Chloris virgata

Family:POACEAE
Species:Chloris virgata Swartz
Common Name:Feather Windmill Grass; Feather Fingergrass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Feather Windmill Grass is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to tropical and subtropical areas of Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. In Alabama it can be found in scattered areas throughout the state. Feather Windmill Grass grows along roads and railroads, in fallow fields, and in other disturbed habitats. It is a clump forming warm season grass with fibrous roots. Stems are erect or geniculately ascending, sometimes rooting at the lower nodes. The stems are 1-2 feet in height, green in color, and glabrous. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are keeled. Leaves are flat, linear, entire, and glabrous. The ligule is glabrous or ciliate. Flowers are produced in 5-12 digitately arranged erect spikes. The spikes are pale brown or tinged with pink or purple. Spikelets are 2-3 flowered. The glumes are 1-nerved and the upper glume has a long awn. The lemma is ovate-lanceolate in outline and densely covered in silky hairs. The fruit is a grain.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Chloris
Species Chloris virgata Swartz - Feather Windmill Grass; Feather Fingergrass

Citation

Citation CHLORIS VIRGATA Swartz, Fl. Ind. Occ. 1: 203. 1797.
Basionym: **
Type: ANTIGUA: Without data, Swartz s.n. (holotype: S; isotype: BM).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chloris alba var. aristulata Chloris alba J. Presl, var. aristulata Torrey, Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5): 155. 1857. TEXAS
Chloris albertii Chloris albertii Regel, Acta Horti Petrop. 7: 650. 1881. CHINA: Near Takiansi, 24 Aug 1878, Regel s.n. (holotype: LE).
Chloris barbata var. decora Chloris barbata Swartz, var. decora (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Bentham, Fl. Austral. 7: 613. 1878.Chloris decora Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Chloris brachystachys Chloris brachystachys Andersson, in Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6: 556. 1864, nom. illegit.Chloris alba J. Presl 1830. 
Chloris caudata Chloris caudata Trinius, in Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor. 70. 1833. CHINA: Prope Pekinum, 1831, Bunge s.n. (holotype: LE).
Chloris compressa Chloris compressa de Candolle, Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. 94. 1813. Cultivated at Montpellier,
Chloris decora Chloris decora Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 205. 1854. NEPAL: Without data, Royle 87 (holotype: ?; isotype: K).
Chloris elegans Chloris elegans Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 166, pl. 49. 1816. MEXICO: Between Mexico City and Querétaro, Apr, Sep, Humboldt & Bonpland 4194 (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Chloris gabrielae Chloris gabrielae Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85: 368, f. 83. 1915. AUSTRALIA: Queensland: Burke Distr., Flinders River, Feb 1910, Domin s.n. (holotype: PR).
Chloris madagascariensis Chloris madagascariensis Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 206. 1854 MADAGASCAR: Without data, 1848, Le Jolis s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Chloris meccana Chloris meccana Schlechtendal, Linnaea 18: 158. 1844. SAUDI ARABIA: Mecca, s.d., Schimper 802 (holotype: G; isotypes: K, L, US).
Chloris multiradiata Chloris multiradiata Hochstetter, Flora 38: 204. 1855. ETHIOPIA: Without data, Schimper 486 (holotype: STR; isotype: K).
Chloris notocoma Chloris notocoma Hochst., Flora 38: 204. 1855. ETHIOPIA: Without data, Schimper 2125 (holotype: ?; isotype: P).
Chloris polydactyla subsp. multiradiata Chloris polydactyla (Linnaeus) Swartz, subsp. multiradiata (Hochstetter) Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 54. 1903.Chloris multiradiata Hochstetter 1855. 
Chloris pubescens Chloris pubescens Lagasca y Segura, Varied. Ci. 4: 143. 1805. PERU: Without data (holotype: MA; isotypes: G, US(fragm)).
Chloris rogeonii Chloris rogeonii A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 14: 127. 1934. MALI
Chloris tibestica Chloris tibestica Quézel, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 48: 84. 1957.  
Chloris virgata var. elegans Chloris virgata Swartz, var. elegans (Kunth) Stapf, in Harvey & Sonder, Fl. Cap. 7: 642. 1900.Chloris elegans Kunth 1816. 
Agrostomia barbata Agrostomia barbata Cervantes, Naturaleza (Mexico City) 1: 346. 1870. MEXICO: Morelos: Cuernavaca
Chloris alba Chloris alba J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 289. 1830. MEXICO: Without data, Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR; isotype: US(fragm)).
Rabdochloa virgata Rabdochloa virgata (Swartz) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 84, 158, 176. 1812.Chloris virgata Swartz 1797. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Calhoun, Chambers, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2003 - 2013

