Andropogon gerardi

Family:POACEAE
Species:Andropogon gerardi Vitman
Common Name:Big Bluestem; Turkey Foot
Habitat:Dry open sites.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Big Bluestem is a native perennial warm season herb in the Grass family (Poaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama. Big Bluestem occurs in prairies, in Longleaf pine woods, in dry or rocky pine-oak woods, on roadsides, and in powerline right-of-ways. It is a perennial with a rhizome. Stems are 3-8 feet tall and usually sparsely branched near the top. The stems are round, green or tan in color, and glabrous. Leaves form a basal clump and are alternate on the stem. Leaves have sheathing bases, are linear in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. Near the area where the blade joins the sheath there may be some long white hairs. Flowers are produced in 2-5 narrow racemes of spikelets. The racemes form “V” shapes, and one common name for this species is “Turkey Foot”. The rachis joints and pedicles are pubescent. The spikelets occur in appressed pairs along the raceme. The lower is perfect and fertile and the upper spikelet is staminate. Fertile spikelets have an awn that is basally twisted. The fruit is a grain. Big Bluestem was a major component of the Eastern Tallgrass Prairie. Big Bluestem is a larval host plant for the Delaware Skipper (Anatrytone logan), the Dusted Skipper (Atrytonopsis hianna), Leonard's Skipper (Hesperia leonardus), Cobweb Skipper (Hesperia metea), and Byssus Skipper (Problema byssus). The seed of Big Bluestem are eaten by many sparrow species and the foliage is consumed by herbivores ranging from grasshoppers to Bison. Big Bluestem is a natural choice for prairies and meadows, and can be used as an interesting screen along the backs of perennial beds, along fence rows, and along woodland edges. It is available as seed from many sources. Big Bluestem is tolerant of many soil and moistures types, and is drought tolerant once established. It requires full to partial sun. Clumps should be cut to the ground in late winter to encourage new growth.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:Some treatments spelled the epithet as "gerardii" but the original spelling is acceptable in this case for technical reasons related to the code, Article 60: Orthography.
Status:Native, FAC (NWI), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Andropogon
Species Andropogon gerardi Vitman - Big Bluestem; Turkey Foot

Citation

Citation ANDROPOGON GERARDII Vitman, Summa Pl. 6: 16. 1792.
Basionym: **
Type: FRANCE: Provence: Without data (lectotype: Gerard, Fl. Gallo-Prov. 107, f. 4. 1761). Lectotypified by Chase, in Hitchcock, Man. Grasses U.S. 812. 1951.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andropogon hallii var. grandiflorus Andropogon hallii Hackel, var. grandiflorus Lamson-Scribner, U.S.D.A. Div. Agrost. Bull. 5: 21. 1897. COLORADO: Without data, Shear 747 (holotype: US?).
Andropogon tennesseensis Andropogon tennesseensis (Lamson-Scribner) Lamson-Scribner, U.S.D.A. Div. Agrost. Circ. 16: 1. 1899.Andropogon provincialis Lamarck, var. tennesseensis Lamson- Scribner 1894 
Sorghum provinciale Sorghum provinciale Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 792. 1891.Andropogon provincialis Lamarck 1785, non Retzius 1783. 
Andropogon furcatus Andropogon furcatus Muhlenberg ex Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 919. 1806.  
Andropogon provincialis Andropogon provincialis Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 376. 1785, non Retzius 1783. FRANCE

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Crenshaw, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Mobile, Monroe, Perry, Shelby, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1992 - 2003

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU102739 Etowah 20 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3105
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014858 Escambia 6 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
713
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
UWAL0016235 Lowndes 27 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24592
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0017119 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5174
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
TROY000011450 Crenshaw 13 Sep 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11417
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0042931 Baldwin 18 Sep 2010 Larsen, H.S.
1738
UWAL
Andropogon gerardi Vitman
JSU105935 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9447
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102733 Cleburne 06 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
257
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014856 Crenshaw 13 APR 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11417
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
UWAL0001731 Escambia 07 Oct 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21616
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102732 Cleburne 15 Oct 1996 S. E. Hruska
1785
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU105936 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
911
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014854 Cleburne 19 JUL 1980 DALRYMPLE, LARRY W.
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
TROY000011451 Monroe 24 Oct 2000 Robert Kral
90576
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014860 Lee 14 NOV 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
JSU102734 Cleburne 11 Sep 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
299
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0039264 Escambia 07 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28480
UWAL
Andropogon gerardi Vitman
TROY000044841 Geneva 14 Sep 2017 Cameron Byrd
1541
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
TROY000011449 Bullock 20 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13582
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0008697 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20084
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UNA00062195 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14528
UNA
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
TROY000011452 Monroe 24 Oct 2000 Robert Kral
90576
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UNA00003476 Mobile _ Aug 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0042477 Bullock 27 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4150
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0015083 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1423
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102743 Talladega 02 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13658
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102730 Clay 30 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3275
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0032843 Lawrence 20 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5193
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0043971 Baldwin 24 Oct 2006 Larsen, H.S.
1575
UWAL
Andropogon gerardi Vitman
UNA00057711 Bibb 12 Aug 1993 James R. Allison
7837
UNA
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102738 Etowah 27 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3235
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
TROY000026170 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20084
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014862 Perry 12 NOV 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8976
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
UWAL0008698 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Diamond, A.R.
14258
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102729 Calhoun 26 Jul 1991 R. L. Naugher
302
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014861 Lee 13 OCT 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
161B
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
JSU102742 Talladega 18 Oct 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10396
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014859 Lee 1 NOV 1959 BANKS, DONALD J.
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
JSU102731 Clay 23 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
456
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102736 Talladega 02 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13658
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
TROY000031955 Escambia 07 Oct 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21616
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0046994 Autauga 24 Aug 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1156
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000028100 Lauderdale 9 JUL 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5520
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
TROY000038977 Lowndes 27 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24592
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UNA00003481 Clay _ Sep 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102737 Cleburne 14 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0039267 Chilton 17 Aug 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28447
UWAL
Andropogon gerardi Vitman
TROY000038737 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Bailee Dykes
1423
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0047456 Clay 17 Aug 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10820
UWAL
Andropogon gerardi Vitman
UWAL0046993 Autauga 24 Aug 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1145
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0005698 Limestone 21 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
68989
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitm.
TROY000026227 Cleburne 28 Jul 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11493
TROY
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014857 Escambia 7 NOV 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8949
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
UNA00059305 Cleburne 28 Jul 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11493
UNA
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102740 Jackson 12 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2107
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
AUA000014855 Colbert 12 AUG 1981 HENDERSON, T.
391
AUA
ANDROPOGON GERARDII VITMAN
JSU102735 Cleburne 08 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13007
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UWAL0019490 Lauderdale 09 Jul 2015 England, J. Kevin
5520
UWAL
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102741 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10046
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU156394 Clay 01 Aug 1993 Ballard, J.M.
3093
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
JSU102728 Calhoun 05 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1310
JSU
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
UNA00048849 Houston 12 Sep 1992 John R. MacDonald
5501
UNA
Andropogon gerardii Vitman
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