Arthraxon hispidus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
Common Name:Small Carp Grass; Joint Head
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Small Carp Grass is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to East Asia, from Russia to India. In Alabama in can be found in the northern two-thirds of the state. Small Carp Grass grows around ponds and lakes, along streams and rivers, in wet roadside ditches, in swamps, and in low woods. It is an annual with creeping to semi-erect stems that root from the lower nodes. The stems are up to 1.5 feet in length, green to reddish purple in color, and glabrous. Leaves are alternate, ovate to lanceolate in outline, with cordate bases. The leaves are pubescent and scabrous along the margins. The leaf sheath is long pubescent with stiff, erect hairs. Flowers are produced in sessile spikelets arranged in terminal and axillary racemes or panicles. The rachis is jointed with joints shorter than the spikelets. The glumes are nearly equal, strongly keeled, and have pustular based hairs along the veins. The fruit is a grain. Small Carp Grass is listed as an invasive species in several Northeastern and mid-Atlantic states.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Arthraxon
Species Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino - Small Carp Grass; Joint Head

Citation

Citation ARTHRAXON HISPIDUS (Thunberg) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 214. 1912.
Basionym: Phalaris hispida Thunberg 1784.
Type: JAPAN: Without data, Thunberg 1776 (holotype: UPS).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Alectoridia quartiniana Alectoridia quartiniana A. Richard, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 448, pl. 99. 1850. ETHIOPIA: Adoua (Adwa), s.d., Dillon s.n. (holotype: P).
Andropogon alectoridia Andropogon alectoridia A. Richard ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 383. 1854.Alectoridia quartiniana A. Richard 1850. 
Andropogon amplexifolius Andropogon amplexifolius Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 274. 1832, nom. illegit.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius 1820. 
Andropogon ciliaris Andropogon ciliaris (Palisot de Beauvois) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 307. 1825.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Andropogon cuspidatus Andropogon cuspidatus Hochstetter ex A. Richard, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 456. 1850. ETHIOPIA: Dscheladscheranne, s.d., Schimper 1438 (holotype: P).
Andropogon lasiocoleos Andropogon lasiocoleos Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 383. 1854. JAPAN: Without data, Zollinger 42 (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Welzen, Blumea 27: 269. 1981.
Andropogon micans Andropogon micans (Nees von Esenbeck) Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 382. 1854.Batratherum micans Nees von Esenbeck 1835. 
Andropogon nudus Andropogon nudus Nees ex Esenbeck ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 383. 1854. BURMA
Andropogon submuticus Andropogon submuticus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 382. 1854. NEPAL: Without data, Wallich 8836 (holotype: BM; isotypes: K, W).
Arthraxon ciliaris Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 111, pl. 11(6). 1812.  
Arthraxon ciliaris var. hookeri   Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. hookeri Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 357. 1889.
Arthraxon ciliaris subsp. langsdorffii Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. langsdorffii (Trinius) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 354. 1889.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius 1820. 
Arthraxon ciliaris subsp. nudus Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. nudus (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 356. 1889.Andropogon nudus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon ciliaris subsp. quartiniana Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. quartiniana (A. Richard) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 356. 1889.Alectoridia quartiniana A. Richard 1850. 
Arthraxon ciliaris subsp. submuticus Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. submuticus (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 356. 1889.Andropogon submuticus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon ciliaris subsp. vriesii Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. vriesii (Büse) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 358. 1889.Lucaea vriesii Büse 1854. 
Arthraxon ciliaris var. australis Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. australis Bentham, Fl. Austral. 7: 524. 1878. AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: New England, s.d., Stuart s.n. (holotype: K).
Arthraxon ciliaris var. centrasiaticus Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. centrasiaticus (Grisebach) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 355. 1889.Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach 1853. 
Arthraxon ciliaris var. coloratus Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. coloratus (Hochstetter) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 357. 1889, nom. illegit.Pleuroplitis quartiniana (A. Richard) Regel, var. tenella Regel 1866; Arthraxon coloratus Hochstetter 1856. 
