Bromus commutatus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Bromus commutatus Schrader
Common Name:Meadow Brome; Hairy Chess
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, GNR (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Bromus
Species Bromus commutatus Schrader - Meadow Brome; Hairy Chess

Citation

Citation BROMUS COMMUTATUS Schrader, Fl. Germ. 353. 1806.
Basionym: **
Type: GERMANY

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Brachypodium commutatum Brachypodium commutatum (Schrader) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 101, 155. 1812.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 
Bromus erectus var. hackelii Bromus erectus Hudson, var. hackelii Borbás, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135. 1882.Bromus pannonicus Hackel 1879, non Kummer & Sendtner 1849. 
Bromus gaudinii Bromus gaudinii Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 6   SWITZERLAND
Bromus hordaceus var. pratensis Bromus hordaceus Linnaeus, var. pratensis (F. W. Schultz) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149. 1923.Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz, var. pratensis F. W. Schultz; Bromus pratensis Ehrhart ex Hoffmann 1800, non Lamarck 1785. 
Bromus hordaceus var. commutatus Bromus hordaceus Linnaeus, var. commutatus (Schrader) Fiori, Nouv. Fl. Italia 1: 149. 1923.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 
Bromus mollis var. commutatus Bromus mollis Linnaeus, var. commutatus (Schrader) Sanio, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 23(Abh.): 31. 1882.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806.  
Bromus mutabilis var. commutatus Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz, var. commutatus (Schrader) F. W. Schultz, Flora 32: 234. 1849, nom. illegit.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 
Bromus mutabilis var. pratensis Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz, var. pratensis F. W. Schultz, Flora 32: 234. 1849.Bromus pratensis Ehrhart ex Hoffmann 1800, non Lamarck 1785. 
Bromus pannonicus Bromus pannonicus Hackel, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 209. 1879, non Kummer & Sendtner 1849. HUNGARY
Bromus pratensis Bromus pratensis Ehrhart ex Hoffmann, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3. 2: 52. 1800, non Lamarck 1785.  
Bromus racemosus subsp. commutatus Bromus racemosus Linnaeus, subsp. commutatus (Schrader) Tourlet, Cat. Pl. Vasc. Indre-et-Loire 588. 1908.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 
Bromus racemosus var. commutatus Bromus racemosus Linnaeus, var. commutatus (Schrader) Cosson, in Durieu de Maisonnueve, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 165. 1855.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 
Bromus secalinus var. gladewitzii Bromus secalinus Linnaeus, var. gladewitzii Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 24. 1926. MICHIGAN: St. Clair Co.: Edgewater Park at Algonac, 17 Jun 1925, Farwell 7434 (lectotype: BLH; isolectotype: MICH). Lectotypified by McVaugh et al., Cranbrook Inst. Sci. Bull. 34: 25. 1953.
Bromus secalinus subsp. commutatus Bromus secalinus Linnaeus, subsp. commutatus (Schrader) Lloret, Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 22: 151. 1993.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806.  
Forasaccus commutatus Forasaccus commutatus (Schrader) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 387. 1901.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 
Serrafalcus commutatus Serrafalcus commutatus (Schrader) Babington, Man. Brit. Bot. 374. 1843.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 
Serrafalcus racemosus var. commutatus Serrafalcus racemosus (Linnaeus) Parlatore, var. commutatus (Schrader) Husnot, Graminees 3: 72. 1898.Bromus commutatus Schrader 1806. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Coffee, Colbert, Crenshaw, Cullman, Elmore, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Henry, Houston, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Morgan, St. Clair

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1967 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU107217 Limestone 29 May 1997 T. L. Hofmann
510
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107215 Lawrence 18 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17614
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0032219 St. Clair 03 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4568
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0012746 Marengo 01 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3502
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
TROY000037611 Bullock 21 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
374
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
AUA000015522 Crenshaw 21 MAY 1970 MONTGOMERY, JOHN
306
AUA
BROMUS COMMUTATUS SCHRAD.
TROY000039499 Elmore 23 Mar 2012 Robert Pullen
345
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0015934 Bullock 06 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0602
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UNA00003986 Greene 25 Apr 1967 H. Naugle
G 241
UNA
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
TROY000026330 Calhoun 23 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11304
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
AUA000015523 Cullman 14 MAY 1966 GASSER, O. D.
AUA
BROMUS COMMUTATUS SCHRAD.
JSU107221 Marshall 13 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1602
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
AUA000028326 Lowndes 10 MAY 2007 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
17523
AUA
BROMUS COMMUTATUS SCHRAD.
JSU107211 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1313
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107216 Limestone 02 Jun 1997 T. L. Hofmann
576
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0018218 Colbert 20 May 1993 Kral, R.
82339
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
UWAL0014937 Bullock 21 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0374
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0008809 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Kral, R.
96141
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
TROY000026329 Blount 24 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
840
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
AUA000015524 20 APR 1922 JOHNSTONE, G. R.
AUA
BROMUS COMMUTATUS SCHRAD.
TROY000026530 Henry 01 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19118
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
TROY000041992 Houston 07 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26311
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UNA00059092 Calhoun 23 May 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11304
UNA
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
JSU107214 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16175
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107220 Marshall 10 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1567
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107222 Morgan 30 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2917
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0037696 Mobile 16 Jun 1969 Lelong, G. Michel
5125
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
UWAL0010975 Coffee 05 Apr 2007 Kral, R.
97874
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
AUA000015525 Lee 1 JUN 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
BROMUS COMMUTATUS SCHRAD.
UNA00054118 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
845
UNA
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
JSU107209 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13551
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0032950 Lawrence 02 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2067
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107212 Etowah 28 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4080
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0034846 Madison 19 May 1995 Kral, R.
84673
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UNA00059918 Limestone 26 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8944
UNA
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
UWAL0008808 Butler 10 May 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17523
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
JSU107213 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16187
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107219 Madison 11 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8344
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107223 Morgan 30 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2917
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107210 Etowah 11 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1441
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107218 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17805
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UNA00069295 Butler 10 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17523
UNA
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
JSU107224 St. Clair 05 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13058
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
TROY000038236 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
602
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
TROY000045245 Autauga 11 May 2017 Matthew Parker
748
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
TROY000026532 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Robert Kral
96141
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
JSU107208 Bibb 13 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
344
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
TROY000026529 Butler 10 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17523
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UNA00058432 Blount 24 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
840
UNA
Bromus commutatus Schrad.
JSU107207 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13445
JSU
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0014364 Franklin 16 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4850
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
UWAL0032151 Houston 07 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26311
UWAL
Bromus commutatus Schrader
TROY000026331 Franklin 28 May 1972 Robert Kral
46814
TROY
Bromus commutatus Schrader
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