Bothriochloa laguroides var. torreyana

Family:POACEAE
Species:Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter var. torreyana (Steud.) M. Marchi & Longhi-Wagner
Common Name:Silver Beardgrass; Sliver Bluestem
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Silver Beardgrass is an introduced perennial in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to the mid- and southwestern United States from Missouri and Louisiana west to Utah and Arizona. It Alabama in occurs most frequently in areas underlain by limestone such as the Black Belt region and Tennessee Valley. It occurs in prairies, in pastures, and along roadsides. It is a perennial clump forming warm season grass. Stems are erect to geniculate at the base and from 1-3 feet in height. The stems are often branched with nodes that are hirsute to glabrous. Leaves are mostly basal, those on the stems few and reduced in size. They are linear, glaucous, and glabrous. Flowers are produced in terminal panicles held well above the foliage. The panicles are hairy with silvery white to light tan hairs. The fruit is a grain with a long awn. Silver Beardgrass is sometimes planted as a warm season forage grass for livestock. It is also sometimes cultivated in gardens for its showy fruit.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Bothriochloa
Species Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter var. torreyana (Steud.) M. Marchi & Longhi-Wagner - Silver Beardgrass; Sliver Bluestem

Citation

Citation Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter, var. torreyana (Steud.) M. Marchi & Longhi-Wagner, Bol. Inst. Bioci. Univ. Fed. Rio Grande do Sul 57: 52, f. 6, 19. 1998.
Basionym: Andropogon torreyanus Steudel 1840; Andropogon glaucus Torrey 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817.
Type: OKLAHOMA: "Indian Territory", on the Canadian River, 1819-1820, James s.n. (holotype: NY).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andropogon hassleri var. aristatus Andropogon hassleri Hackel, var. aristatus Hackel, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 6: 341. 1909. PARAGUAY: Gran Chaco: Pilcomayo River, s.d., Rojas 448a (holotype: G?; isotype: US fragm).
Amphilophis torreyanus Amphilophis torreyanus (Steudel) Nash, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 71. 1901.Andropogon torreyanus Steudel 1840; Andropogon glaucus Torrey 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817. 
Andropogon glaucus Andropogon glaucus Torrey, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 50: 153. 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817. OKLAHOMA: "Indian Territory", on the Canadian River, 1819-1820, James s.n. (holotype: NY).
Andropogon jamesii Andropogon jamesii Torrey, in Marcy, Explor. Red. River Louisiana 170. 1853, nom. illegit.Andropogon torreyanus Steudel 1840; Andropogon glaucus Torrey 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817. 
Andropogon saccharoides var. glaucus Andropogon saccharoides Swartz, var. glaucus Lamson-Scribner, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 28. 1894, nom. illegit.Andropogon saccharoides Swartz, var. torreyanus Hackel 1889; Andropogon torreyanus Steudel 1840; Andropogon glaucus Torrey 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817. 
Andropogon saccharoides var. pulvinatus Andropogon saccharoides Swartz, var. pulvinatus Gould, Madroño 14: 25. 1957. MEXICO: Coahuila: Rancho Sierra Hermosa, 25 Jun 1952, Gould 6467 (holotype: TAES; isotype: US).
Andropogon torreyanus Andropogon torreyanus Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 93. 1840.Andropogon glaucus Torrey 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817. 
Bothriochloa laguroides var. torreyana Bothriochloa laguroides (de Candolle) Herter, var. torreyana (Steudel) Marchi & Longhi-Wagner, Bol. Inst. Bioci. Univ. Fed. Rio Grande do Sul 57: 52. 1998.Andropogon torreyanus Steudel 1840; Andropogon glaucus Torrey 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817. 
Bothriochloa saccharoides ssp. torreyana Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould, Syst. Bot. 8: 179. 1983.Andropogon torreyanus Steudel 1840; Andropogon glaucus Torrey 1824, non Retzius 1789, nec Muhlenberg 1817 
Bothriochloa saccharoides var. pulvinata Bothriochloa saccharoides (Swartz) Rydberg, var. pulvinata (Gould) Gould, Southw. Naturalist 3: 212. 1959.Andropogon saccharoides Swartz, var. pulvinata Gould 1957. 
Andropogon saccharoides var. torreyanus    
Bothriochloa saccharoides    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Clay, Cleburne, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Etowah, Greene, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 2002

