Cyperus hortensis

Family:CYPERACEAE
Species:Cyperus hortensis (Salzm. ex Steud.)Dorr
Common Name:Low Spikesedge; Slender Leaf Spikesedge; Annual Greenhead Sedge
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:Dorr, L.J. 2014. Flora of Guaramacal (Venezuela): Monocotyledons. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 100:1-289. Carter, R., R.L. Mears, R.H. Goddard, & C.T. Bryson. 2016. Cyperus richardii (Cyperaceae) new to Florida, U.S.A. and the Western Hemisphere. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 10:191-200. Delahoussaye, A.J. & J.W. Thieret. 1967. Cyperus subgenus Kyllinga (Cyperaceae) in the continental United States. Sida 3:128-136.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCYPERACEAE - Sedge family
Genus Cyperus
Species Cyperus hortensis (Salzm. ex Steud.)Dorr - Low Spikesedge; Slender Leaf Spikesedge; Annual Greenhead Sedge

Citation

Citation Cyperus hortensis (Salzm.) Dorr, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 100: 62. 2014.
Basionym: **
Type: ILLINOIS: Without locality, Aug 1795, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Kyllinga brevifolia var. robusta Kyllinga brevifolia Rottbøll, var. robusta (Boeckeler) H. Pfeiffer, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 96. 1929, nom. illegit..Kyllinga robusta Boeckeler 1868; Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck 1842.. 
Cyperus densicaespitosus Cyperus densicaespitosus Mattfeld & Kükenthal, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 101): 597. 1936.Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 
Cyperus densicaespitosus var. major Cyperus densicaespitosus Mattfeld & Kükenthal, var. major (Nees von Esenbeck) Kükenthal, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 101): 599. 1936.Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck 1842. 
Cyperus densicaespitosus var. rigidulus Cyperus densicaespitosus Mattfeld & Kükenthal, var. rigidulus (Steudel) Kükenthal, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 101): 599. 1936.Kyllinga rigidula Steudel 1854. 
Cyperus tenuifolius    
Hedychloe fragrans Hedychloe fragrans Rafinesque, Ann. Nat. 16. 1820, nom. illegit.Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 
Kyllinga caespitosa Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 12. 1842. BRAZIL
Kyllinga caespitosa var. major Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 12. 1842. BRAZIL
Kyllinga flexuosa Kyllinga flexuosa Boeckeler, Beitr. Cyper. 2: 1. 1890. JAMAICA: Bellevue, 27 Jan 1888, Eggers 3753 (holotype: B).
Kyllinga laxa Kyllinga laxa Schrader ex Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 14. 1842. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Sebastianopolis, s.d., Martius s.n. (holotype: M).
Kyllinga naumanniana Kyllinga naumanniana Boeckeler, Flora 62: 516. 1879.  
Kyllinga naumanniana var. tenuis Kyllinga naumanniana Boeckeler, var. tenuis Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 89. 1884.  
Kyllinga pumila var. elatior Kyllinga pumila Michaux, var. elatior Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 132. 1837. TRINIDAD: Without data, Sieber 2 (holotype: B).
Kyllinga pumila var. humilis Kyllinga pumila Michaux, var. humilis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 132. 1837, nom. inadmiss.Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 
Kyllinga rigidula Kyllinga rigidula Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 71. 1854.  
Kyllinga robusta Kyllinga robusta Boeckeler, Linnaea 35: 409. 1868.Kyllinga caespitosa Nees von Esenbeck, var. major Nees von Esenbeck 1842. 
Kyllinga pumila Kyllinga pumila Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 28. 1803. ILLINOIS: Without locality, Aug 1795, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: P).
Thryocephalum pumilum Thryocephalum pumilum (Michaux) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 94. 1915.Kyllinga pumila Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU112786 Etowah 27 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3257
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112798 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10220
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UNA00002697 Shelby 24 Sep 1978 L. J. Davenport
910
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
TROY000044499 Conecuh 27 Oct 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13081
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UWAL0003340 Butler 04 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19886
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
JSU112794 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6985
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112799 Talladega 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5246
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
TROY000029651 Houston 22 Oct 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21090
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
USAM000004668 Mobile 15 Sep 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9482
USAM
Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy
JSU112782 Calhoun 17 Aug 1986 C. L. Lawler
979
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UNA00002692 Chilton 15 Sep 1979 John H. Wiersema
1296
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
UWAL0044258 Baldwin 30 Jun 2007 Larsen, H.S.
1618
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzm. ex Steud.) Dorr
TROY000010493 Geneva 08 Nov 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18620
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
TROY000036106 Hale 26 Sep 2010 Brian R. Keener
6175
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112791 Jackson 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6946
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
TROY000010495 Pike 17 Nov 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14272
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112787 Etowah 28 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3284
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112796 Marshall 2 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2529
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UNA00066287 Butler 27 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16761
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
TROY000010494 Geneva 27 Oct 1999 John R. MacDonald
13709
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UWAL0003342 Shelby 18 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12764
