Bromus japonicus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Bromus japonicus Thunberg
Common Name:Japanese Brome; Japanese Chess
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Bromus
Species Bromus japonicus Thunberg - Japanese Brome; Japanese Chess

Citation

Citation BROMUS JAPONICUS Thunberg, in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14. 119. 1784.
Basionym: **
Type: JAPAN: Without data Thunberg s.n. (holotype: UPS).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bromus abolinii Bromus abolinii Drobov, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 40. 1925. KAZAKHSTAN
Bromus arvensis var. japonicus Bromus arvensis Linnaeus, var. japonicus (Thunberg) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149. 1923.Bromus japonicus Thunberg 1784. 
Bromus arvensis var. patulus Bromus arvensis Linnaeus, var. patulus (Mertens &W. D. J. Koch) Mutel, Fl. Franc. 4: 134. 1837.Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch 1823. 
Bromus cyri Bromus cyri Trinius, in C. A. Meyer, Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer. 24. 1831.  
Bromus gedrosianus Bromus gedrosianus Pènzes, Bot. Közlem. 33: 111. 1936. IRAN
Bromus japonicus subsp. phrygius Bromus japonicus Thunberg, subsp. phrygius (Boissier) Pènzes, Bot. Közlem. 33: 117. 1936.Bromus phrygius Boissier 1859. 
Bromus japonicus subsp. sooi Bromus japonicus Thunberg, subsp. sooi Pènzes, Bot. Közlem. 33: 122. 1936.  
Bromus japonicus var. pendulus Bromus japonicus Thunberg, var. pendulus (Schur) Schur ex Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 620. 1901.Bromus pendulus Schur 1866. 
Bromus japonicus var. phrygius Bromus japonicus Thunberg, var. phrygius (Boissier) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 620. 1901.Bromus phrygius Boissier 1859. 
Bromus japonicus var. sooi Bromus japonicus Thunberg, var. sooi (Pènzes) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115. 1972 ("1971").Bromus japonicus Thunberg, subsp. sooi Pènzes 1936. 
Bromus japonicus var. vestitus Bromus japonicus Thunberg, var. vestitus (Schrader) Halacsy, Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 397. 1904.Bromus vestitus Schrader 1821. 
Bromus kochii Bromus kochii C. C. Gmelin, Fl. Bad. 4: 76, t. 6. 1826, nom. illegit.Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch 1823. 
Bromus patulus Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch, in Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3. 1: 685. 1823.  
Bromus patulus subsp. subsquarrosus Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch, subsp. subsquarrosus Borbas, Temesm. Veg. 21. 1924.  
Bromus patulus var. genuinus Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch, var. genuinus Schweinfurth ex Sickenberger, Mém. Inst. Egypt. 4: 311. 1901, nom. inadmiss.Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch 1823. 
Bromus patulus var. vestitus Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch, var. vestitus (Schrader) Stapf, in Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 730. 1900.Bromus vestitus Schrader 1821. 
Bromus pendulus Bromus pendulus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 802. 1866.  
Bromus phrygius Bromus phrygius Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2. 3(4): 140. 1859. TURKEY: Ouchak (Phrygie), 22 Jul 1857, Balansa 1348 (holotype: LE; isotype: US).
Bromus squarrosus var. patulus Bromus squarrosus Linnaeus, var. patulus (Mertens & W. D. J. Koch) Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 602. 1881.Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch 1823. 
Bromus vestitus Bromus vestitus Schrader, Gött. Gel. Anz. 3: 2074. 1821. SOUTH AFRICA
Forasaccus patulus Forasaccus patulus (Mertens & W. D. J. Koch) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 387. 1901.Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch 1823. 
Serrafalcus japonicus Serrafalcus japonicus (Thunberg) Willmott, in Babington, Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 10. 510. 1922.Bromus japonicus Thunberg 1784. 
Serrafalcus patulus Serrafalcus patulus (Mertens &W. D. J. Koch) Parlatore, Fl. Ital. 1: 394. 1848.Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch 1823. 