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00063027 Cullman 10 Aug 2003 D. D. Spaulding
12028
UNA
Chloris virgata Sw.
AUA000033272 Limestone 01 Aug 2015 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
14354
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
UWAL0011892 Hale 30 Aug 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7478
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
AUA000015895 Chambers 30 JUL 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
306
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
UWAL0034187 Lawrence 01 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14349
UWAL
Chloris virgata Sw.
JSU108241 Cullman 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9147
JSU
Chloris virgata Swartz
UNA00065460 Sumter 02 Oct 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12187
UNA
Chloris virgata Sw.
TROY000048245 Dallas 13 Jun 2019 Alvin R. Diamond
28973
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
UWAL0034192 Limestone 01 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14354
UWAL
Chloris virgata Sw.
UWAL0011728 Greene 07 Nov 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6286
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
UWAL0009919 Tuscaloosa 05 Nov 2010 Spaulding, Dan
13304
UWAL
Chloris virgata Sw.
JSU108242 Lawrence 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17938
JSU
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000026693 Sumter 02 Oct 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12186
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
AUA000015898 Crenshaw 14 OCT 1999 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11639
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
AUA000015896 Cullman 10 AUG 2003 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12028
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
AUA000026011 Lawrence 23 AUG 2013 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
4489
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
SAMF0003024 Lawrence 23 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4489
SAMF
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000043537 Lawrence 23 Aug 2013 J. Kevin England
4489
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000040260 Sumter 28 Sep 2012 Brian R. Keener
7557
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000034822 Tuscaloosa 05 Nov 2010 Daniel D. Spaulding
13304
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
AUA000024513 Greene 26 OCT 2007 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12782
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
UWAL0016811 Mobile 08 Nov 2012 Horne, Howard E.
1943
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
UWAL0008831 Morgan 27 Jul 1981 Kral, R.
67577
UWAL
Chloris virgata Sw.
UNA00069118 Greene 26 Oct 2007 D. D. Spaulding
12782
UNA
Chloris virgata Sw.
UWAL0037261 Calhoun 19 Sep 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14728
UWAL
Chloris virgata Sw.
UWAL0039954 Montgomery 28 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27649
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
UWAL0009911 St. Clair 15 Oct 2010 Spaulding, Dan
13296
UWAL
Chloris virgata Sw.
TROY000011807 Dallas 09 Nov 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12574
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000026691 Cullman 10 Aug 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
12028
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000040344 Greene 07 Nov 2010 Brian R. Keener
6286
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
AUA000015897 Lee 6 AUG 1966 HARRIS, JOHN
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
AUA000026016 Greene 7 NOV 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6286
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
UWAL0008830 Greene 26 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12782
UWAL
Chloris virgata Sw.
TROY000044373 Montgomery 28 Aug 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27649
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000041041 Hale 30 Aug 2012 Brian R. Keener
7478
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000034917 St. Clair 15 Oct 2010 Daniel D. Spaulding
13296
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
AUA000027308 St. Clair 15 OCT 2010 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
13296
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
AUA000015899 Mobile 10 OCT 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
49078
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
UWAL0012765 Lawrence 23 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4489
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
UWAL0032247 Cullman 15 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4776
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
UWAL0012513 Marengo 25 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13664
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
UWAL0011963 Sumter 28 Sep 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7557
UWAL
Chloris virgata Swartz
TROY000031435 Chambers 30 Jul 1960 Donald J. Banks
306
TROY
Chloris virgata Swartz
AUA000024453 Sumter 2 OCT 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12186
AUA
CHLORIS VIRGATA SCHWARZ
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