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
UWAL0019316 Pickens 09 Aug 1989 Kral, R.
76929
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
AUA000022011 Barbour 16 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15965
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
JSU112785 Clay 18 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3229
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
TROY000029318 Crenshaw 25 Aug 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20907
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
USAM000004667 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11875
USAM
Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy
UWAL0042472 Bullock 27 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4157
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
UNA00002686 Talladega s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
TROY000033543 Barbour 01 Oct 2011 Bailee Dykes
173
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UNA00002682 DeKalb 16 Oct 1954 Roland M. Harper
4315
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
AUA000022015 Lee 29 JUN 1966 BOZARTH, GENE A.
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
JSU112792 Jefferson 2 Nov 1984 J. P. Barber
1253
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112783 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18885
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
TROY000029458 Shelby 18 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12764
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UWAL0036076 Blount 28 Aug 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0665
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salz. ex Steud) Dorr
USAM000004666 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11875
USAM
Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy
UWAL0042478 Bullock 26 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4139
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
UNA00002691 Mobile 1 Sep 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
USAM000004670 Baldwin 23 Aug 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11348
USAM
Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy
UNA00002667 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6970
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
AUA000022016 Lee 2 OCT 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
313B
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
AUA000022019 Shelby 25 SEP 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1887
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
JSU112784 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18873
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
AUA000022017 Pike 21 OCT 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9439
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
TROY000010492 Butler 27 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16761
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UWAL0009257 Hale 26 Sep 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6175
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
TROY000025342 Conecuh 30 Oct 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20381
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UWAL0033991 Clay 10 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9866
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
UNA00057156 Randolph 16 Sep 1986 C. F. Nixon
2923
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
JSU142304 Baldwin 05 Nov 2009 T. Wayne Barger
Perd-654
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UWAL0002327 Conecuh 27 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13081
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
AUA000022014 Lee 13 AUG 1950 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
JSU112797 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18568
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
AUA000022018 Pike 17 NOV 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14272
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
JSU112789 Jackson 30 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7420
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UWAL0003341 Crenshaw 25 Aug 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20907
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
USAM000004671 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11875
USAM
Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy
UNA00002681 Lee 10 Oct 1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
UWAL0033099 Houston 03 Dec 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27098
UWAL
Cyperus hortensis (Salzmann ex Steudel) Dorr
TROY000010491 Butler 02 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16853
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112788 Houston 9 Oct 1994 John R. MacDonald
7900
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112790 Jackson 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6946
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
AUA000022013 Elmore 7 SEP 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
25979
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
TROY000010489 Barbour 16 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15965
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
AUA_ACC056454 Crenshaw 3 SEP 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9899
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
JSU112781 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
891
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
UNA00002687 Tuscaloosa 27 Jul 1957 Kenneth F. Hancock
s.n.
UNA
Kyllinga pumila Michx.
AUA000029393 Covington 22 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4530
AUA
KYLLINGA PUMILA MICHAUX
TROY000010490 Butler 08 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18494
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
USAM000004669 Mobile 01 Oct 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9552
USAM
Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy
JSU112793 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6985
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
JSU112795 Marshall 30 Sep 1995 D. D. Spaulding
7377
JSU
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
TROY000043879 Houston 03 Dec 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27098
TROY
Kyllinga pumila Michaux
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