Dale 21 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
176
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
AUA000019042 Coosa 10 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1387
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
UWAL0019524 Etowah 12 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86823
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walter) Muhl
UWAL0014102 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1387
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UNA00069115 Shelby 18 Oct 2007 D. D. Spaulding
12771
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
UNA00056375 Hale 28 Sep 1995 Michelle Birk
525
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
UWAL0030720 Montgomery 12 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25609
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
AUA000029394 Covington 22 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4534
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
JSU101711 Washington 01 Nov 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
366
JSU
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0008992 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12771
UWAL
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) Beauv.
UNA00004358 Autauga 24 Sep 1934 Roland M. Harper
3272
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
TROY000012636 Houston 10 Sep 1992 John R. MacDonald
5461
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UWAL0009099 Greene 15 Sep 1990 Layman, Steven R.
s.n.
UWAL
Saccharum giganteum (Walt.) Pers.
SAMF0002893 St. Clair 23 Sep 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5673
SAMF
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000041890 Montgomery 12 Oct 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25609
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
TROY000045098 Autauga 11 Nov 2016 Matthew Parker
291
TROY
Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Persoon
UNA00056433 Bibb 16 Nov 1995 Michelle Birk
636
UNA
Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.
AUA000020100 Autauga 18 OCT 2006 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12535
AUA
SACCHARUM GIGANTEUM (WALT.) PERS.
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