Lilium superbum

Family:LILIACEAE
Species:Lilium superbum Linnaeus
Common Name:Turk's Cap Lily; Lily Royal
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LISU
Plant Notes:Turk's Cap Lily is a native herbaceous perennial in the Lily family (Liliaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Turk's Cap Lily occurs in rich hardwood forests, in floodplain forests, along streams, in seeps, and on wet roadsides. It is a perennial with a scaly bulb. New bulbs are produced on short rhizomes. Stems are 3-8 feet tall, green in color, and unbranched below the inflorescence. The leaves are in 6-24 whorls of 3-20 leaves per whorl along the stem. The leaves are elliptic to oblanceolate in outline, and glabrous. Flowers are produced in terminal racemes. Each raceme has from 1-22 flowers. Individual flowers are pendent, non-fragrant, with 6 reflexed tepals. The tepals are yellow, orange, or reddish in color and spotted with purple-brown spots. There is a green six-pointed “star” in the center of the flower. The stamens are long exserted with purple anthers. The fruit is a capsule with numerous flat, papery, triangular, black seed. Turk's Cap Lily is pollinated by swallowtail butterflies such as the spicebush (Papilio troilus Linnaeus), pipevine (Battus philenor Linnaeus), and eastern tiger (Papilio glaucus Linnaeus). Turk's Cap Lily is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It prefers full or partial sun, rich loamy soil, and moist conditions. Deer heavily browse this plant, and squirrels and other small rodents will dig up and consume the bulbs. Turk's Cap Lily is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state) and globally as a G5 species (demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI), S2 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLILIACEAE - Lily family
Genus Lilium
Species Lilium superbum Linnaeus - Turk's Cap Lily; Lily Royal

Citation

Citation LILIUM SUPERBUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 434. 1762.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 420.8). Lectotypified by W. P. Adams & Dress, Baileya 21: 179. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lilium canadense subsp. superbum Lilium canadense Linnaeus, subsp. superbum (Linnaeus) Baker, Gard. Chron. 1871: 1165. 1871.Lilium superbum Linnaeus 1762. 
Lilium gazarubrum Lilium gazarubrum Roane & M. K. Henry, Quart. Bull. N. Amer. Lily Soc. 34(1): 28-29. 1980.  
Lilium mary-henryae Lilium mary-henryae Roane & M. K. Henry, Quart. Bull. N. Amer. Lily Soc. 34(1): 26-27. 1980.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Choctaw, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Escambia, Henry, Jackson, Macon, Marengo, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0018937 Marengo 25 Jul 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8541
UWAL
Lilium superbum L.
AUA_ACC056459 Butler 12 AUG 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9836
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
TROY000037244 Crenshaw 28 Jul 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24405
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UNA00065796 Butler 15 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16690
UNA
Lilium superbum L.
TROY000029214 Butler 25 Jul 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20841
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
TROY000042744 Choctaw 25 Jul 2013 J. Kevin England
4431
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0033730 Marengo 24 Jul 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9739
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
AMAL00019026 Bullock 16 Jul 2010 Eric C. Soehren
s.n.
AMAL
Lilium superbum L.
AUA_ACC005337 Tallapoosa 17 JUL 1968 GRIMES, JR., E. S.
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
UNA00023517 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9470
UNA
Lilium superbum L.
JSU129298 Russell 13 Jul 1978 R. Kral
62295
JSU
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
TROY000011192 Butler 26 Jul 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17823
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0039838 Butler 13 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27611
UWAL
Lilium superbum L.
TROY000041615 Crenshaw 26 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25378
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC030538 Macon 1 JUL 1976 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
TROY000032776 Bullock 20 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22364
TROY
Lillium superbum Linnaeus
JSU129297 Russell 13 Jul 1978 R. Kral
62295
JSU
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0011022 Crenshaw 14 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23170
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0013823 Crenshaw 28 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24405
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC048747 Henry 28 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5308
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
UNA00007452 Jackson 5 Jul 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7993
UNA
Lilium superbum L.
AUA_ACC016641 Macon 15 AUG 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
S.N.
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
AUA_ACC039921 Conecuh 14 JUL 1983 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
UWAL0014731 Choctaw 25 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4431
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0030147 Marengo 08 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4374
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
TROY000036045 Bullock 13 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
989
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
TROY000040662 Crenshaw 19 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25348
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0016665 Crenshaw 26 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25378
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC047384 Randolph 2 AUG 1973 RUSSELL, ROBIN
215
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
AUA_ACC055358 Shelby 15 JUN 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8672
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
AUA_ACC039922 Conecuh 1 JUL 1983 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
LILIUM SUPERBUM L.
UNA00007446 Jackson 5 Jul 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7993
UNA
Lilium superbum L.
TROY000011193 Butler 15 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16690
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0033731 Sumter 24 Jul 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9738
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0004723 Sumter 26 Jul 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3776
UWAL
Lilium superbum L.
TROY000035297 Crenshaw 14 Jul 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23170
TROY
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
SAMF0001708 Chilton 30 Jul 2013 Davenport, L. J.
5524
SAMF
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0033729 Marengo 24 Jul 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9739
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UWAL0017844 Baldwin 13 Aug 1973 Kral, R.
51222
UWAL
Lilium superbum L.
UWAL0016761 Crenshaw 19 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25348
UWAL
Lilium superbum Linnaeus
UNA00023516 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9470
UNA
Lilium superbum L.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: