Aristida purpurascens

Family:POACEAE
Species:Aristida purpurascens Poiret
Common Name:Arrow Feather Three Awn; Purple Three Awn; Arrow Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Aristida
Species Aristida purpurascens Poiret - Arrow Feather Three Awn; Purple Three Awn; Arrow Grass

Citation

Citation ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 1: 452. 1810.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Bosc s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aristida affinis Aristida affinis (Schultes) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 61. 1829.Chaetaria affinis Schultes 1824; Aristida racemosa Muhlenberg 1817, non Sprengel 1807. 
Aristida elliottiana Aristida elliotiana Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 133. 1854.  
Aristida geyeriana Aristida geyeriana Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 133. 1854. ILLINOIS: Cass Co.: Beardstown, Aug 1842, Geyer s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: GH).
Aristida purpurascens var. alabamensis Aristida purpurascens Poiret, var. alabamensis Trinius & Ruprecht, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5(1): 102. 1842. ALABAMA: Without data (holotype: LE).
Aristida purpurascens var. glaucissima Aristida purpurascens Poiret, var. glaucissima Kearney, U.S.D.A. Div. Agrost. Bull. 24: 45. 1901. MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: 6 mi. above Biloxi, 7 Oct 1896, Kearney 321 (holotype: US).
Aristida racemosa Aristida racemosa Muhlenberg, Descr. Gram. 172. 1817, non Sprengel 1807. PENNSYLVANIA ?: without data, Muhlenberg s.n. (holotype: PH-M).
Chaetaria affinis Chaetaria affinis Schultes, Mant. 2: 210. 1824.Aristida racemosa Muhlenberg 1817, non Sprengel 1807. 
Chaetaria purpurascens Chaetaria purpurascens (Poiret) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 30, 152, 158. 1812.Aristida purpurascens Poiret 1810. 
Aristida purpurascens var. minor Aristida purpurascens Poiret, var. minor Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 46. 1892. MISSISSIPPI: Jackson Co.: Horn Island, 1892, Tracy 1564 (lectotype: US). Lectotypified by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 572. 1920.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lawrence, Lee, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1891 - 2002

