Ilex cassine

Family:AQUIFOLIACEAE
Species:Ilex cassine Linnaeus
Common Name:Dahoon Holly; Cassena
Habitat:Cypress ponds, bogs, wet flatwoods.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ILCA
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAQUIFOLIACEAE - Holly family
Genus Ilex
Species Ilex cassine Linnaeus - Dahoon Holly; Cassena

Citation

Citation ILEX CASSINE Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 125. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina 1: t. 31. 1730). Lectotypified by González-Gutiérrez & Sierra-Calzado, in Greuter & Rankin, Fl. Republ. Cuba, ser. A. 9(1): 10. 2004.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ageria geminata Ageria geminata Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 48. 1838. "Apalachian Mts."
Ageria heterophyla Ageria heterophyla Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 48. 1838. "Florida and Alabama",
Ageria obovata Ageria obovata Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 48. 1838. FLORIDA
Ageria palustris Ageria palustris Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 47. 1838, nom. illegit.Ilex dahoon Walter 1788. 
Cassine ramulosa Cassine ramulosa Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 110. 1817. "on the seashore near Pensacola, and at Opelousas"
Ilex angustifolia Ilex angustifolia (Aiton) Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 172. 1809, non Salisbury 1796.Ilex cassine Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Aiton 1789. 
Ilex angustifolia Ilex angustifolia Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 70. 1796, nom. illegit.Ilex cassine Linnaeus 1753. 
Ilex angustifolia var. ligustrifolia Ilex angustifolia (Aiton) Willdenow, var. ligustrifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 118. 1814. "Virginia to Georgia"
Ilex caroliniana Ilex caroliniana Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768, nom. illegit.Ilex cassine Linnaeus 1753. 
Ilex cassine var. angustifolia Ilex cassine Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 170. 1789. "Carolina & Florida",
Ilex cassine var. ligustrifolia Ilex cassine Linnaeus, var. ligustrifolia (Pursh) Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 507. 1892.Ilex angustifolia (Aiton) Willdenow, var. ligustrifolia Pursh 1814. 
Ilex cassinoides Ilex cassinoides Dumont de Courset, Bot. Cult., ed. 2. 6: 251. 1811.  
Ilex cassinoides Ilex cassinoides Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 148. 1821, non Dumont de Courset 1811.  
Ilex castaneifolia Ilex castaneifolia Decaisne, Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 9: 186. 1854-1854.  
Ilex dahoon Ilex dahoon Walter, Fl. Carol. 241. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA
Ilex dahoon var. angustifolia Ilex dahoon Walter, var. angustifolia (Aiton) Torrey & A. Gray ex S. Watson, Bibl. Index N. Amer. Bot. 158. 1878.Ilex cassine Linnaeus, var. angustifolia Aiton 1789. 
Ilex dahoon var. ligustrina Ilex dahoon Walter, var. ligustrina A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 207. 1870.  
Ilex dahoon var. grandifolia Ilex dahoon Walter, var. grandifolia K. Koch, Dendrologie 2(1): 224. 1869, nom. inadmiss.Ilex dahoon Walter 1788. 
Ilex dahoon var. laurifolia Ilex dahoon Walter, var. laurifolia (Nuttall) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 14. 1825.Ilex laurifolia Nuttall 1822. 
Ilex floridana Ilex floridana Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 356. 1792. FLORIDA
Ilex lanceolata Ilex lanceolata Grisebach, Cat. Pl. Cub. 56. 1866, non (Pursh) Chapman 1860. CUBA: Without data, Wright 2217 (holotype: GOET; isotypes: GH, HAC, K, M, MA, NY(3 shts), S).
Ilex laurifolia Ilex laurifolia Nuttall, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 289. 1822. FLORIDA: "East Florida", without data, Ware s.n. (holotype: PH).
Ilex ligustrifolia Ilex ligustrifolia G. Don, Gen. Hist. 2: 19. 1832.  
Ilex ligustrina Ilex ligustrina Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 680. 1824, non Jacquin 1791. GEORGIA: Chatham Co.: Ogeechee Swamp at Preston's Old Field, about
Ilex religiosa Ilex religiosa Barton, Fl. Virgin. 66. 1812.  
Ilex wrightii Ilex wrightii Trelease, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 5: 349. 1892.Ilex lanceolata Grisebach 1866, non (Pursh) Chapman 1860. 
Ilex cassine var. latifolia Ilex cassine Linnaeus, var. latifolia Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 170. 1789, nom. inadmiss.Ilex cassine Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Covington, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000001397 Mobile 15 Oct 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4849.2
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
TROY000034444 Houston 11 Mar 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21770
TROY
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00020531 Baldwin 18 Apr 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
TROY000001123 Baldwin 12 May 2000 Robert Kral
89743
TROY
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001400 Baldwin 30 Jul 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6672
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
