Andropogon gyrans

Family:POACEAE
Species:Andropogon gyrans Ashe
Common Name:Elliott's Bluestem; Elliott's Broom Sedge
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Elliott's Bluestem is a native perennial in the Grass family (Poaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama, but is most common in the southern half of the state. Elliott's Bluestem occurs in dry sandy soils of pine or oak woodlands, on roadsides, and in old fields. It usually occurs as isolated clumps mixed with other Broom Sedge (Andropogon) or Bluestem (Schizachyrium) species. It rarely forms large patches. Elliott's Bluestem is a clump forming perennial with fibrous roots. The basal and lower stem leaves are up to 10 inches long, linear in outline, glabrous or pubescent, with entire margins. Stems are 1-many per clump. The stems are 1-3 feet in height and usually unbranched. Flowers are produced in terminal false panicles. Pedicellate spikelets are usually vestigial or absent. The sessile spikelets are usually only partly exserted from upper culm sheaths. These sheaths are enlarged and overlapping. The fruit is a grain.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Andropogon
Species Andropogon gyrans Ashe - Elliott's Bluestem; Elliott's Broom Sedge

Citation

Citation ANDROPOGON GYRANS Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 15: 113. 1898.
Basionym: **
Type: NORTH CAROLINA: Wake or Orange Co.: Without data, Ashe 2034 (neotype: NCU). Neotypified by C. S. Campbell, J. Arnold Arbor. 64: 210. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andropogon clandestinus Andropogon clandestinus A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 809. 1861, non Nees von Esenbeck ex Steudel 1854. LOUISIANA
Andropogon elliottii var. laxiflorus Andropogon elliottii Chapman, var. laxiflorus Lamson-Scribner, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 146. 1896. FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Vicinity of Eustis, 16-25 Aug 1894, Nash 1738 (holotype: US; isotypes: GH, MICH, NY 2 shts).
Andropogon gracilior Andropogon gracilior (Hackel) Nash, in Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 63, 1326. 1903.Andropogon elliottii Chapman, var. gracilior Hackel 1889. 
Andropogon virginicus var. graciliformis Andropogon virginicus Linnaeus, var. graciliformis Léon, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 53: 457. 1926. CUBA: Santa Clara: Sabana de Montembo, 28 Aug 1922, Léon & Loustalot 11343 (holotype: HAC; isotypes: GH, NY).
Andropogon campyloracheus Andropogon campyloracheus Nash, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 431. 1900.Andropogon elliottii Chapman, var. laxiflorus Lamson-Scribner 1896. 
Andropogon elliottii    
Andropogon elliottii var. gracilior Andropogon elliottii Chapman, var. gracilior Hackel, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 6: 415. 1889. FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Without data, Curtiss 3636a (holotype: W?; isotypes: DUKE, FSU, GA, GH, MICH, MISSA, MO 2 shts, NCU, US).
Andropogon elliottii var. projectus Andropogon elliottii Chapman, var. projectus Fernald & Griscom, Rhodora 37: 138. 1935. NORTH CAROLINA: Buncomb Co.: Biltmore, 26 Sep 1898, Biltmore Herb. 1421c (holotype: GH; isotypes: NCU, NY, US 2 shts).
Andropogon subtenuis Andropogon subtenuis Nash, in Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 63, 1326. 1903. MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Biloxi, 1896, Tracy 2243 (holotype: NY).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Lauderdale, Lee, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, St. Clair

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1885 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000014893 Crenshaw 19 Nov 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
10111
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
AUA000014902 St. Clair 5 Nov 1979 Owsley, C.Michael
602
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
AUA000014899 Perry 12 Nov 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8960
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
AUA000014888 Baldwin 15 Oct 1981 Henderson, T.
754
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
TROY000043799 Crenshaw 05 Dec 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27101
TROY
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
JSU156366 Cullman 16 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
37840
JSU
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
UNA00003456 Mobile 11 Oct 1885 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon elliottii Chapman
UWAL0039231 Autauga 21 Nov 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28638
UWAL
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
AUA000014891 Bullock 3 Dec 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6593
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
AUA000014890 Bullock 16 Oct 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5615
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
AUA000014895 Dale 26 Oct 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7791
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
JSU102794 Baldwin 22 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
38262
JSU
Andropogon elliottii Chapman
UWAL0051233 Lauderdale 05 Oct 1967 Kral, R.
29353
UWAL
Andropogon elliottii Chapm.
AUA000014898 Montgomery 3 Dec 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6598
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
UWAL0008700 Conecuh 22 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20472
UWAL
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
AUA000014897 Lee 3 Oct 1963 Jones, Jr., Ralph R.
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
TROY000026893 Conecuh 22 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20472
TROY
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
UNA00003451 Autauga 29 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1394
UNA
Andropogon elliottii Chapman
AUA000014889 Bibb 10 Oct 1979 Beckett, Scott W.
345
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
ALNHS00004686 Pike 01 Dec 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2819
ALNHS
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
AUA000014894 Dallas 29 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1395
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
AUA000014892 Butler 15 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13758
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
TROY000011469 Pike 08 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13734
TROY
Andropogon gyrans Ashe var. gyrans
UWAL0044079 Baldwin 28 Oct 2015 Larsen, Harry S.
1468
UWAL
Andropogon gyrans var. gyrans Ashe
UWAL0033101 Crenshaw 05 Dec 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27101
UWAL
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
UWAL0008699 Butler 22 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20473
UWAL
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
UWAL0038908 Covington 18 Oct 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4928
UWAL
Andropogen gyrans Ashe
TROY000047500 Autauga 21 Nov 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28638
TROY
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
UWAL0042454 Bullock 30 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4283
UWAL
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
UNA00003441 Dallas 29 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1395
UNA
Andropogon elliottii Chapman
AUA000014901 Pike 8 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13734
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
UNA00059172 Bibb 18 Nov 1994 Allison, James R.
8763
UNA
Andropogon gyrans Ashe var. gyrans
JSU102795 Coffee 12 Oct 1970 Kral, Robert
41685
JSU
Andropogon elliottii Chapman
TROY000026894 Butler 22 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20473
TROY
Andropogon gyrans Ashe
UNA00060586 Butler 15 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13758
UNA
Andropogon gyrans Ashe var. gyrans
UNA00003446 Mobile _ Oct 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon elliottii Chapman
AUA000024718 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3568
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
AUA000026988 Baldwin 21 Feb 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-254
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe
AUA000014887 Autauga 29 Oct 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
1394
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
UNA00060585 Pike 08 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13734
UNA
Andropogon gyrans Ashe var. gyrans
AUA000014900 Pike 14 Jun 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4058
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
TROY000011467 Butler 15 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13758
TROY
Andropogon gyrans Ashe var. gyrans
AUA000014896 Escambia 6 Oct 1981 Henderson, T.
715
AUA
Andropogon Gyrans Ashe Var. Gyrans
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