Corallorhiza wisteriana

Family:ORCHIDACEAE
Species:Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
Common Name:Spring Coral Root; Wister's Coral Root
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Spring Coral Root is a native perennial in the Orchid family (Orchidaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Spring Coral Root occurs in rich, moist to dry hardwood forests. It is a perennial from a coral-like branching rhizome. There are no persistent above ground parts. Red-purple to yellow-brown flowering stems are produced singly or in clusters. The flowering stems are from a few inches to over a foot in height. Flowers are produced in racemes. Each flowering stalk has from 2-25 small flowers. The sepals and upper petals are reddish-bronze in color and form an arching hood over the lip petal. The lip petal is white with spots of purple. The fruit is a capsule filled with many small dust-like seed. Spring Coral Root is mycoheterotrophic, lacking in chlorophyll and obtaining its nutrients from fungi in the soil. Spring Coral Root is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable), and like all native orchids should not be picked or dug. Spring Coral Root is an inconspicuous early spring flowering species. Its small size and cryptic coloration make it difficult to spot. The plant may be abundant at a particular site in one year and then be rare or completely absent from the same site for several years in a row.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyORCHIDACEAE - Orchid family
Genus Corallorhiza
Species Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad - Spring Coral Root; Wister's Coral Root

Citation

Citation CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA Conrad, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 145. 1829.
Basionym: **
Type: PENNSYLVANIA: Philadelphia Co.: Wissahickon, 3 May 1828, Wister s.n. (holotype: PH).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Corallorhiza elliptica Corallorhiza elliptica Schlechter, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36(Abt. 2): 410. 1918. MEXICO: Without data Enclich 1244 (neotype: AMES). Neotypified by Freudenstein, Harvard Pap. Bot. 10: 17. 1997.
Corallorhiza fimbriata Corallorhiza fimbriata Schlechter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 21: 339. 1925. MEXICO: Without data, 1921, Reiche 41 (holotype: B(destroyed)); MEXICO: Without data (neotype: Schlechter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 59: pl. 59(236). 1931). Neotypified by Freudenstein, Harvard Pap. Bot. 10: 17. 1997.
Corallorhiza hortensis Corallorhiza hortensis Suksdorf, Werdenda 1: 18. 1927. WASHINGTON: Klickitat Co.: Bingen, 30 Apr 1924, Suksdorf 11647 (holotype: WS; isotype: AMES fragm).
Corallorhiza punctata Corallorhiza punctata A. Richard & Galeotti, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 3. 3: 19. 1845. MEXICO: Chiapas: Ciudad Real, Mar, Linden 1233 (lectotype: W; isolectotype: W). Lectotypified by Freudenstein, Harvard Pap. Bot. 10: 15. 1997.
Neottia punctata Neottia punctata (A. Richard & Galeotti) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 674. 1891.Corallorhiza puncata A. Richard & Galeotti 1845. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Conecuh, Cullman, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Madison, Marshall, Morgan, Pike, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1889 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU113452 Jackson 28 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7671
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UNA00008494 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 1967 Joab L. Thomas
904
UNA
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
TROY000030863 Lee 28 Mar 1952 D.C. Davis
s.n.
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0042943 Baldwin 12 Mar 2003 Nation, N. Fred
1171
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113448 Etowah 16 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1416
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
TROY000037280 Butler 06 Mar 2013 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113451 Etowah 27 Mar 1973 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
38161AUA_ACC Jackson 7 APR 1976 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
8260
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
UNA00012746 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 1889 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113445 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13214
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0013095 Wilcox 28 Feb 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113447 DeKalb 1 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7936
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
72196AUA_ACC Sumter 26 FEB 2012 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6871
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
UNA00063698 Choctaw 26 Mar 2003 Alfred Schotz
1888
UNA
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
AMAL00009223 Dallas 29 Mar 2010 T. Wayne Barger
281
AMAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0009793 Sumter 26 Feb 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6871
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113453 Jefferson 13 Mar 1987 M. G. Bussey
1330
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
AMAL00009738 DeKalb 1 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
976
AMAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113455 Marshall 29 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7797
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UNA00008489 Hale 20 Mar 1966 Norris H. Williams
178
UNA
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0012883 Lawrence 31 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4103
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
57159AUA_ACC Pike 5 MAR 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10148
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
TROY000036758 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Bailee Dykes
1509
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0009838 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6896
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
TROY000037401 Wilcox 28 Feb 2013 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
AMAL00019373 Jackson 25 Mar 2007 T. Wayne Barger
s.n.
AMAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
TROY000028598 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Brian R. Keener
5097
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
49830AUA_ACC Henry 14 FEB 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5681
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
TROY000037410 Bullock 15 Feb 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23744
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
53449AUA_ACC Jackson 11 APR 1991 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1933
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
JSU113446 Cullman 30 Mar 19?? Lucinda Preiss
55
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
AMAL00001295 Madison 15 Mar 1997 S. J. Threlkeld
956
AMAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113450 Etowah 27 Mar 1973 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
SAMF0000751 Jefferson 15 Feb 1957 Helms, Peggy
s.n.
SAMF
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UNA00058798 Marshall 25 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2713
UNA
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0005022 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5123
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113454 Jefferson 13 Mar 1987 M. G. Bussey
1330
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
57586AUA_ACC Houston 7 FEB 1992 MACDONALD, JOHN R.
5842
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
JSU113457 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113456 Marshall 21 Apr 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9757
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
AMAL00010828 Marshall 25 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2713
AMAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0032329 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6121
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0013855 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1509
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
AMAL00001294 Etowah 6 Apr 1995 D. D. Spaulding
7855
AMAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0005020 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5097
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
TROY000036113 Sumter 26 Feb 2012 Brian R. Keener
6871
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
TROY000037424 Butler 17 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23828
TROY
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
1916AUA_ACC Lee 28 MAR 1952 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
42029AUA_ACC Conecuh 17 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2117
AUA
CORALLORHIZA WISTERIANA CONRAD
SAMF0005981 Jefferson 13 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6034
SAMF
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
SAMF0000750 Jefferson 15 Feb 1957 McCullough, H. A.
s.n.
SAMF
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
JSU113449 Etowah 19 Mar 1995 L. M. Hodge
4098
JSU
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
UWAL0005021 Marshall 25 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2713
UWAL
Corallorhiza wisteriana Conrad
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