Arthraxon ciliaris var. genuinus Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. genuinus Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 355. 1889, nom. inadmiss.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Arthraxon ciliaris var. glabrescens Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. glabrescens Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 357. 1889. INDIA/NEPAL:
Arthraxon ciliaris var. gracilis Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. gracilis (Kunth) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 355. 1889.Lucaea gracilis Kunth 1831. 
Arthraxon ciliaris var. quartiniana Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. quartiniana (A. Richard) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 356. 1889.Alectoridia quartiniana A. Richard 1850. 
Arthraxon ciliaris var. tenellus Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. tenellus Bentham, Fl. Austral. 7: 524. 1978. AUSTRALIA: Queensland: Tawomba (Toowoomba), s.d., Bailey s.n. (holotype: K).
Arthraxon coloratus Arthraxon coloratus Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856. ETHIOPIA: Dschadscha, 1853, Schimper 1532 (holotype: STR).
Arthraxon cryptatherus Arthraxon cryptatherus Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 301. 1925.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. cryptatherus Hackel 1889, nom. illegit.; Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. submutica Regel 1866. 
Arthraxon gracilis Arthraxon gracilis (Kunth) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856.Lucaea gracilis Kunth 1831. 
Arthraxon hispidus subsp. caucasicus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, subsp. caucasicus (Ruprecht ex Regel) Tzvelev, Zlaki SSSR 706. 1976.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. caucasica Ruprecht ex Regel 1866. 
Arthraxon hispidus subsp. centrasiaticus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, subsp. centrasiaticus (Grisebach) Tzvelev, Zlaki SSSR 705. 1976; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 14: 233. 1977.Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach 1853. 
Arthraxon hispidus subsp. ciliaris Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, subsp. ciliaris (Palisot de Beauvois) Masamune & Yanagihara, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 31: 326. 1941.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Arthraxon hispidus subsp. langsdorffii Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, subsp. langsdorffii (Trinius) Tzvelev, Zlaki SSSR 705. 1976.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius 1820. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. brevisetus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. brevisetus (Regel) H. Hara, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 52: 186. 1937.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. breviseta Regel 1866. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. centrasiaticus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. centrasiaticus (Grisebach) Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 278. 1925.Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach 1853. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. ciliaris Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. ciliaris (Palisot de Beauvois) Koidzumi, Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat. 71. 1930.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. hispidissimus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. hispidissimus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 698. 1935. JAPAN: Kyushu: Higo Prov.: Kugino, 1934, Takahashi 42 (holotype: TI).
Arthraxon hispidus var. hookeri Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. hookeri (Hackel) Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 329. 1930.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. hookeri Hackel 1889. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. japonicus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. japonicus (Regel) Hackel ex T. Mori, Enum. Pl. Corea 38. 1922.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. japonica Regel 1866. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. microphyllus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. microphyllus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 45: 43. 1931. JAPAN: Honshu: Suruga Prov.: Gotemba, 1930, Tsukamoto s.n. (holotype: TI).
Arthraxon hispidus var. monticola Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. monticola Hiyama, J. Jap. Bot. 22: 56. 1948. JAPAN: Hondo: Kodyuke Prov.: Sukao, s.d., Hiyama s.n. (holotype: MAK?).
Arthraxon hispidus var. muticus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. muticus (Honda) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 173. 1942.Arthraxon pauciflorus Honda, var. muticus Honda 1925. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. nudus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. nudus (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Ohwi, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 1. 1947.Andropogon nudus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon hispidus var. vriesii Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. vriesii (Büse) Ohwi, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 1. 1947.Lucaea vriesii Büse 1854. 
Arthraxon hookeri Arthraxon hookeri (Hackel) Henrard, Blumea 4: 526. 1941.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. hookeri Hackel 1889. 
Arthraxon inermis Arthraxon inermis Hooker f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 145. 1896. INDIA: Deccan, s.d., Woodrow 189 (holotype: K).
