Cortaderia selloana

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
Common Name:Pampas Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Pampas Grass is a large introduced ornamental in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to central and southern South America, including the grasslands known as the Pampas located in Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil. In Alabama, it is widely planted and has been reported as escaping in the southern half of the state, particularly near the coast (https://www.se-eppc.org/wildlandweeds/pdf/Winter2010Spring2011-Todia-pp14-15.pdf). It is a serious weed in California, Hawaii, Texas, Australia, New Zealand, and Spain. Pappas Grass is a perennial tussock forming grass. Plants are 6-12 feet in height. The leaves are primarily basal. Leaves are alternate, linear in outline, have parallel veins, and are glabrous. The margins of the leaves are sharply serrate with many small teeth that easily cut flesh. The genus name comes from the Spanish word “cortada”, which translates into “cutting”. Plants are dioecious or sometimes monoecious. Flowers are produced in terminal bushy panicles. The panicles are up to 3 feet in length and are whitish in color. The fruit is a wind dispersed grain with long white hairs. Pampas Grass is a popular ornamental and is readily available in nurseries. It prefers full sun and can tolerate drought and pollution. Plants are also grown commercially for harvesting their panicles for dried flower arrangements. It is however listed as a Category 2 invasive species by the Alabama Invasive Plant Council (https://www.se-eppc.org/alabama/2012-updatedALIPCinvasiveplantlist.pdf), and should be avoided or planted with caution.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Cortaderia
Species Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner - Pampas Grass

Citation

Citation CORTADERIA SELLOANA (Schultes & Schultes f.) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 325. 1900.
Basionym: Arundo dioeca Sprengel 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790.
Type: URUGUAY: Montevideo, s.d., Sellow 396 (holotype: B).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Arundo dioeca Arundo dioeca Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 361. 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790. URUGUAY: Montevideo, s.d., Sellow 396 (holotype: B).
Arundo selloana Arundo selloana Schultes & Schultes f., in Schultes, Mant. 3: 605. 1827.Arundo dioeca Sprengel 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790. 
Cortaderia argentea Cortaderia argentea Stapf, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 22: 396. 1897, nom. illegit.Gynerium argenteum Nees von Esenbeck 1829, nom. illegit.; Arundo selloana Schultes & Schultes f. 1827; Arundo dioecav Sprengel 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790 
Cortaderia dioica Cortaderia dioica Spegazzini, Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 7: 194. 1902, nom. illegit.Arundo selloana Schultes & Schultes f. 1827; Arundo dioeca Sprengel 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790. 
Gynerium argenteum Gynerium argenteum Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2(1): 462. 1829, nom. illegit.Arundo selloana Schultes & Schultes f. 1827; Arundo dioeca Sprengel 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790. 
Gynerium dioicum Gynerium dioicum Dalliere, Pl. Ornam. 1: t. 42. 1873, nom. illegit.Arundo selloana Schultes & Schultes f. 1827; Arundo dioeca Sprengel 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790. 
Gynerium purpureum Gynerium purpureum Carrière, Rev. Hort. 1866: 419. 1866.  
Moorea argentea Moorea argentea Lemaire, Ill. Hort. 2: 14. 1855, nom. illegit.Gynerium argenteum Nees von Esenbeck 1829, nom. illegit.; Arundo selloana Schultes & Schultes f. 1827; Arundo dioecav Sprengel 1825, non Arundo dioica Loureiro 1790. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Geneva, Houston, Lee, Russell

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, TROY, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0002198 Baldwin 30 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13120
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Aschers. & Graebn.
UWAL0039798 Houston 13 Nov 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27719
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
UWAL0033002 Butler 18 Jan 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27147
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
UWAL0039597 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27932
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
UWAL0002823 Geneva 18 Nov 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21712
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
UWAL0002197 Baldwin 30 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13120
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Aschers. & Graebn.
TROY000042316 Geneva 18 Nov 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21712
TROY
Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
TROY000043804 Butler 18 Jan 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27147
TROY
Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
AUA000015955 Lee 21 AUG 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
239
AUA
CORTADERIA SELLOANA (J.A. & J.H. SCHULTES) ASCHERS & GRAEBN.
UWAL0002196 Baldwin 30 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13120
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Aschers. & Graebn.
TROY000045506 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Alvin R. Diamond
27932
TROY
Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
UWAL0042952 Baldwin 21 Sep 2009 Larsen, H.S.
1676
UWAL
Cortaderia selloana (Schlut. & Schult.) Asch. & Graebn.
TROY000044344 Houston 13 Nov 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27719
TROY
Cortaderia selloana (J. A. & J. H. Schultes) Ascherson & Graebner
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