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU116349 Limestone 27 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17911
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
JSU106608 Etowah 25 Sep 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4515
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UWAL0019860 Morgan 27 Jun 1986 Kral, R.
73552
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC) Herter
UNA00059353 St. Clair 19 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11408
UNA
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter subsp. torreyana (Steud.) Allred & Gould
AUA000036730 Covington 21 Oct 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4474
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA LAGUROIDES (DC.) HERTER ssp. TORREYANA (STEUD.) ALLRED & GOULD
UWAL0014222 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0800
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
JSU116350 Marshall 27 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
1006
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015378 Henry 23 OCT 1973 BOSTICK, J. P.
281
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
TROY000042317 Russell 05 Oct 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23480
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015380 Lowndes 27 SEP 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3661
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
JSU106606 Clay 11 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5214
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UWAL0032842 Lawrence 20 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5190
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UNA00059341 Etowah 29 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11423
UNA
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter subsp. torreyana (Steud.) Allred & Gould
TROY000011694 Montgomery 29 Aug 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12025
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015381 Macon 20 JUN 1973 OWEN, J. T.
031
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
AUA000015376 Conecuh 19 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5047
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
UNA00059002 Pike 06 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13260
UNA
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter
UWAL0015222 Talladega 19 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3966
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steud.) Allred & Gould
SAMF0001261 Calhoun 06 Aug 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3521
SAMF
Bothriochloa laguroides (A. P. de Candolle) Herter spp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UNA00054388 Blount 21 Jun 1998 Brian R. Keener
1079
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb.
UNA00003883 Hale 07 Oct 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1229
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb. var. torreyana (Steud.) Gould
UNA00058915 Lawrence 15 Aug 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10315
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb.
TROY000037212 Marengo 11 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3637
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
JSU106607 Cleburne 01 Oct 1996 S. E. Hruska
1487
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
TROY000026410 Etowah 29 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11423
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015382 Marshall 7 AUG 1967 TEEM, DAVID H.
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
UNA00003873 Marengo 18 Jun 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1719
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb. var. torreyana (Steud.) Gould
UNA00003395 Lawrence 23 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41275
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb.
UWAL0011172 Marengo 11 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3637
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
JSU106609 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
888
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015384 Pike 28 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5128
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
TROY000011692 Bullock 19 Jun 1978 Robert Kral
62081
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
JSU116351 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13638
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
TROY000038635 Bullock 24 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
800
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A. P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UNA00003893 Greene 17 Sep 1965 H. Naugle
G-32
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb. var. torreyana (Steud.) Gould
UWAL0032853 Lawrence 10 Oct 2005 England, J. Kevin
6866
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
SAMF0001266 Jefferson 21 Sep 2010 LeCroy, K.
6a
SAMF
Bothriochloa laguroides (A. P. de Candolle) Herter spp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
TROY000011693 Crenshaw 08 Nov 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11535
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
TROY000026411 St. Clair 19 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11408
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015375 Bullock 19 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5053
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
UNA00003888 Sumter 31 Jul 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1756
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb. var. torreyana (Steud.) Gould
JSU106603 Calhoun 05 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1322
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UWAL0008800 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, R.
96716
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter
JSU106605 Calhoun 24 Jun 1985 Jean Johnson
7
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
TROY000035613 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23378
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UWAL0035219 Madison 02 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7913
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
TROY000011695 Pike 06 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13260
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
UNA00054494 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1728
UNA
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter subsp. torreyana (Steud.) Allred & Gould
UNA00064031 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19584
UNA
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC.) Herter subsp. torreyana (Steud.) Allred & Gould
UNA00003817 Hale 30 Jun 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
338
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb.
JSU116352 Talladega 16 Jul 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4182
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015379 Lee 29 AUG 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
349
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
UWAL0019167 Bullock 06 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86430
UWAL
Bothriochloa laguroides (DC) Herter
TROY000026862 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Robert Kral
96716
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
AUA000015383 Montgomery 8 AUG 1960 BANKS, DONALD J.
315
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
AUA000015377 Crenshaw 24 OCT 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7179
AUA
BOTHRIOCHLOA SACCHAROIDES (SW.) RYDB.
UNA00056777 Bibb 07 Sep 1992 James R. Allison
7145
UNA
Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb.
TROY000011473 Lawrence 15 Aug 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10315
TROY
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter
JSU106604 Calhoun 24 Jun 1985 Jean Johnson
7
JSU
Bothriochloa laguroides (A.P. de Candolle) Herter ssp. torreyana (Steudel) Allred & Gould
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