Arthraxon japonicus Arthraxon japonicus Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 288. 1866, nom. illegit.Andropogon lasiocoleos Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon kobuna Arthraxon kobuna Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 697. 1935. JAPAN: Kyushu: Higo Prov.: Nishize, 1929, Mayebara 349 (holotype: TI).
Arthraxon langsdorffii var. cryptatherus Arthraxon langsdorffii (Trinius) Hochstetter, var. cryptatherus (Koidzumi) Roshevitz, in Komarov, Fl. URSS 2: 14. 1934, nom. illegit.Arthraxon cryptatherus Koidzumi 1925; Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. cryptatherus Hackel 1889, nom. illegit.; Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. submutica Regel 1889. 
Arthraxon langsdorffii var. submuticus Arthraxon langsdorffii (Trinius) Hochstetter, var. submuticus (Regel) Grossheim, Trudy Bot. Inst. (Baku) 8: 117. 1939.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. submutica Regel 1866. 
Arthraxon major Arthraxon major (Hochstetter ex Steudel) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856.Lucaea major Hochstetter ex Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon micans Arthraxon micans (Nees von Esenbeck) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856.Batratherum micans Nees von Esenbeck 1835. 
Arthraxon nitidulus Arthraxon nitidulus Stapf ex Bor, Grasses Burma 101, 688. 1960. INDIA: Bombay: Belgaum, s.d., Ritchie 796a (holotype: K).
Arthraxon nudus Arthraxon nudus (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856.Andropogon nudus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon okamotoi Arthraxon okamotoi Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 165. 1942. TAIWAN: Kaohsiung, Chishan, s.d., Okamoto s.n. (holotype: KYO).
Arthraxon pallidus Arthraxon pallidus Henrard, Blumea 4: 526. 1941. NEW GUINEA: Morobe Distr.: Sattelberg, 20 Nov 1935, Clemens & Clemens s.n. (holotype: L).
Arthraxon plumbeus Arthraxon plumbeus (Nees von Esenbeck ex Arnott) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 189. 1856.Pleuroplitis plumbea Nees von Esenbeck ex Arnott 1835. 
Arthraxon schimperi Arthraxon schimperi Hochstetter, Flora 39: 189. 1856, nom. illegit.Alectoridia quartiniana A. Richard 1850. 
Arthraxon violaceus Arthraxon violaceus (Steudel) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 189. 1856.Lucaea violaceus Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon antsirabensis Arthraxon antsirabensis A. Camus, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 95: 149. 1948. MADAGASCAR
Arthraxon breviaristatus Arthraxon breviaristatus Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 350. 1889. CHINA/INDIA
Arthraxon caucasicus Arthraxon caucasicus (Ruprecht ex Regel) Tzvelev, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk. S.S.S.R. 22: 55. 1963.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. caucasica Ruprecht ex Regel 1866. 
Arthraxon centrasiaticus Arthraxon centrasiaticus (Grisebach) Gamajunova, Opred. Zlakov. Kazakhst. 10. 1948.Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach 1853. 
Arthraxon cryptatherus subsp. centrasiaticus Arthraxon cryptatherus Koidzumi, subsp. centrasiaticus (Grisebach) Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 301. 1925.Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach 1853. 
Arthraxon cryptatherus subsp. submuticus Arthraxon cryptatherus Koidzumi, subsp. submuticus (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 301. 1925.Andropogon submuticus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon cryptatherus var. ciliaris Arthraxon cryptatherus Koidzumi, var. ciliaris (Palisot de Beauvois) Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 301. 1925.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Arthraxon cuspidatus Arthraxon cuspidatus (Hochstetter ex A. Richard) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856.Andropogon cuspidatus Hochstetter ex A. Richard 1850. 
Arthraxon cuspidatus var. genuinus Arthraxon cuspidatus (Hochstetter ex A. Richard) Hochstetter, var. genuinus Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 353. 1889.Arthraxon cuspidatus (Hochstetter ex A. Richard) Hochstetter 1856; Andropogon cuspidatus Hochstetter ex A. Richard 1850. 
Arthraxon cuspidatus var. micans Arthraxon cuspidatus (Hochstetter ex A. Richard) Hochstetter, var. micans (Nees von Esenbeck) Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 353. 1889. Batratherum micans Nees von Esenbeck 1835.
