Aralia spinosa

Family:ARALIACEAE
Species:Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
Common Name:Devil's Walkingstick; Hercules Club; Prickly Ash
Habitat:Forest edges, fence rows, forest openings, and thickets.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ARSP2
Plant Notes:Devil's Walkingstick is a native deciduous shrub or small tree in the Ginseng family (Araliaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Devil's Walkingstick grows in forest openings, on slopes and banks, along fence rows, and along streams. Stems are unbranched until after the first flowering. Then they are sparsely branched with up-right cane-like stems. Stems are armed with straight, sharp prickles. Leaves are alternate, twice or thrice odd pinnately compound. The bases of the leaves are inflated and fused with the stipules. They clasp the stem and extend ½-2/3’s of the way around the stem. Leaves are clustered umbrella-like at the apex of the stems. Leaves may be five feet long and four feet wide. The leaflets are stalked, ovate in outline, and irregularly serrate. The leaf petioles and midribs may be armed with hooked prickles. Leaves become yellowish-brown in the autumn before leaf fall. Flowers are produced in terminal compound panicles. The panicles may be 3 feet long and 2 feet wide. Individual flowers are grouped in ball-like umbels. Flowers are greenish-white in color and have 5 petals. The fruit is a blue-black drupe. Devil's Walkingstick is an interesting “conservation piece” for the garden. It is very exotic looking with its large leaves and cane-like stems. The flowers attract a wide range of pollinators and the fruit are consumed by many bird and small mammal species. Devil's Walkingstick should be planted away from paths where people will not come into contact with the armed stems. It can be used along a woodland edge or along the back of a shrub bed. Devil's Walkingstick can be grown from seed and root suckers transplant well when young.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyARALIACEAE - Ginseng family
Genus Aralia
Species Aralia spinosa Linnaeus - Devil's Walkingstick; Hercules Club; Prickly Ash

Citation

Citation ARALIA SPINOSA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 273. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Cult. in Netherlands, without data, Herb. Clifford 113 (1, sine "4") (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Wen & Reveal, Taxon 41: 73. 1992.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Angelica spinosa Angelica spinosa (Linnaeus) Shecut, Fl. Carol. 167. 1806.Aralia spinosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Aralia leroana Aralia leroana K. Koch, Wochenschr. Gaertneri Pflanzenk. 7: 369. 1864.  
Aralia spinosa var. inermis Aralia spinosa Linnaeus, var. inermis Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 209. 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Near Charleston,

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU119775 Etowah 24 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2899
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00037028 Tuscaloosa 26 Jun 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1068
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
AMAL00005840 Barbour 10 May 1997 John R. MacDonald
10453
AMAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119772 Clarke 14 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18921
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00037044 Hale 27 Jul 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1451
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
64133AUA_ACC Marshall 20 SEP 1986 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
15710
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119778 DeKalb 28 Jul 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15358
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00069001 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 T. Wayne Barger
288
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
TROY000036146 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
993
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119782 Lawrence 6 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3137
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001221 Pike 18 Apr 1989 Lola M. Blanton
s.n.
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
AMAL00011570 Escambia 28 June 1961 H.E. Grelen
515
AMAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000042538 Henry 16 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26602
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNAF0000563 Franklin 24 Oct 1984 n.n.
s.n.
UNAF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001218 Dale 18 Jul 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000014127 Tallapoosa 13 Jun 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
202
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
26799AUA_ACC Tallapoosa 22 JUL 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
419
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
USAM000001518 Baldwin 10 Oct 1977 Michel G. Lelong
9951
USAM
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
17126AUA_ACC Lee 5 AUG 1969 MILLER, L. C.
226
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
TROY000001217 Dale 28 Jul 2000 Tiffany Pennington
950
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000030795 Tallapoosa 22 Jul 1974 T. A. Hutto
419
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00050875 Lamar 3 Oct 1993 Robert Burckhalter
2478
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
SAMF0005857 Cleburne 01 Jun 2002 Hataway, Drew
6
SAMF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119789 Randolph 7 Sep 1991 R. D. Whetstone
16115
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119785 Marshall 15 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
963a
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
17128AUA_ACC Morgan 2 AUG 1969 ATKESON, THOMAS D.
