Andropogon virginicus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Andropogon virginicus L.
Common Name:Broom Sedge; Virginia Bluestem; Oldfield Broomstraw
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Broom Sedge is a native herbaceous perennial in the Grass family (Poaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Broom Sedge occurs in pine forests, in prairies, in disturbed woodlands, in glades, in old fields and pastures, and on roadsides. It is a warm season bunch grass. Broom Sedge is a perennial from a hardened base with fibrous roots. Each clump produces 1-many erect stems up to 4 feet in height. Leaves are basal and cauline. The cauline leaves are alternate. Leaves are linear, pubescent near the collar or glabrous, and not glaucous. The sheath is pubescent with spreading hairs. Flowers are produced in pairs of racemes partially enclosed in a bract. The bract is only slight inflated. Spikelets occur in pairs along the raceme. The lower spikelet is sessile and fertile and the upper or pedicelled spikelet is vestigial or represented by a small awn. There is a tuft of long white hairs at the base of the sessile spikelet. The awn of the sessile spikelets lemma is straight. The fruit is a grain. Broom Sedge is one of the most common and noticeable native grasses. It often colonizes disturbed habitats and is a major component of many native grasslands. It is especially noticeable during the winter months when the erect stems and foliage become an orange-brown color. Broom Sedge is available as seed form some nurseries that sell native grasses. It prefers a well-draining soil in full sun. Broom Sedge can be used as a “filler” in prairies and wildflower plantings, and as a backdrop to beds of wildflowers. The dried stalks of Broom Sedge were gathered and made into brooms by the early settlers. Several forms of Broom Sedge have been variously recognized as varieties or species.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Andropogon
Species Andropogon virginicus L. - Broom Sedge; Virginia Bluestem; Oldfield Broomstraw

Citation

Citation Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1046. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1211.12). Lectotypified by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 125. 1908.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andropogon tetrastachyus    
Andropogon virginicus var. tetrastachyus    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1874 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000042964 Houston 22 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26960
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0008696 Winston 03 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1329
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L.
JSU105662 Jefferson 23 Sep 1984 Bussey, Melanie G.
982
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000011520 Montgomery 15 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12200
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014943 Perry 12 Nov 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8961
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
ALNHS00000678 Monroe 05 Oct 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-419
ALNHS
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011495 Barbour 08 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13736
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014940 Macon 5 Oct 1973 Sutherland, M.
038
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
AUA000014924 Bullock 25 Nov 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3778
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00003501 Mobile 11 Oct 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
AUA000014941 Monroe 13 Oct 1981 Henderson, T.
751
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
JSU144089 Calhoun 16 Oct 1992 Hutchinson, Francine
1125
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
SAMF0001875 Lee 14 Oct 2013 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5568
SAMF
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014937 Lee 25 Oct 1959 Banks, Donald J.
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
JSU105664 Randolph 11 Oct 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
888
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014935 Henry 23 Oct 1973 Bostick, J.P.
275
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00003535 Bibb 15 Sep 1979 Wiersema, John H.
1284A
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
AUA000014944 Pike 20 Nov 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8991
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
TROY000011506 Covington 28 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12236
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0030481 Morgan 09 Oct 2015 England, J. Kevin
5784
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000011518 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17154
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014926 Butler 15 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13755
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
TROY000011501 Coffee 24 Dec 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12254
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00003540 Mobile _ Oct _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011509 Crenshaw 20 Oct 2007 Norman, James
8
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0010075 Montgomery 25 Nov 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22722
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
SAMF0001256 Tuscaloosa 19 Oct 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4594
SAMF
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0008695 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20417
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L.
JSU106001 Cleburne 21 Oct 1982 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12911
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
SAMF0001874 Randolph 14 Oct 2013 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5585
SAMF
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014942 Monroe 3 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16018
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
AUA000014928 Choctaw 21 Sep 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1215
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00060590 Butler 15 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13755
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
JSU105663 Marshall 22 Sep 1991 Spaulding, Daniel D.
994
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014932 Crenshaw 8 Nov 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11541
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00056281 Houston 24 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12340
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011515 Geneva 04 Oct 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13564
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014936 Lee 9 Oct 1959 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
SAMF0001648 Tuscaloosa 25 Oct 2011 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4948
SAMF
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014918 Autauga 29 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1392
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00003550 s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011519 Monroe 03 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16018
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0039961 Geneva 20 Oct 2016 Byrd, Cameron
398
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000011511 Dale 02 Oct 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
425
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0032865 Colbert 28 Sep 2016 England, J. Kevin
6883
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus var. virginicus
TROY000043737 Conecuh 31 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27024
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00003545 Lowndes 30 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1424
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000049265 Autauga 19 Oct 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1380
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0033120 Conecuh 31 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27024
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000029832 Elmore 16 Oct 2004 Heath, William
17
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00003447 Mobile 06 Oct 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011521 Pike 05 May 1999 Martin, Brian H.
