Platanthera cristata

Family:ORCHIDACEAE
Species:Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
Common Name:Crested Yellow Orchid; Orange Crest Orchid; Crested Fringed Orchid
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:OLCR
Plant Notes:Crested Yellow Orchid is a native herbaceous perennial in the Orchid family (Orchidaceae). It is native to much of Alabama. Crested Yellow Orchid occurs in bogs, in seeps, along small streams, and on wet roadsides. It is a perennial from a cluster of thick, brittle roots. The stems are solitary, erect, 6-24 inches in height, green in color, and glabrous. The 2-4 leaves are alternate, sessile, linear lanceolate in outline, entire, and conduplicate (folded lengthwise). The leaves are rapidly reduced in size upwards, becoming bracts. Flowers are produced in dense terminal spikes. The flowers are resupinate (upside down), and orange-yellow in color. Each flower has a highly fringed lip and a cylindrical spur that curved downward behind the flower. The opening in the spur is triangular. The fruit is a capsule with many dust-like seed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyORCHIDACEAE - Orchid family
Genus Platanthera
Species Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley - Crested Yellow Orchid; Orange Crest Orchid; Crested Fringed Orchid

Citation

Citation PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (Michaux) Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 291. 1835.
Basionym: Orchis cristata Michaux 1803.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Blephariglotis cristata Blephariglotis cristata (Michaux) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 38. 1837 ("1836").Orchis cristata Michaux 1803. 
Habenaria cristata Habenaria cristata (Michaux) R. Brown, in Aiton f., Hortus Kew. 5: 194. 1813.Orchis cristata Michaux 1803. 
Orchis cristata Orchis cristata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 156. 1803.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Calhoun, Clay, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Escambia, Etowah, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1878 - 1994

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000011368 Dale 06 Aug 1999 Tiffany Pennington
49
TROY
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC023231 Lee 4 AUG 1971 BRUGH, JR., THOMAS H.
160
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
AMAL00019310 Calhoun 2 Aug 1994 J. M. Ballard
4310
AMAL
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC061325 Mobile 15 AUG 1996 ANDERSON, LORAN C.
16,881
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
UNA00008658 Clay 28 Jul 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Habenaria cristata (Michx.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
UNA00023543 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9472
UNA
Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl.
AUA_ACC051600 Crenshaw 1 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7543
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
JSU113567 Clay 2 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
413
JSU
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC013628 Lee 2 AUG 1967 THOMPSON, OLIVIA C.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC014070 Lee 2 AUG 1967 EICHLIN, THOMAS D.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC069558 Covington 15 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3513
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC039896 Conecuh 1 JUL 1983 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
JSU113565 Calhoun 4 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6152
JSU
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC005409 Lee 20 JUL 1954 SPEAKE, DAN W.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
TROY000011367 Covington 07 Sep 2002 Kenneth Thomason
2
TROY
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
JSU113571 Randolph 14 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2642
JSU
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC030864 Lee 30 JUL 1973 OWEN, J. T.
233
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
JSU113566 Clay 28 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
574
JSU
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
UWAL0043498 Baldwin 19 Aug 2004 Larsen, H.S.
1415
UWAL
Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl.
JSU113569 Etowah 31 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2952
JSU
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC023232 Macon 2 AUG 1971 COOK, HARRY D.
087
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
UWAL0010540 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3735
UWAL
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
TROY000040643 Escambia 31 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25404
TROY
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC005355 Lee 2 AUG 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC055446 Crenshaw 8 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6240
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
UWAL0039173 Conecuh 28 Jul 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28422
UWAL
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC011309 Macon 20 JUL 1967 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC050471 Pike 20 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7587A
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
TROY000011369 Pike 16 Aug 1996 Jeanese Holmes
237
TROY
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AMAL00017472 Baldwin 13 Aug 2008 T. Wayne Barger
446
AMAL
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC017528 Montgomery 16 JUL 1969 OWENS, JAMES R.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
JSU113568 Clay 28 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
631
JSU
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
TROY000042947 Covington 13 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26816
TROY
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
UNA00008648 Cullman 05 Aug 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Habenaria cristata (Michx.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
AUA_ACC026720 Tallapoosa 5 AUG 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
437
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC011519 Lee 3 AUG 1967 CALVERT, MAGIE
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
TROY000047028 Conecuh 28 Jul 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28422
TROY
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
AUA_ACC042221 Lee 7 AUG 1972 BALL, DONALD M.
159
AUA
PLATANTHERA CRISTATA (MICHX.) LINDL.
UNA00012751 Tuscaloosa 01 Aug 1878 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Habenaria cristata (Michx.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
JSU113570 Lawrence 14 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3757
JSU
Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley
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