205
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119773 Colbert 5 Jul 1969 Donny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119771 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
313
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
62151AUA_ACC Barbour 10 JUL 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-299)
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
TROY000033065 Covington 09 Jul 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
4137
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNAF0000567 Lauderdale 24 Oct 1983 Nash, Susan
s.n.
UNAF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001216 Coffee 16 Jul 1999 Brian H. Martin
89
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
69387AUA_ACC Covington 9 JUL 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4137
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
7013AUA_ACC Lee 10 AUG 1959 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119777 DeKalb 24 Sep 1993 Lesley M. Hodge
634
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
12856AUA_ACC Colbert 26 AUG 1965 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
SAMF0005859 Blount 17 Jul 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5257
SAMF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119790 Randolph 6 Oct 1983 C. F. Nixon
482
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119786 Marshall 20 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15710
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00050874 Lamar 3 Oct 1993 Robert Burckhalter
2478
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
UWAL0039583 Montgomery 22 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25433
UWAL
Aralia spinosa L.
JSU119787 Marshall 29 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7808
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00060533 Lawrence 29 Sep 1973 Unknown
160
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
JSU119795 Marshall 2 Aug 1982 Donna K. Minor
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119781 Jefferson 5 Oct 1984 J. P. Barber
1109
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
62152AUA_ACC Barbour 10 JUL 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-299)
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
TROY000040624 Houston 24 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25460
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNAF0000566 Lauderdale 22 Oct 1983 Nash, Susan
s.n.
UNAF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001215 Coffee 16 Jul 1999 Brian H. Martin
89
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
70315AUA_ACC Covington 19 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3965
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
25892AUA_ACC Lee 7 AUG 1972 JOHNSTON, W.
235
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119770 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00041681 St. Clair 9 Nov 1997 Brian R. Keener
501
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
36988AUA_ACC Clarke 26 MAR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
021
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
UNA00057107 Barbour 10 May 1997 John R. MacDonald
10453
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
UNAF0000565 Colbert 05 Jul 1991 Craigge, Jason
s.n.
UNAF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0011009 Conecuh 28 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23205
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
25912AUA_ACC Lee 7 AUG 1972 STREET, JIMMY J.
184
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
UWAL0032093 Houston 09 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26562
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000035194 Crenshaw 21 Jul 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23188
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
SAMF0005854 Montgomery 01 May 1965 Myers, Martha Crystal
s.n.
SAMF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119792 Talladega 21 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001220 Dale 8 Sep 1997 Hannelore Rundell
321
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
38554AUA_ACC Lowndes 6 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1118
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
NY02558485 St. Clair 1878 George R. Vasey
s.n.
NY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
12451AUA_ACC Lee 18 APR 1964 BOZARTH, GENE A.
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU140059 Monroe 05 Jul 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-266
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0011157 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3694
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
20892AUA_ACC DeKalb 25 JUL 1970 HOLCOMBE, W. H.
079
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119767 Bibb 7 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1996
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00037021 Mobile _ May _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
AMAL00019377 Calhoun 25 Jul 1994 J.M. Ballard
4166
AMAL
Aralia spinosa L.
JSU119788 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18456
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00021803 Lauderdale 21 Jan 1990 Robert Burckhalter
1756
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
58383AUA_ACC Tallapoosa 9 AUG 1997 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER125
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119774 DeKalb 23 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5217
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
SAMF0005855 Blount 06 Aug 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4003
SAMF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000014454 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17976
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119794 Talladega 2 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
433
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001223 Pike 5 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
283
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
AMAL00008786 Russell 2 Aug 2002 G. Gil
2001-313
AMAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
NY02558480 Sumter 01 Jul 1927 William H. Rhoades
13969
NY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
55012AUA_ACC Pike 13 AUG 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9842
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
UNAF0000564 Calhoun 01 Jul 1969 Millican, Linda
261
UNAF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000033448 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Bailee Dykes
107
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000014126 DeKalb 10 Sep 1993 T. L. Dobson
185
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
5365BAUA_ACC Lee 3 AUG 1968 HONNELL, ANGELINE H.
