Erythronium umbilicatum

Family:LILIACEAE
Species:Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
Common Name:Dimpled Trout Lily; Dimpled Fawn Lily
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Dimpled Trout Lily is a native perennial in the Lily family (Liliaceae). It can be found in the northern half of Alabama. Dimpled Trout Lily grows in mesic hardwood forest, along streams, and in limestone areas. It is a perennial from a small, white, pointed bulb. Another common name of species in this genus is “Dog Tooth Violet” and refers to the white tooth-shaped bulb. Dimpled Trout Lily seedling produce a single elliptic to ovate-lanceolate leaf with entire margins. Mature plants produce two leaves. The leaves are mottled in silver green, green, and reddish green. . The common name “Trout Lily” or “Fawn Lily” refers to the mottled appearance of the leaves. Mature plants produce a single nodding flower on a scape 2-8 inches in height. The tepals (a term used for both the petals and sepals when they are similar in shape and color) are strongly reflexed and bright yellow in color on the inner surface and purple/orange on the outer surface. They may have brownish or purple spots near the center of the flower. The anthers are brown or purple. The petals lack auricles (ear lobe like extensions at the base). The fruit is a capsule that has a distinct indention at the base of the style. After pollination the scape falls over and the capsule develops on the surface on the leaves or covered by them. The seed possess an eliasome (a fleshy appendage that is rich in oils, fats, and proteins). This is a special adaptation for ant dispersal. Ant dispersal of seed is known as myrmecochory. Dimpled Trout Lily is listed as a S1 species in Alabama (typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in the state). Dimpled Trout Lily is offered for sale from some native plant nurseries. It prefers a moist, organic rich soil in full shade under hardwoods. Do not purchase plants that have been wild collected. It is also not a good idea to try to dig wild plants. The bulb is often de
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI), S1 (State Rank), G5T5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLILIACEAE - Lily family
Genus Erythronium
Species Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin - Dimpled Trout Lily; Dimpled Fawn Lily

Citation

Citation ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM C. Parks & Hardin, Brittonia 15: 252. 1963.
Basionym: **
Type: NORTH CAROLINA: Iredell Co.: 9 mi. W of Statesville, s.d., Hardin 2368 (holotype: NSC).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Calhoun, Clay, Cleburne, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Jackson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Macon, Marshall, Morgan, Randolph, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0032498 Lamar 15 Mar 2015 England, J. Kevin
5342
UWAL
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. umbilicatum
UNA00061258 Lawrence 19 Apr 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11742b
UNA
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin subsp. umbilicatum
JSU102229 Clay 27 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10473
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102224 Clay 10 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10432
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102222 Calhoun 14 Mar 1987 C. L. Lawler
1508
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC048623 Macon 13 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4196
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102245 Morgan 13 Apr 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9750
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AMAL00007272 Lawrence 19 Apr 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11742
AMAL
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. umbilicatum
UNA00007400 Lauderdale 2 Apr 1966 Joab L. Thomas
795
UNA
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin subsp. umbilicatum
JSU102241 DeKalb 24 Apr 1978 R. Kral
61609
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102232 Cleburne 13 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10443
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
TROY000026295 Lawrence 19 Apr 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11742b
TROY
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102238 Cleburne 04 Mar 1982 C. L. Moon
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
AUA_ACC050569 Cleburne 13 FEB 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6662
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
AUA_ACC056279 Jackson 14 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49582
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102247 Randolph 17 Mar 1992 D. S. Bailey
2
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
AUA_ACC050570 Cleburne 5 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6688
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
AMAL00001151 Randolph 02 Mar 1989 Daniel D. Spaulding
32
AMAL
Erythronium umbilicatum
JSU102251 Talladega 05 May 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9943
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102249 Randolph 13 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
585
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC056162 Randolph 18 MAR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9025
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102228 Clay 23 Apr 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9870
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
TROY000037408 Macon 12 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23796
TROY
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102246 Randolph 10 Mar 1992 J. M. Ballard
78
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
JSU102243 Elmore 09 Mar 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
UNA00007332 Clay 26 Mar 1948 Roland M. Harper
4050
UNA
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin subsp. umbilicatum
JSU102221 Calhoun 14 Mar 1995 S. E. Hruska
93
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102254 Talladega 01 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
542
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102230 Cleburne 24 Feb 1996 C. P. Rogers
004
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
TROY000037427 Macon 18 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23843
TROY
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC046977 Clay 25 MAR 1978 LAMB, TRIP
12
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
AUA_ACC058046 Randolph 2 APR 1989 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102225 Clay 03 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1150
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC050567 Cleburne 10 FEB 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6634
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
UNA00007342 Clay 8 Mar 1949 Roland M. Harper
4105
UNA
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin subsp. umbilicatum
AUA_ACC064184 Randolph 22 APR 1988 NIXON, C. F.
3698
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102235 Cleburne 28 Mar 1971 P. Draper
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
JSU102239 Cleburne 03 Mar 1983 C. F. Nixon
16
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102252 Talladega 17 Mar 1968 Charles Payton
s.n.
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
JSU102226 Clay 21 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10466
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC062585 Randolph 27 MAR 2003 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
03-78
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102231 Cleburne 08 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1137
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102253 Talladega 04 Mar 1993 L. L. Weninegar
26
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
UNA00007312 Randolph 29 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7755
UNA
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102233 Cleburne 24 Apr 1978 R. Kral
61627
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC027422 Randolph 13 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
269
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
UWAL0013105 Macon 12 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23796
UWAL
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102250 Randolph 05 Apr 1979 C. Maclin
37
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC046434 Randolph 3 APR 1978 HIGHT, M. CONNIE
233
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
SAMF0004588 Randolph 27 Mar 2003 Hansen, C. J.
03-78
SAMF
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102236 Cleburne 08 Mar 1984 Donna Beavers
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AMAL00001149 Etowah 06 Apr 1995 D. D. Spaulding
7848
AMAL
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. umbilicatum
UNA00006434 Tuscaloosa _ Apr 1873 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin subsp. umbilicatum
JSU102242 DeKalb 02 May 1967 R. Dean
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
AUA_ACC050568 Cleburne 12 FEB 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6654
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102227 Clay 10 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10438
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102223 Calhoun 16 Mar 1986 C. L. Lawler
105
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
JSU102237 Cleburne 11 Mar 1971 Trena Cole
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin ssp. Umbilicatum
UWAL0013027 Macon 18 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23843
UWAL
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
UNA00057825 Macon 13 Mar 1988 Alvin R. Diamond
4196
UNA
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
SAMF0000703 Shelby 06 Mar 1959 McCullough, H. A.
s.n.
SAMF
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102234 Cleburne 08 Apr 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9790
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102248 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
632
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
AUA_ACC058733 Cleburne 25 APR 1981 CAUSEY, ANN S.
2129
AUA
ERYTHRONIUM UMBILICATUM PARKS & HARDIN
JSU102244 Marshall 13 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1322
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
JSU102240 Cleburne 03 Mar 1983 Jane Reedy
6
JSU
Erythronium umbilicatum Parks & Hardin
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