80
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000030673 Morgan 9 Oct 2015 England, J. Kevin
5784
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
AUA000014922 Barbour 8 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13736
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00060398 Covington 09 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13749
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011512 Dale 14 Mar 2000 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00003595 Mobile _ Oct 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011517 Houston 23 Oct 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13655
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0050749 Jefferson 23 Sep 1984 Bussey, Melanie G.
982
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011514 Geneva 13 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62986
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0052052 Madison 17 Oct 2020 England, J. Kevin
11413
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L. var. virginicus
TROY000011498 Butler 04 Nov 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12825
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0013069 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1362
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000045101 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
202
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0008761 Barbour 03 Nov 2009 Weed, Tabitha
6
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L. var. virginicus
TROY000038957 Coosa 11 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24638
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00003555 Mobile 23 Oct 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
UNA00003600 Mobile 28 Sep 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
AUA000014929 Clarke 4 Nov 1973 Bedwell, C.R.
211
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00003472 Mobile 06 Nov 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D817
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011522 Pike 19 Mar 1997 Evers, Astrid
9
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014933 Crenshaw 15 Nov 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11549
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
TROY000026240 Calhoun 19 Oct 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11644
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus var. virginicus
UNA00003565 Mobile _ Oct 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011507 Covington 14 Nov 2000 Meadows, Leigh Ann
5
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0005877 Covington 24 Sep 1982 Kral, Robert
69652
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000026837 Escambia 20 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20454
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0016248 Coosa 11 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24638
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000034227 Conecuh 03 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22728
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0016884 Randolph 14 Oct 2013 Davenport, L.J.
5585
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011496 Butler 15 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13755
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014934 Escambia 23 Oct 1982 Graves, Tom
89
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00003570 Mobile 18 Oct 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
JSU156415 Marshall 27 Sep 1991 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1004
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
SAMF0001257 Jefferson 12 Oct 2010 LeCroy, Kate
30a
SAMF
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0016885 Lee 14 Oct 2013 Davenport, L.J.
5568
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus L.
UNA00053577 Pickens 13 Nov 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2471
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011516 Geneva 12 Nov 1999 MacDonald, John R.
13671
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0010035 Pike 15 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22761
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000026882 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20417
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014939 Lowndes 30 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1424
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
ALNHS00000420 Jackson 26 Oct 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-334
ALNHS
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011502 Conecuh 04 Nov 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12821
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0046575 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
202
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000011499 Butler 14 Oct 2000 Findley, Kris
4771
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00059873 Calhoun 19 Oct 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11644
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L. var. virginicus
TROY000036529 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1362
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000051456 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5176
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000011504 Covington 09 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13749
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00064108 Cleburne 02 Oct 1982 Bussey, Melanie C.
516
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000030081 Barbour 03 Nov 2009 Weed, Tabitha
6
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus var. virginicus
UNA00003590 Mobile 20 Sep 1874 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000028459 Winston 03 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1329
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0016960 Perry 07 Nov 2008 England, J. Kevin
1486
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000034402 Montgomery 25 Nov 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22722
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014925 Butler 13 Dec 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3996
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
TROY000043264 Conecuh 22 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27076
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0017005 Mobile 09 Nov 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2472
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus var. virginicus
TROY000011503 Covington 18 Sep 2002 Munn, Heather
10
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014930 Conecuh 26 Nov 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3784
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
JSU105665 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9315
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014919 Baldwin 22 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
594
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
JSU144076 Calhoun 16 Oct 1992 Hutchinson, Francine
1147
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
SAMF0001873 Randolph 14 Oct 2013 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5576
SAMF
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014923 Bullock 3 Dec 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6592
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
JSU105939 Baldwin 17 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12900
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014927 Choctaw 21 Oct 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1246
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UWAL0031992 Houston 22 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26960
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00003516 Mobile 28 Sep 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011505 Covington 21 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12223
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UWAL0015079 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1340
UWAL
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
JSU106002 Cleburne 02 Oct 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
516
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000044101 Geneva 20 Oct 2016 Byrd, Cameron
398
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014920 Barbour 12 Feb 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5680
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00003560 Lee 10 Nov 1980 Latham, B.
83
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
TROY000011508 Crenshaw 08 Nov 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11530
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
AUA000014921 Barbour 5 Oct 1972 Hagan, Patrick D.
101
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
AUA000014938 Lee 14 May 1956 Arner, Dale H.
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00068994 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
250
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
AUA000014931 Conecuh 9 Nov 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1872
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
JSU105940 Clay 15 Oct 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
5306
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000038058 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1340
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
JSU105666 Washington 01 Nov 1997 Higginbotham, Jerri W.
388
JSU
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
TROY000011510 Dale 17 Dec 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14924
TROY
Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus
UNA00003560 Lee 10 Nov 1980 Latham, B.
83
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
AUA000014945 Pike 20 Nov 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8985
AUA
Andropogon Virginicus L.
UNA00003452 Mobile 28 Sep 1883 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon virginicus L.
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