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119769 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0034083 Cullman 09 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14378
UWAL
Aralia spinosa L.
37433AUA_ACC Jackson 20 AUG 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
429
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
UNA00048900 Barbour 10 May 1997 John R. MacDonald
10453
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
UWAL0016676 Houston 24 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25460
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
23510AUA_ACC Russell 12 AUG 1971 STRAIT, DAN B.
174
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
UWAL0017106 Colbert 08 Jul 2014 England, J. Kevin
5083
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000042593 Houston 09 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26562
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
AMAL00017732 Lauderdale 25 Jun 2009 Brian D. Holt
73
AMAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119776 DeKalb 15 Apr 1967 G. Collier
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001219 Dale 19 Oct 1997 Hannelore Rundell
453
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
62248AUA_ACC Russell 2 AUG 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-313)
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
NY02558541 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 G. Gil
299
NY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0035934 Blount 19 Apr 2015 Anderson, Kelly
0817
UWAL
Aralia spinosa L.
JSU140058 Monroe 05 Jul 2011 T. Wayne Barger
RH-226
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0001944 Covington 09 Jul 2009 Hansen, C.J.
4137
UWAL
Aralia spinosa L.
37448AUA_ACC Franklin 7 AUG 1981 HENDERSON, T.
335
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119784 Madison 29 Jun 1969 Jessica Tuder
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0033442 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6750
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
17127AUA_ACC Lee 5 AUG 1969 MILLER, L. C.
226
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
UWAL0011198 Crenshaw 21 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23188
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000033896 Houston 08 Oct 2011 Whitney Senn
72
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00037022 Lowndes 6 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1118
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
UWAL0017260 Lawrence 08 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3614
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119783 Lee 27 Sep 1973 D. Wright
036
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
17129AUA_ACC Morgan 2 AUG 1969 ATKESON, THOMAS D.
205
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119791 Shelby 25 Sep 1983 F. Lowe
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119768 Calhoun 1 Jul 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
62249AUA_ACC Russell 2 AUG 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-313)
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
TROY000033064 Covington 09 Jul 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
4137
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNAF0000568 Lauderdale 25 Apr 1995 Watts, Rick
14
UNAF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0001943 Covington 09 Jul 2009 Hansen, C.J.
4137
UWAL
Aralia spinosa L.
69422AUA_ACC Covington 9 JUL 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4137
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
SAMF0005856 Cherokee 22 Sep 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4039
SAMF
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119780 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
911
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00037032 Winston s.d. C. B. Segars
55
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
25890AUA_ACC Macon 12 AUG 1972 POUNDERS, C. T.
204
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
AMAL00004921 Lawrence 27 Jun 1983 Vickie Sell
25
AMAL
Aralia spinosa L.
TROY000035292 Conecuh 28 Jul 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23205
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UNA00060527 Hale 10 Oct 1982 Robert Burckhalter
56
UNA
Aralia spinosa L.
11632AUA_ACC Lee 3 AUG 1967 TEEM, DAVID H.
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
JSU119779 DeKalb 23 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5217
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
56457AUA_ACC Crenshaw 3 SEP 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9906
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
UWAL0011564 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0993
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
JSU119793 Talladega 2 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
433
JSU
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
TROY000001222 Pike 21 Aug 2000 James A. Hall
137
TROY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
AMAL00008787 Russell 2 Aug 2002 G. Gil
2001-313
AMAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
NY02558527 St. Clair 1878 George R. Vasey
s.n.
NY
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
23511AUA_ACC Macon 14 AUG 1971 COOK, HARRY D.
110
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
USAM000001519 Mobile 31 Oct 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4924
USAM
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
UWAL0030993 Henry 16 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26602
UWAL
Aralia spinosa Linnaeus
5365AAUA_ACC Lee 3 AUG 1968 HONNELL, ANGELINE H.
AUA
ARALIA SPINOSA L.
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