Arthraxon langsdorffii Arthraxon langsdorffii (Trinius) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius 1820. 
Arthraxon langsdorffii var. centrasiaticus Arthraxon langsdorffii (Trinius) Hochstetter, var. centrasiaticus (Grisebach) Roshevitz, in Komarov, Fl. URSS 2: 14. 1934.Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach 1853. 
Arthraxon lasiocoleos Arthraxon lasiocoleos (Steudel) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 189. 1856.Andropogon lasiocoleos Steudel 1854. 
Arthraxon mauritianus Arthraxon mauritianus Stapf ex C. E. Hubbard, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1939: 653. 1940. MAURITIUS: Mount Ponce, near the summit and at Chateau d'Eau, Apr 1857, Ayres 47 (holotype: K).
Arthraxon pauciflorus Arthraxon pauciflorus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 276. 1925. TAIWAN: Kotosho Island, 1924, Sasaki 22 (holotype: TI).
Arthraxon pauciflorus var. muticus Arthraxon pauciflorus Honda, var. muticus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 277. 1925. TAIWAN: Kotosho Island, 1924, Sasaki 28 (holotype: TI).
Arthraxon quartinianus Arthraxon quartinianus (A. Richard) Nash, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 17: 99. 1912.Alectoridia quartiniana A. Richard 1850. 
Arthraxon quartinianus subsp. vriesii Arthraxon quartinianus (A. Richard) Nash, subsp. vriesii (Büse) Henrard, Blumea 4: 525. 1941.Lucaea vriesii Büse 1854. 
Arthraxon quartinianus var. glabrescens Arthraxon quartinianus (A. Richard) Nash, var. glabrescens (Hackel) S. K. Jain, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 51: 180. 1972.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. glabrescens Hackel 1889. 
Arthraxon quartinianus var. monostachys Arthraxon quartinianus (A. Richard) Nash, var. monostachys Jansen, Reinwardtia 2: 231. 1953. INDONESIA: Lesser Sunda Islands: Lombok Island, Rindjani Volcano, N side, Putihdal, Barranco of Rindjani-caldeira, s.d., Elbert 1194 (holotype: L).
Arthraxon quartinianus var. montanus Arthraxon quartinianus (A. Richard) Nash, var. montanus Jacques-Felix, Gram. Afr. Trop. 1: 292, pl. 229. 1962. CAMEROON: Mount Bamboutos, s.d., Jacques-Felix 2775 (holotype: P).
Arthraxon satarensis Arthraxon satarensis Almeida, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 66: 515. 1969. INDIA: Satara: Keshyaturda, s.d., McCann 8 (holotype: BLAT).
Arthraxon submuticus Arthraxon submuticus (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Hochstetter, Flora 39: 188. 1856.Andropogon submuticus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Batratherum micans Batratherum micans Nees von Esenbeck, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 18: 182. 1835. INDIA
Batratherum submuticum Batratherum submuticum (Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel) Nees von Esenbeck ex W. Watson, in Atkinson, Gazetteer N.W. Prov. Ind. 10: 392, 638. 1882.Andropogon submuticus Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. 
Deyeuxia japonica Deyeuxia japonica Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 254. 1824 ("1825"), nom. illegit.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius 1820. 
Digitaria hispida Digitaria hispida (Thunberg) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 271. 1824 ("1825").Phalaris hispida Thunberg 1784. 
Dimeria scrobiculata Dimeria scrobiculata C. B. Clarke ex Koorders, Exkurs.-Fl. Java 1: 102. 1911. INDIA/INDONESIA
Lasiolytrum hispidum Lasiolytrum hispidum (Thunberg) Steudel, Flora 29: 18. 1846.Phalaris hispida Thunberg 1784. 
Lucaea gracilis Lucaea gracilis Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 489, pl. 159. 1831. Cult. at Kew, England, without data, 1831 (holotype: P).
Lucaea langsdorffii Lucaea langsdorffii (Trinius) Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 413. 1854.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius 1820. 
Lucaea major Lucaea major Hochstetter ex Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 414. 1854. ETHIOPIA: Without data, Schimper 1829 (holotype: P).
Lucaea plumbea Lucaea plumbea (Nees von Esenbeck ex Arnott) Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 414. 1854.Pleuroplitis plumbea Nees von Esenbeck ex Arnott 1835. 
Lucaea violacea Lucaea violacea Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 414. 1854. NEPAL: Without data, Wallich 8833a (holotype: P).
Lucaea vriesii Lucaea vriesii Büse, in Miquel, Pl. Jungh. 366. 1854. INDONESIA: Java:
Phalaris hispida Phalaris hispida Thunberg, Fl. Japon. 44. 1784. JAPAN: Without data, Thunberg 1776 (holotype: UPS).
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii var. submutica Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. submutica Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 373, t. 10(5). 1866. JAPAN
Pleuroplitis major Pleuroplitis major (Hochstetter ex Steudel) Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 370. 1866, non Arnott ex Miquel 1857.Lucaea major Hochstetter ex Steudel 1854. 
Pleuroplitis plumbea Pleuroplitis plumbea Nees von Esenbeck ex Arnott, in Nees von Esenbeck, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 18: 182. 1835. INDIA: Without data, Wight 1683 (holotype: P).
Pleuroplitis caucasica Pleuroplitis caucasica (Ruprecht ex Regel) Trautvetter, Trudy Imp. S.- Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 261. 1884.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. caucasica Ruprecht ex Regel 1866. 
Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach, in Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 4: 477. 1853. RUSSIA: Kazakhstan: Lake Alakul, Songorian (Dzungarian) desert, s.d., Schrenk s.n. (holotype: LE).
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, Fund. Agrost. 175. 1820. JAPAN: Nagasaki, s.d., Langsdorff s.n. (holotype: LE).
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii var. breviseta Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. breviseta Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 374, t. 10(6-10). 1866. JAPAN: Hakodate, s.d., Maximovicz s.n. (holotype: LE).
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii var. caucasica Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. caucasica Ruprecht ex Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 373. 1866. RUSSIA: Georgia: Kachetia (Kachati), between Quareli (Darceli) and Sarchenis, 23 Aug 1860, Ruprecht s.n. (holotype: LE).
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii var. centrasiatica Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. centrasiatica (Grisebach) Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 374. 1866.Pleuroplitis centrasiatica Grisebach 1853. 
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii var. chinensis Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. chinensis Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 375. 1866. CHINA: Near Whampoa, s.d., Hance s.n. (holotype: LE).
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii var. gracilis Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. gracilis (Kunth) Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 373. 1866.Lucaea gracilis Kunth 1831. 
Pleuroplitis langsdorffii var. japonica Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. japonica Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 373. 1866. JAPAN: Near Hakodate, s.d., Maximovicz s.n. (holotype: LE).
Pleuroplitis quartiniana Pleuroplitis quartiniana (A. Richard) Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- Petersbourg 10: 377. 1866.Alectoridia quartiniana A. Richard 1850. 
Pleuroplitis quartiniana var. caespitosa Pleuroplitis quartiniana (A. Richard) Regel, var. caespitosa Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 377. 1877. ETHIOPIA/INDIA
Pleuroplitis quartiniana var. plumbea Pleuroplitis quartiniana (A. Richard) Regel, var. plumbea (Nees von Esenbeck ex Arnott) Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 377. 1866.Pleuroplitis plumbea Nees von Esenbeck ex Arnott 1835. 
Pleuroplitis quartiniana var. tenella Pleuroplitis quartiniana (A. Richard) Regel, var. tenella Regel, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 377. 1866.Arthraxon coloratus Hochstetter 1856. 
Pollinia ciliaris Pollinia ciliaris (Palisot de Beauvois) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 289. 1824 ("1825").Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois 1812. 
