Veratrum virginicum

Family:MELANTHIACEAE
Species:Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) W.T. Aiton
Common Name:Virginia Bunchflower; Bog Bunchflower; Bunch Lily
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VEVI5
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMELANTHIACEAE - Bunchflower Family family
Genus Veratrum
Species Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) W.T. Aiton - Virginia Bunchflower; Bog Bunchflower; Bunch Lily

Citation

Citation Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Aiton f., Hort. Kew., ed. 2. 5: 426. 1813.
Basionym: Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 467.1). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 65. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Evonyxis monoica Evonyxis monoica (Walter) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 29. 1837 ("1836").Melanthium monoicum Walter 1788. 
Evonyxis virginica Evonyxis virginica (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 29. 1837 ("1836").Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Helonias virginica Helonias virginica (Linnaeus) Sims, Bot. Mag. 25: pl. 985. 1807.Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Leimanthium monoicum Leimanthium monoicum (Walter) Schultes & Schultes f., in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1550. 1830.Melanthium monoicum Walter 1788. 
Leimanthium virginicum Leimanthium virginicum (Linnaeus) Willdenow, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. 2: 24. 1808.Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanthium biglandulosum Melanthium biglandulosum Bertoloni, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 316. 1850.  
Melanthium monoicum Melanthium monoicum Walter, Fl. Carol. 125. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Melanthium polygamum Melanthium polygamum Desrousseaux, in Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 25. 1797.  
Melanthium dispersum Melanthium dispersum Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 606. 1898. FLORIDA: Walton Co.: Without locality, 1885, Curtiss s.n. (holotype: NY).
Melanthium virginicum Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 339. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 467.1). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis et al., Regnum Veg. 127: 65. 1993.
Zigadenus virginicus Zigadenus virginicus (Linnaeus) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 195. 1843.Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Clay, Cleburne, Covington, Etowah, Geneva, Lamar, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU136338 Cleburne 30 Jun 1994 S. E. Hruska
269
JSU
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Aiton f.
SAMF0000729 Sumter 22 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3695
SAMF
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
UNA00021959 Autauga 22 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53229
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
AUA_ACC030539 Macon 1 JUL 1976 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
TROY000028901 Sumter 22 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3695
TROY
Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus
AUA000036741 Covington 21 Oct 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4460
AUA
VERATRUM VIRGINICUM (L.) AIT. F.
JSU103108 Clay 1 Jul 1993 J. M. Ballard
2888
JSU
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) W.T. Aiton
UNA00028625 Autauga 25 Jun 1995 Robert R. Haynes
9542
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
AUA_ACC030561 Macon 21 JUL 1976 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
AMAL00008883 Randolph 02 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
3510
AMAL
Melanthium virginicum L.
UNA00007515 Baldwin _ Jun 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
UWAL0016910 Lamar 29 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
5045
UWAL
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) W.T. Aiton
TROY000044674 Geneva 17 Aug 2017 Cameron Byrd
1435
TROY
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) W.T. Aiton
UNA00007530 Limestone 16 Aug 1979 Russell A. Meigs
219
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
UNA00021960 Autauga 22 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53229
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
AUA_ACC030541 Macon 1 JUL 1976 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
AUA_ACC073889 Covington 21 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4460
AUA
VERATRUM VIRGINICUM (L.) AIT. F.
UNA00007520 s.d. Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
UNA00028624 Autauga 25 Jun 1995 Robert R. Haynes
9542
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
AUA_ACC030542 Macon 1 JUL 1976 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
AUA_ACC012831 Lee 29 JUN 1964 MOORE, J. C.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
UNA00064001 Bibb 5 Jul 2003 Alfred Schotz
1899
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
UWAL0004736 Sumter 22 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3695
UWAL
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
AUA_ACC030559 Macon 21 JUL 1976 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
AMAL00014061 Sumter 22 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3695
AMAL
Melanthium virginicum L.
AUA_ACC026653 Walker 30 JUN 1974 JARECKI, PAUL J.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
JSU103107 Clay 1 Jul 1993 J. M. Ballard
2888
JSU
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) W.T. Aiton
TROY000011211 Bullock 12 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13560
TROY
Melanthium virginicum Linnaeus
JSU102443 Russell 27 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62178
JSU
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Aiton f.
AUA_ACC030562 Macon 21 JUL 1976 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
AUA_ACC033729 St. Clair 22 JUN 1978 OWSLEY, C. M.
S.N.
AUA
MELANTHIUM VIRGINICUM L.
UNA00068849 Sumter 22 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3695
UNA
Veratrum virginicum (L.) Ait. f.
TROY000043074 Lamar 29 Jun 2014 J. Kevin England
5045
TROY
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) W.T. Aiton
JSU102442 Etowah 28 May 1995 L. M. Hodge
4261
JSU
Veratrum virginicum (Linnaeus) Aiton f.
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