AUA_ACC063359 Covington 15 DEC 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14273
AUA
ILEX CASSINE L.
AUA_ACC058441 Baldwin 17 OCT 1996 TUCKER, JR., J. W.
AUA
ILEX CASSINE L.
USAM000001387 Baldwin 04 Oct 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8784
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
AMAL00005796 Baldwin 12 May 2000 R. Kral
89743
AMAL
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001383 Mobile 10 Nov 1982 Jennifer V. Cook
s.n.
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
AUA_ACC059885 Baldwin 12 AUG 1997 SORRIE, BRUCE A.
9390
AUA
ILEX CASSINE L.
UWAL0038013 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8054
UWAL
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001386 Mobile 01 Feb 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8256
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
AMAL00022696 Baldwin 07 Nov 2014 T. Wayne Barger
SP#1601
AMAL
Ilex cassine L.
UNA00020534 Mobile 30 Apr 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D902
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001385 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8058
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
TROY000001121 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16578
TROY
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001395 Mobile 31 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12214
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
AUA_ACC065905 Baldwin 26 JUN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16578
AUA
ILEX CASSINE L.
UWAL0038491 Baldwin 08 Jul 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
4128
UWAL
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00020533 Pike 6 May 1949 A. M. Harvill, Jr.
4084
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001392 Mobile 08 May 1973 Michel G. Lelong
70022.3
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00020532 Mobile 1 May 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D441
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001394 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8054
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00026146 Baldwin 21 Oct 1995 Michelle Birk
536
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001382 Mobile 31 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12214
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
AUA_ACC065609 Baldwin 26 DEC 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16104
AUA
ILEX CASSINE L.
AUA_ACC037039 Monroe 8 APR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
064
AUA
ILEX CASSINE L.
USAM000001389 Baldwin 13 Dec 1978 Michel G. Lelong
10712
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
AMAL00014639 Henry 19 Apr 2005 R. Kral
96121
AMAL
Ilex cassine L.
JSU118990 Baldwin 27 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15259
JSU
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001391 Baldwin 30 Apr 1977 Michel G. Lelong
9677
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001396 Baldwin 15 May 1970 Michel G. Lelong
5382
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UWAL0037782 Baldwin 12 Aug 1997 Sorrie, B.A.
9390
UWAL
Ilex cassine L.
UNA00020536 Mobile _-_-1861 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
TROY000001122 Baldwin 12 May 2000 Robert Kral
89743
TROY
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UWAL0009660 Houston 11 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21770
UWAL
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001399 Baldwin 30 Jul 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6672
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UWAL0038292 Mobile 01 Feb 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8256
UWAL
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00020535 Pike 6 May 1949 A. M. Harvill, Jr.
4048
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
UWAL0043212 Baldwin 23 Jun 2000 Larsen, H.S.
389
UWAL
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001401 Baldwin 19 Nov 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3965
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
JSU118989 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4260
JSU
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001378 Mobile 31 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12214
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UWAL0038488 Baldwin 08 Jul 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
4108.3
UWAL
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00020537 Pike 6 May 1949 A. M. Harvill, Jr.
4048
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001384 Baldwin 06 Aug 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9341
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
USAM000001388 Baldwin 19 Sep 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9491
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00020530 Baldwin 13 Mar 1979 John H. Wiersema
509
UNA
Ilex cassine L.
USAM000001381 Mobile 31 Jul 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12214
USAM
Ilex cassine Linnaeus
UNA00059644 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8034
UNA
Ilex cassine L. var. cassine
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