Arthraxon ciliaris var. cryptatherus Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. cryptatherus Hackel, in de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 355. 1889, nom. illegit.Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. submutica Regel 1866.JAPAN
Arthraxon hispidus var. cryptatherus Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino, var. cryptatherus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 277. 1925.Arthraxon ciliaris Palisot de Beauvois, var. cryptatherus Hackel 1889, nom. illegit.; Pleuroplitis langsdorffii Trinius, var. submutica Regel 1866. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Cleburne, DeKalb, Etowah, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1969 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000026676 Jackson 24 Sep 1980 Kral, Robert
66407
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106035 Jefferson 23 Sep 2000 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10936
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106025 Cleburne 23 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
407
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015254 Shelby 25 Sep 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1889
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106032 Etowah 20 Oct 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13782
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106034 Jackson 14 Oct 1974 Radford, Albert E.
s.n.
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UWAL0033979 Marengo 16 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9889
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106020 Calhoun 07 Oct 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
494
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015249 Lee 9 Oct 1964 Anonymous
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106042 Shelby 23 Sep 2000 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10937
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
TROY000028857 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
337
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
ALNHS00000424 Jackson 24 Sep 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-400
ALNHS
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
UWAL0015332 Hale 26 Sep 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6179
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106028 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
7386
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UNA00003568 Blount 13 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
37823
UNA
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106019 Calhoun 10 Sep 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
862
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106030 Etowah 24 Sep 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3864
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106024 Cleburne 11 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
298
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106044 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10172
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015251 Lee 25 Oct 1959 Banks, Donald J.
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106018 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1745
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015253 Lowndes 30 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1423
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
UWAL0017667 Montgomery 05 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25595
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106031 Etowah 25 Oct 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14829
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106045 Talladega 11 Oct 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
5219
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015252 Limestone 13 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
36869
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106040 Marshall 25 Sep 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3128
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
TROY000051631 Tallapoosa 30 Sep 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29458
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UWAL0052100 Cherokee 26 Sep 2020 Keener, Brian R.
11999
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106029 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
7386
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106046 Talladega 30 Jul 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
4273
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
TROY000026679 Randolph 21 Sep 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3637
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106021 Cherokee 01 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12679
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106016 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1466
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UNA00003563 Montgomery 24 Sep 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6905
UNA
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106027 DeKalb 08 Oct 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6646
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UNA00064045 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1466
UNA
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
TROY000041926 Montgomery 05 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25595
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015248 Jefferson 29 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15830
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106038 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1780
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UWAL0008786 St. Clair 21 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4895
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
TROY000028469 St. Clair 21 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4895
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UWAL0019868 Morgan 12 Oct 1996 Kral, Robert
86795
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb) Makino
JSU156400 Marshall 25 Sep 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3152
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UNA00003573 Lowndes 30 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1423
UNA
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino var. cryptatherus (Hack.) Honda
JSU106037 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6931
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
TROY000026677 Jefferson 29 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15830
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106039 Jefferson 05 Oct 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
1189
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
TROY000026678 Randolph 21 Sep 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3005
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino var. cryptathera (Hack.) Honda
JSU106023 Cherokee 01 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12679
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UWAL0036062 Blount 13 Oct 2015 Anderson, Kelly
971
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
UNA00068674 Blount 05 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1695
UNA
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
UNA00054177 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1745
UNA
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
AUA000029358 Bibb 17 Oct 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8901
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
TROY000035880 Hale 26 Sep 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6179
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106036 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1780
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015247 Calhoun 3 Oct 1968 Dickens, Ray
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106026 Cleburne 23 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
399
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
TROY000026675 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15611
TROY
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106033 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10079
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106043 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9349
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
AUA000015250 Lee 30 Sep 1962 Rogers, Ken
AUA
Arthraxon Hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106022 Cherokee 03 Sep 1990 Whetstone, R. David
15787
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
UWAL0008785 Blount 05 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1695
UWAL
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino
JSU106017 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12550
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
JSU106041 Randolph 17 Jul 1996 Ballard, J. Mark
6233
JSU
Arthraxon hispidus (Thunberg) Makino
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