Iris verna var. smalliana

Family:IRIDACEAE
Species:Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
Common Name:Upland Dwarf Iris
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Upland Dwarf Iris is a native herbaceous perennial in the Iris family (Iridaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama. Upland Dwarf Iris occurs in sandhills, in scrub oak woods, in Longleaf pine forests, in rocky woods, and on slopes and banks. It usually occurs on dry sites. It is a perennial with a scaly rhizome. Leaves are clustered at the apex of the rhizome. The leaves are semi-evergreen, crowed into a “fan”, ensiform (sword shaped) in outline, glabrous, and with entire margins. Flowers are solitary and subtended by 2 leaf-like spathes. The flowers have 3 blue sepals that arch outward. The sepals are marked with an orange and white stripe along their middle. There are 3 erect blue petals. The sepals are known as “falls”, and the petals are called “flags” or “banners”. The flowers are fragrant. The fruit is a capsule. Upland Dwarf Iris is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a well-draining soil in full sun. Once established Upland Dwarf Iris is drought tolerant.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyIRIDACEAE - Iris family
Genus Iris
Species Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards - Upland Dwarf Iris

Citation

Citation IRIS VERNA Linnaeus, var. SMALLIANA Fernald ex M. E. Edwards, Rhodora 71: 213. 1969.
Basionym: **
Type: TENNESSEE: Cumberland Co.: E of Crossville, 2 May 1935, Svenson 7635 (holotype: GH; isotypes: NY, TENN).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Iris floridana Iris floridana Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 92. 1838. "Florida and Alabama",
Neubeckia verna    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Cullman, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1874 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU144047 Calhoun 23 Apr 1993 F. Hutchinson
1329
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AMAL00000923 Cullman 07 May 2000 R. Kral
89544
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. Ex M.E. Edwards
UWAL0019131 Choctaw 08 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
85989
UWAL
Iris verna L.
JSU116603 Randolph 2 Apr 1986 C. F. Nixon
2095
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UNA00008084 Cullman 07 Apr 1884 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Iris verna L.
UNA00008027 Washington 09 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
879
UNA
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116576 Clay 2 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1294
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC046856 Randolph 18 APR 1981 FLOYD, ED
052
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116585 Cleburne 9 Apr 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000903 Shelby 13 Sep 1988 Davenport, L. J.
2549
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
JSU116567 Blount 31 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7844
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000908 Tuscaloosa 15 May 1964 Johnson, Carol
65
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
AUA_ACC016801 Tallapoosa 17 APR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
AUA_ACC015137 Lee 5 APR 1969 BARNES, W. K.
107
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116580 Cleburne 4 Apr 1994 S. E. Hruska
103
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC013257 Cleburne 9 APR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
SAMF0000902 Bibb 18 Apr 2009 Davenport, L. J.
3942
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
JSU116598 Marshall 10 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1576
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA000030752 Escambia 23 Mar 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4990
AUA
IRIS VERNA
TROY000028904 St. Clair 06 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4181
TROY
Iris verna Linnaeus
UNA00059229 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Iris verna L.
UNA00041815 Clay 02 Apr 1998 Robert R. Haynes
9652
UNA
Iris verna L.
JSU142730 Cherokee 01 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7956
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116596 Jefferson 9 Apr 1985 J. P. Barber
1384
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UWAL0004564 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5074
UWAL
Iris verna L.
JSU116572 Cherokee 19 Apr 1969 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116582 Cleburne 29 Apr 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
594
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC046832 Coosa 11 APR 1981 MAYNARD, J. A.
016
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
AMAL00010098 Lawrence 10 Apr 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12083
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. Ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000904 Jefferson 16 Apr 1965 Myers, Martha Crystal
s.n.
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
USAM000007403 Mobile 22 Mar 1968 D. L. Scott & B. E. Wofford
101
USAM
Iris verna Linnaeus
AUA_ACC015138 Talladega 20 APR 1969 BURTON, DAN
043
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116601 Randolph 11 Apr 1974 T. A. Atkinson
119
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC025177 Calhoun 15 APR 1972 REDMOND, BILL
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
SAMF0000909 Cherokee 19 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4255
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
JSU116599 Marshall 5 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1315a
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC029272 Tallapoosa 6 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2011
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
AMAL00019480 St. Clair 06 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4181
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. Ex M.E. Edwards
UNA00008181 Tuscaloosa 01 Apr 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Iris verna L.
JSU142775 Bibb 13 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38373
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116608 Talladega 2 Apr 1967 J. Reynolds
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116591 Etowah 6 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1091
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116578 Clay 3 May 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
617
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
USAM000007401 Mobile 04 Apr 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4280.2
USAM
Iris verna Linnaeus
TROY000040733 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Brian R. Keener
7741
TROY
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
AMAL00000921 Baldwin 26 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8680
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. Ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC039851 Conecuh 23 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
147
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
UWAL0012147 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7733
UWAL
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC030938 Coosa 7 APR 1974 CLAYBROOK, CHARLES R.
051
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116605 St. Clair 6 Apr 1976 W. E. Kirkpatrick
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC027503 Randolph 12 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
233
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU144452 Cleburne 29 Mar 1993 F. Hutchinson
1266
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000910 St. Clair 28 Mar 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4614
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
UWAL0008251 Montgomery 07 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21872
UWAL
Iris verna Linnaeus
JSU116604 St. Clair 2 Apr 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10842
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116574 Cherokee 6 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
108
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UNA00064120 Lawrence 10 Apr 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12083
UNA
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. ex M.E. Edwards
UNA00021493 Bibb 04 Apr 1990 Robert Burckhalter
1765
UNA
Iris verna L.
JSU116577 Clay 2 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1311
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC013168 Tallapoosa 8 APR 1967 GOLDEN, MICHAEL S.
20
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116593 Etowah 29 Mar 1956 Maxine Blessing
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC030940 Winston 13 APR 1974 LANCASTER, D. S.
217
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116606 Shelby 4 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16281
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000905 Jefferson 04 Apr 1955 Jones, Ross
s.n.
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
AUA_ACC013174 Talladega 8 APR 1967 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
AUA_ACC067293 Chilton 21 APR 2006 BEARDEN, R. A.
19
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116573 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1001
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC033685 DeKalb 6 MAY 1979 OWSLEY, C. M.
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116579 Cleburne 13 Apr 1996 C. P. Rogers
48
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC026684 Sumter 3 APR 1974 GWALTNEY, JOHN
S. N.
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
UWAL0004565 Cleburne 08 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3466
UWAL
Iris verna L.
AMAL00000922 Calhoun 09 Apr 1988 K. E. Snowden
218
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. Ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116568 Calhoun 12 Apr 1987 C. L. Lawler
1536
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UNA00008074 Elmore 16 Apr 1977 Denise Harvey
184
UNA
Iris verna L.
UNA00008064 Calhoun 17 Apr 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7094
UNA
Iris verna L.
JSU116595 Jefferson 9 Apr 1985 J. P. Barber
1384
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
TROY000010859 Coffee 04 Sep 2000 Brian H. Martin
956
TROY
Iris verna Linnaeus
JSU116570 Calhoun 15 Apr 1970 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116583 Cleburne 29 Apr 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
578
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC012630 Cleburne 16 APR 1966 MARCHINTON, R. L.
28
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116571 Cherokee 6 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13097
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000900 Jefferson 26 Mar 1948 McCullough, M. F.
48-18
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
USAM000007402 Mobile 22 Mar 1968 D. L. Scott & B. E. Wofford
101
USAM
Iris verna Linnaeus
AUA_ACC011312 Tallapoosa 17 APR 1965 BROWN, JIMMY E.
80
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116575 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1036
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA000029743 Calhoun 16 APR 2016 PRUITT, S.
23
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
AUA_ACC013201 Jefferson 15 APR 1965 WRIGHT, LARRY
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
TROY000029201 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Brian R. Keener
5074
TROY
Iris verna Linnaeus
UWAL0010954 Washington 03 May 2007 Kral, R.
97951
UWAL
Iris verna L.
JSU116602 Randolph 18 Apr 1985 C. F. Nixon
1033
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UNA00068796 St. Clair 06 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4181
UNA
Iris verna L.
UNA00008044 Tuscaloosa 28 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
1103
UNA
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116600 Randolph 28 Mar 1955 Gene Hanson
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC067292 Escambia 25 FEB 2006 ELLIS, KAREN
9
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116587 DeKalb 20 Apr 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UWAL0039737 Conecuh 24 Mar 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28129
UWAL
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116586 Cullman 29 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7768
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000907 Jefferson 12 Apr 1957 Helms, Peggy
s.n.
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
AUA_ACC030931 Winston 13 APR 1974 JENKINS, J. D.
147
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
AUA_ACC040886 Cherokee 1 APR 1976 ATKINSON, T. A.
1001
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
JSU116609 Talladega 31 Mar 1956 Robert Maddox
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC036979 Clarke 26 MAR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
022B
AUA
IRIS VERNA L. var. SMALLIANA FERN. EX M.E. EDWARDS
AUA_ACC064482 Lawrence 10 APR 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12083
AUA
IRIS VERNA L. var. SMALLIANA FERN. EX M.E. EDWARDS
JSU116594 Jackson 6 May 1973 David Cook
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC033779 Shelby 18 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1012
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
UWAL0044252 Baldwin 10 Apr 2001 Larsen, H.S.
706
UWAL
Iris verna var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
UNA00008032 Bibb 11 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
533
UNA
Iris verna L.
JSU116581 Cleburne 19 Apr 1968 Dickie Brown
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AMAL00019667 Baldwin 24 Mar 2009 T. Wayne Barger
590
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. Ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116588 DeKalb 31 Mar 1993 L. Weninegar
87
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116592 Etowah 30 Mar 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116589 Etowah 26 Mar 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10812
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AMAL00019643 Monroe 08 Apr 2011 T. Wayne Barger
160
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fern. Ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC052355 Pike 27 MAR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9032
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
UWAL0004566 Lawrence 12 Apr 2008 England, J. Kevin
1920
UWAL
Iris verna L.
TROY000025696 Lawrence 10 Apr 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12083
TROY
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116597 Jefferson 13 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38378
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UWAL0042758 Winston 10 Apr 2019 England, J. Kevin
10069
UWAL
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
UWAL0012427 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1529
UWAL
Iris verna Linnaeus
AUA_ACC058187 Tallapoosa 11 APR 1998 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER 205
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
TROY000032465 Montgomery 07 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21872
TROY
Iris verna Linnaeus
AUA_ACC063314 St. Clair 4 APR 2003 SHANE UMPHREY
43
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
UNA00054127 Blount 04 Apr 1998 Brian R. Keener
558
UNA
Iris verna L.
UNA00055961 Henry 11 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
11033
UNA
Iris verna L.
JSU116569 Calhoun 11 Apr 1989 Erik Alford
172
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AMAL00019482 St. Clair 06 Apr 1976 W. E. Kirkpatrik
s.n.
AMAL
Iris verna L. var. smalliana Fernald
JSU116607 Shelby 17 Apr 1985 M. G. Bussey
1154
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116610 Walker 8 Apr 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
JSU116590 Etowah 26 Mar 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10812
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000906 Blount 01 Apr 1956 Avery, J. C.
s.n.
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
AUA_ACC021597 Winston 16 APR 1942 HENRY, MARY G.
3301
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
TROY000046235 Conecuh 24 Mar 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28129
TROY
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
AUA_ACC062893 Cleburne 6 APR 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
IRIS VERNA L.
UWAL0030848 Mobile 28 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73186
UWAL
Iris verna L.
JSU116584 Cleburne 10 Apr 1978 Rayford L. Machen
20
JSU
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M.E. Edwards
SAMF0000901 Bibb 07 Apr 2009 Davenport, L. J.
3922
SAMF
Iris verna Linnaeus var. smalliana Fernald ex M. E. Edwards
UWAL0004567 St. Clair 06 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4181
UWAL
Iris verna L.
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