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000045106 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
145
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115576 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7215
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0014012 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1303
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
TROY000011623 Pike 26 Oct 2002 Richard Belcher
5
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0016568 Calhoun 06 Oct 2013 Spaulding, Dan
13870
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UWAL0039998 Bullock 01 Oct 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3626
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0030770 Washington 18 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74403
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
TROY000011546 Baldwin 21 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67855
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret var. purpurascens
TROY000026821 Covington 09 Nov 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20427
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011595 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18515
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115573 Marshall 19 Oct 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6803
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015123 Butler 13 DEC 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3999
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00003546 Tuscaloosa 16 Nov 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1202
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
TROY000035435 Crenshaw 25 Sep 2006 Robert Kral
97659
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000026186 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20203a
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015133 Dale 20 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6544
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
JSU115571 Etowah 26 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
4027
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011592 Barbour 08 Dec 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13735
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115569 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7381
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0008778 Pike 10 Nov 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18632
UWAL
Aristida purpurescens Poir.
TROY000011615 Lee 10 Oct 1997 James H Miller
s.n.
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015145 Lee 24 OCT 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR. var. PURPURASCENS
TROY000011612 Dale 14 Nov 1998 Hannelore Rundell
655
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015119 Bullock 25 NOV 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3777
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
TROY000033549 Barbour 01 Oct 2011 Bailee Dykes
184
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011590 Barbour 12 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
62933
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011619 Pike 10 Nov 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18632
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011599 Coffee 01 Dec 2000 Brian H. Martin
1015
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015127 Conecuh 26 NOV 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3782
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00003547 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UNA00059055 Covington 13 Nov 1999 John R. MacDonald
13682
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
AUA000015124 Chambers 13 SEP 2000 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2000-61
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00003597 Mobile 08 Sep 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D781
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UWAL0036264 Mobile 07 Aug 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3486
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000033511 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Lauren Ryan
91
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0033154 Houston 29 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27019
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011588 Baldwin 08 Nov 1980 Robert Kral
66609
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011618 Montgomery 01 Nov 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18567
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0031892 Dale 16 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74353
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015118 Bullock 3 DEC 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6591
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UWAL0037703 Baldwin 07 Oct 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3853
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
TROY000011603 Covington 31 Oct 2003 TeLenna Jones
22
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0018048 Etowah 03 Aug 1989 Kral, R.
76825
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
TROY000011591 Henry 16 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15991
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011594 Butler 30 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18440
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015115 Barbour 16 JAN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4063
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00060579 Barbour 08 Dec 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13735
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UNA00057776 Bibb 31 Oct 1992 James R. Allison
7413b
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UWAL0034082 Cullman 09 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14377
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UNA00065886 Butler 14 Oct 1978 R. Kral
63003
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
JSU140378 Escambia 01 Oct 1948 J. J. Brasington
10
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015120 Bullock 11 SEP 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14152
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
AUA000015117 Barbour 16 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15991
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
JSU115566 Calhoun 1 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12690
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115570 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7381
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0005879 Covington 24 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69655
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
TROY000011605 Covington 13 Nov 1999 John R. MacDonald
13682
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015140 Bibb 1 OCT 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1931
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR. var. PURPURASCENS
TROY000028237 Escambia 16 Oct 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20306
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011610 Dale 14 Nov 1998 Hannelore Rundell
659
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000033529 Barbour 08 Oct 2011 Bailee Dykes
217
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011598 Butler 14 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
63003
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011597 Butler 11 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17230
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011548 Coffee 02 Sep 1999 Brian H. Martin
182
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret var. purpurascens
AUA000015142 Lee 3 OCT 1954 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR. var. PURPURASCENS
UNA00003542 Talladega s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UNA00045827 Houston 10 Sep 1992 John R. MacDonald
5472
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UNA00003552 DeKalb 01 Oct 1960 Roland M. Harper
4475
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UWAL0036322 Mobile 12 Apr 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3778
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015132 Crenshaw 25 OCT 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11503
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
JSU115577 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7215
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0013595 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 England, J. Kevin
3181
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011624 Washington 06 Oct 2000 Robert Kral
90528
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0008776 Dale 03 Dec 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20474
UWAL
Aristida purpurescens Poir.
UWAL0030579 Covington 14 Oct 1991 Kral, R.
80065
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UWAL0039991 Bullock 28 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4249
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0037913 Washington 03 Sep 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6824
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
TROY000011617 Monroe 24 Oct 2000 Robert Kral
90573
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000043274 Houston 29 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27019
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011596 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18520
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011601 Conecuh 27 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
16010
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015128 Covington 13 DEC 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6626
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00003587 Tuscaloosa 16 Nov 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1202
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
TROY000045312 Geneva 28 Sep 2017 Cameron Byrd
1563
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115574 Marshall 25 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3155
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU140377 Escambia 01 Oct 1948 J. J. Brasington
10
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015136 Perry 12 NOV 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8959
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
JSU115572 Etowah 8 Oct 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4410
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011621 Pike 07 Oct 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11422
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115568 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7381
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0008775 Covington 09 Nov 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20428
UWAL
Aristida purpurescens Poir.
TROY000011622 Pike 19 Nov 1999 James A. Hall
87
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015141 Lee 4 SEP 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR. var. PURPURASCENS
TROY000011613 Dale 07 Nov 1998 Hannelore Rundell
634
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015131 Crenshaw 8 NOV 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11543
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
TROY000011547 Barbour 11 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
62878
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret var. purpurascens
TROY000011614 Houston 10 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17222
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015143 Lee 11 FEB 1962 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR. var. PURPURASCENS
TROY000011600 Coffee 01 Dec 2000 Brian H. Martin
1014
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015125 Conecuh 26 NOV 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3781
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00003572 DeKalb _ Sep 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UNA00056129 Henry 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11858
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
AUA000015126 Conecuh 27 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16010
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00003592 Mobile 28 Jun 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D950
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UWAL0006187 Houston 25 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69725
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens (Sw.) Poir.
AUA000015139 Pike 20 NOV 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8988
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
TROY000045107 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Matthew Parker
196
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115575 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7215
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0006204 Dale 25 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69709
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens (Sw.) Poir.
TROY000011606 Covington 14 Nov 2000 Leigh Ann Meadows
4
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015121 Butler 10 DEC 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6622
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UWAL0010215 Crenshaw 25 Sep 2006 Kral, R.
97659
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
TROY000011611 Dale 14 Nov 1998 Hannelore Rundell
660
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UWAL0032900 Lawrence 08 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3618
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011589 Baldwin 15 Oct 2001 Robert Kral
92041
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011593 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14152
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115565 Baldwin 17 Sep 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10853
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015134 Montgomery 18 NOV 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7186
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00003577 Mobile 02 Oct 1891 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
TROY000042247 Dale 25 Sep 1982 Robert Kral
69709
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
UNA00003562 Sumter 27 Sep 1961 Roland M. Harper
4500
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir. var. purpurascens
UWAL0042856 Baldwin 15 Oct 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1294
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Por.
AUA000015135 Perry 17 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8879
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
TROY000011604 Covington 03 Oct 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12731
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
JSU115567 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7381
JSU
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000034715 Monroe 23 Sep 1982 Robert Kral
69623
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011620 Pike 12 Dec 1999 James A. Hall
38
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015144 Lee 14 NOV 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR. var. PURPURASCENS
TROY000011609 Dale 04 Nov 1998 Hannelore Rundell
633
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015122 Butler 8 NOV 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3770
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UWAL0037671 Baldwin 08 Sep 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3724
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UWAL0032901 Franklin 28 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5209
UWAL
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011607 Crenshaw 18 Oct 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11487
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
TROY000011616 Monroe 31 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17186
TROY
Aristida purpurascens Poiret
AUA000015129 Covington 17 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3717
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00057697 Chambers 13 Sep 2000 C. J. Hansen
2000-61
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UNA00056097 Covington 26 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11804
UNA
Aristida affinis (Schult.) Kunth
AUA000015116 Barbour 8 DEC 2002 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13735
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
UNA00060785 Baldwin 15 Oct 2001 R. Kral
92041
UNA
Aristida purpurascens Poir.
UWAL0008777 Pike 05 Nov 2009 Gachuiri, Eva
0012
UWAL
Aristida purpurescens Poir.
AUA000015138 Pike 25 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6546
AUA
ARISTIDA PURPURASCENS POIR.
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