Bromus japonicus var. porrectus Bromus japonicus Thunberg, var. porrectus Hackel, Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 58. 1903.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Coffee, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Limestone, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1955 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU107234 Calhoun 26 May 1996 S. E. Hruska
1283
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107242 Jackson 26 May 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1836
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UNA00003922 Tuscaloosa 25 May 1955 O. D. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
JSU107232 Calhoun 16 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
3863
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107381 St. Clair 22 Jun 1969 Jerry Ellard
s.n.
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107256 Marshall 02 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4178
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107238 DeKalb 09 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8486
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UWAL0031761 Coffee 05 May 1987 Kral, R.
73959
UWAL
Bromus japonicus Thunb.
UNA00066743 Monroe 06 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16350
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
JSU107258 Morgan 31 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3040
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107227 Bibb 07 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1976
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UWAL0038510 Monroe 16 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7094
UWAL
Bromus japonicus Thunb.
TROY000011738 Montgomery 09 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16362
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107259 Randolph 15 May 1988 C. F. Nixon
3837
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107246 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1506
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107240 Franklin 06 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4458
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107250 Lawrence 23 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2825
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UWAL0036683 Walker 27 May 2017 England, J. Kevin
7823
UWAL
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107386 Winston 02 Jun 1974 T. A. Atkinson
290
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107239 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1314
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107255 Marshall 21 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1793
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UNA00058952 Blount 10 May 1999 R. Kral
88276
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
JSU107245 Jefferson 18 May 1984 J. P. Barber
467
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107257 Marshall 02 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4178
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107384 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4700
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UNA00066748 Wilcox 06 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16355
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
JSU107231 Blount 28 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4025
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU145729 Calhoun 29 May 1998 F. Hutchinson
2600
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UWAL0032949 Lawrence 02 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2064
UWAL
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011740 Wilcox 06 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16355
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107247 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1502
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107252 Lawrence 06 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4391
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011734 Pike 17 Apr 1997 Andrew Dickinson
4
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107249 Lawrence 23 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2825
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UNA00059093 Calhoun 23 May 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11303
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
JSU107229 Blount 10 May 1999 R. Kral
88726
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107228 Bibb 23 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
785
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011736 Dale 19 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
679
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107235 Calhoun 31 May 1987 C. L. Lawler
1622
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107383 Talladega 01 Jul 1992 J. M. Ballard
264
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107248 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1506
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107241 Franklin 06 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4458
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107253 Lawrence 23 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3126
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011735 Crenshaw 15 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16521
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107233 Calhoun 26 Jun 1996 S. E. Hruska
1347
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107385 Walker 24 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
795
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UNA00023527 Tuscaloosa 02 Jun 1955 O. D. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
JSU107382 Talladega 01 Jul 1993 J. M. Ballard
2846
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107260 St. Clair 22 Jun 1969 Jerry Ellard
s.n.
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU142761 Calhoun 24 May 1993 J. M. Ballard
2736
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107387 Winston 07 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4503
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107254 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17799
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011733 Butler 18 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17419
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107230 Blount 28 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4025
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000044518 Franklin 14 May 2014 J. Kevin England
4849
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UWAL0014363 Franklin 16 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4849
UWAL
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011737 Monroe 06 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16350
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107244 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1502
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107251 Lawrence 06 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4391
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011732 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17430
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107236 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4803
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UNA00053806 Blount 13 May 1997 Brian R. Keener
153
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
TROY000045818 Lawrence 10 May 2013 J. Kevin England
4222
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UWAL0014380 Lawrence 10 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4222
UWAL
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000026342 Calhoun 23 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11303
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000045102 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Matthew Parker
569
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107243 Jefferson 18 May 1984 J. P. Barber
467
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107388 Winston 06 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4281
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
TROY000011739 Montgomery 22 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14346
TROY
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
JSU107237 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
2803
JSU
Bromus japonicus Thunberg
UNA00054653 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Brian R. Keener
978
UNA
Bromus japonicus Thunb. ex Murr.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: