Cenchrus incertus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
Common Name:Coastal Sandbur; Field Sandspur; Coastal Sandspur
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:Ward, D.B. 2010. Keys to the flora of Florida – 26, Cenchrus (Gramineae). Phytologia 92: 442-451.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Cenchrus
Species Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis - Coastal Sandbur; Field Sandspur; Coastal Sandspur

Citation

Citation Cenchrus incertus M. A. Curtis, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 1: 135. 1837.
Basionym: **
Type: NORTH CAROLINA: New Hanover/Brunswick Co.: Near mouth fo Cape Fear River, near Wilmington, s.d., Curtis s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 65. 1920.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cenchrus albertsonii Cenchrus albertsonii Runyon, Amer. J. Bot. 26: 485. 1939. OKLAHOMA: Harper Co.: Without locality, 4 Jul 1937, Runyon 200 (holotype: US).
Cenchrus carolinianus Cenchrus carolinianus Walter, Fl. Carol. 79. 1788, nom. rej. SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: St. Helena Island, 12 Sep 1982, Boufford et al. 23096 (neotype: BM). Neotypified by Reveal, Taxon 39: 353-354. 1990.
Cenchrus humilis Cenchrus humilis Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24: 488. 1927. PERU: Arequipa: Ca. 2 km E of Mollendo, 17 Nov, Hitchcock 22349 (holotype: US).
Cenchrus longispinus Cenchrus longispinus (Hackel) Fernald, Rhodora 45: 388. 1943.Cenchrus echinatus Linnaeus, forma longispinus Hackel 1903. 
Cenchrus muricatus Cenchrus muricatus Philippi, Sert. Mend. Alt. 44. 1870, non Linnaeus 1753. CHILE: Without data, Mendoza 233 (holotype: B; isotypes: BM, SGO(2 shts), US(fragm)).
Cenchrus parviceps Cenchrus parviceps Shinners, Field & Lab 24: 73. 1956. TEXAS: Live Oak Co.: 7 mi. W of Three Rivers, 5 Nov 1953, Shinners 16990 (holotype: SMU).
Cenchrus pauciflorus var. longispinus Cenchrus pauciflorus Bentham, var. longispinus (Hackel) Jansen & Wachter, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 246. 1949.Cenchrus echinatus Linnaeus, forma longispinus Hackel 1903. 
Cenchrus roseus Cenchrus roseus E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 50. 1886. MEXICO: Veracruz:
Cenchrus strictus Cenchrus strictus Chapman, Bot. Gaz. 3: 20. 1878.FLORIDA: Franklin Co.: Apalachicola, 
Cenchrus microcephalus Cenchrus microcephalus Nash ex Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 356. 1917. BAHAMA ISLANDS: Frozen Cay, Berry Islands, 30 Jan 1905, Britton & Millspaugh 2211 (holotype: NY).
Cenchrus pauciflorus Cenchrus pauciflorus Bentham, Bot. Voy. Sulphur 56. 1844. MEXICO: Baja California Sur: Bay of Magdalena, s.d., Barclay s.n. (holotype: K; isotype: US fragm).
Cenchrus spinifex Cenchrus spinifex Cav., Icon. 5: 38, t. 461. 1799. CHILE

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Clarke, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Hale, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Pickens, Pike, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1955 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000011758 Dale 02 Sep 1997 Hannelore Rundell
309
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
AUA000015697 Dallas 3 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
226
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
UWAL0016383 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25222
UWAL
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
TROY000036765 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1238
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UNA00003979 Bibb 23 Jul 1985 Charles N. Horn
703
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
AUA000015699 Lee 23 JUL 1969 FLOYD, JR., JOHN A.
078
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
JSU107464 Jefferson 23 Sep 1984 M. G. Bussey
983
JSU
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
TROY000011762 Mobile 26 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11328
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UWAL0013860 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1238
UWAL
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
AUA000015695 Baldwin 28 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
629
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
UNA00003939 Baldwin _ Jul 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
UWAL0008816 Calhoun 29 Aug 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12521
UWAL
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
AUA000015705 Pike 31 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
555
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
UWAL0037906 Mobile 12 Aug 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6736
UWAL
Cenchurs incertus M.A. Curtis
TROY000040701 Houston 19 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25222
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UWAL0008814 Butler 11 Oct 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20272
UWAL
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
TROY000016687 Butler 11 Oct 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20272
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UNA00068910 Calhoun 29 Aug 2006 D. D. Spaulding
12521
UNA
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
TROY000026375 Hale 22 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11905
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UWAL0034838 Washington 10 Aug 1992 Kral, R.
81315
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus Curtis
TROY000026536 Crenshaw 17 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19785
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UWAL0042913 Baldwin 20 Oct 2000 West, Chan
584
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
UNA00059638 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8028
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
JSU107465 Jefferson 17 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12482
JSU
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
AUA000015701 Lee 19 AUG 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
323
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
UNA00055784 Baldwin 15 May 2002 Brian R. Keener
2058
UNA
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
UNA00003969 Tuscaloosa 13 Jun 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
JSU107463 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
789
JSU
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
TROY000011761 Mobile 26 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11324
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UWAL0045000 Bullock 14 Jul 2017 Trent, John A.
2
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
TROY000011759 Pike 21 Aug 2000 James A. Hall
101
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UWAL0035289 Mobile 19 Aug 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3494
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
UNA00003984 Mobile _ Jul 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
UNA00003974 Baldwin 07 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1463
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
UWAL0016923 Baldwin 14 Jul 2009 England, J. Kevin
2123
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
UWAL0042914 Baldwin 15 Jun 1993 Walker, M.M.
94
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
UWAL0008815 Crenshaw 17 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19785
UWAL
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
AUA000015694 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 OWENS, JAMES R.
068
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
AUA000015702 Montgomery JUL 1904 ANDREWS, ELIZABETH F.
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
UNA00062317 Hale 22 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11905
UNA
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
UWAL0039118 Bullock 18 Jul 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4047
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus M. A. Curtis
TROY000026376 Calhoun 29 Aug 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12521
TROY
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UWAL0044415 Baldwin 15 Jun 1993 Walker, M.M.
100
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus M. A. Curtis
UNA00003994 Pickens 05 Aug 1960 Sidney McDaniel
1979
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
AUA000015700 Lee 12 AUG 1969 REBOIS, R. V.
171
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
AUA000015698 Lee 10 JUL 1958 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
AUA000020085 Conecuh 19 NOV 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16059
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
UNA00053547 Marengo 13 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2426
UNA
Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
JSU107466 Jefferson 12 Oct 1984 J. P. Barber
1227
JSU
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
AUA000015704 Pike 24 JUL 1969 SIMMONDS, E. P.
068
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
AUA000015703 Pike 24 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
380-69
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
UWAL0019665 Crenshaw 20 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87693
UWAL
Cenchrus incertus MA Curtis
JSU107462 Baldwin 15 Jun 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4123
JSU
Cenchrus spinifex Cavanilles
UNA00067978 Baldwin 24 Oct 2007 Cherie Bryant Steakley
1368
UNA
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
AUA000024442 Calhoun 31 DEC 1969 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12521
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
AUA000015696 Clarke 4 NOV 1973 BEDWELL, C. R.
203
AUA
CENCHRUS SPINIFEX CAV.
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