Fimbristylis dichotoma

Family:CYPERACEAE
Species:Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
Common Name:Forked Fimbry; Tall Fimbry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCYPERACEAE - Sedge family
Genus Fimbristylis
Species Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl - Forked Fimbry; Tall Fimbry

Citation

Citation FIMBRISTYLIS DICHOTOMA (Linnaeus) Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 287. 1805.
Basionym: Scirpus dichotomus Linnaeus 1753.
Type: SRI LANKA: Without data, Herb. Hermann 2: 63 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by T. Koyama, in A. C. Smith, Fl. Vit. Nova 1: 244. 1979.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Fimbristylis affinis Fimbristylis affinis J. Presl & C. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 191. 1828.  
Fimbristylis ambigua Fimbristylis ambigua Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 117. 1855. INDONESIA: Java:
Fimbristylis annua Fimbristylis annua (Allioni) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 95. 1817.Scirpus annuus Allioni 1785. 
Fimbristylis annua var. brizoides Fimbristylis annua (Allioni) Roemer & Schultes, var. brizoides (Kükenthal) Gross & Brade, in Sampaio, Arq. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 34: 48. 1932.Fimbristylis annua (Allioni) Roemer & Schultes, forma brizoides Kükenthal 1826; Fimbristylis brizoides Nees von Esenbeck & Meyen ex Nees von Esenbeck 1842, nom. illegit.; Fimbristylis hirtella Vahl 1805. 
Fimbristylis annua var. diphylla Fimbristylis annua (Allioni) Roemer & Schultes, var. diphylla (Retzius) Kükenthal, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 196. 1926.Scirpus diphyllus Retzius 1789. 
Fimbristylis arenicola Fimbristylis arenicola Wiggins, Contr. Dudley Herb. 4: 15. 1950.  
Fimbristylis brizoides Fimbristylis brizoides Nees von Esenbeck & Meyen ex Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 74. 1842, nom. illegit.Fimbristylis hirtella Vahl 1805. 
Fimbristylis brizoides var. humboldtiana Fimbristylis brizoides Nees von Esenbeck & Meyen ex Nees von Esenbeck, var. humboldtiana Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 74. 1842.Fimbristylis humboldtii J. Presl & C. Presl 1828. 
Fimbristylis brizoides var. pumila Fimbristylis brizoides Nees von Esenbeck & Meyen ex Nees von Esenbeck, var. pumila Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 75, 76. 1842, nom. inadmiss.Fimbristylis brizoides Nees von Esenbeck & Meyen ex Nees von Esenbeck 1842, nom. illegit.; Fimbristylis hirtella Vahl 1805. 
Fimbristylis calocarpa Fimbristylis calocarpa Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 117. 1855. INDONESIA: Timor:
Fimbristylis cincta Fimbristylis cincta Nees von Esenbeck, in Wight, Contr. Bot. Ind. 98. 1834.  
Fimbristylis circinnata Fimbristylis circinnata Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 116. 1855. INDONESIA: Java:
Fimbristylis diphylla subsp. diffusa Fimbristylis diphylla (Retzius) Vahl, subsp. diffusa D. B. Ward, Castanea 33: 127. 1968. FLORIDA: Alachua Co.: Near NW corner of Payne's Prairie, 13 Aug 1966, Ward 5867 (holotype: FLAS; isotypes: DUKE, FSU, GA, GH, NCU, NY, US, USF, VDB).
Fimbristylis diphylla var. annua Fimbristylis diphylla (Retzius) Vahl, var. annua (Allioni) C. B. Clarke, in Hooker f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 637. 1893, nom. illegit.Fimbristylis polymorpha Boeckeler, var. minor Boeckeler 1871;Scirpus annuus Allioni 1785. 
Fimbristylis diphylla var. major Fimbristylis diphylla (Retzius) Vahl, var. major Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 433. 1864. CEYLON
Fimbristylis diphylla var. ovalis Fimbristylis diphylla (Retzius) Vahl, var. ovalis (Nees von Esenbeck) Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 5: 54. 1900.Fimbristylis ovalis Nees von Esenbeck 1834. 
Fimbristylis diphylla var. tomentosa Fimbristylis diphylla (Retzius) Vahl, var. tomentosa (Vahl) Barros, Anales Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat. "Bernardino Rivadavia" 41: 328. 1945.Fimbristylis tomentosa Vahl 1805. 
Fimbristylis germainii Fimbristylis germainii E. G. Camus, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 246. 1910.  
Fimbristylis glauca Fimbristylis glauca Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 288. 1805. INDIA
Fimbristylis hirtella Fimbristylis hirtella Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 286. 1805.  
Fimbristylis laxa Fimbristylis laxa Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 292. 1805.  
Fimbristylis novae-brittaniae Fimbristylis novae-brittaniae Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 93. 1884.  
Fimbristylis ophiticola Fimbristylis ophiticola Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 16: 60. 1920. CUBA: Camaguey to Santayana, 4 Apr 1909, Britton 2429 (holotype: NY).
Fimbristylis ovalis Fimbristylis ovalis Nees von Esenbeck, in Wight, Contr. Bot. Ind. 98. 1834. INDIA
Fimbristylis philippica Fimbristylis philippica Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 116. 1855. PHILIPPINES: Luzon:
Fimbristylis ramosii Fimbristylis ramosii Kükenthal, Mitth. Thuering. Bot. Vereins, ser. 2. 50: 10. 1943. PHILIPPINE ISLANDS:
Fimbristylis serrulata Fimbristylis serrulata Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 285. 1805.  
Fimbristylis villosa Fimbristylis villosa (Poiret) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 98. 1817.Scirpus villosus Poiret 1804. 
Fimbristylis alamosana Fimbristylis alamosana Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 36: 491. 1901. MEXICO: Sonora: Alamos, 16-30 Sep 1890, Palmer 699 (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).
Fimbristylis baldwiniana Fimbristylis baldwiniana (Schultes) Torrey, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 344. 1836.Scirpus baldwinianus Schultes 1824; Scirpus sulcatus Elliott 1816, non Du Petit-Thouars 1811. 
Fimbristylis brizoides var. angustifolia Fimbristylis brizoides Nees von Esenbeck & Meyen ex Nees von Esenbeck, var. angustifolia Nees von Esenbeck, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(1): 74. 1842.Fimbristylis laxa Vahl 1805. 
Fimbristylis communis Fimbristylis communis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 234. 1837, nom. illegit.Scirpus diphyllus Retzius 1788. 
Fimbristylis communis var. gracillima Fimbristylis communis Kunth, var. gracillima Ridley, in H. Forbes, Nat. Wand. E. Archip. 521. 1885.  
Fimbristylis darlingtoniana Fimbristylis darlingtoniana Pennell, Bartonia 15: 30. 1933. PENNSYLVANIA: Chester Co.: West Chester,
Fimbristylis decipiens Fimbristylis decipiens Kral, Sida 4: 119. 1971. MISSISSIPPI: Forrest Co.: I-56 crossing of Leaf River, N of Hattiesburg, s.d., Kral 27858 (holotype: US).
Fimbristylis holwayana Fimbristylis holwayana Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 36: 492. 1901. MEXICO: Jalisco: Chapala, 18 Sep 1899, Holway 3443 (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).
Fimbristylis humboldtii Fimbristylis humboldtii J. Presl & C. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 190. 1828.  
Fimbristylis polymorpha Fimbristylis polymorpha Boeckeler, Linnaea 37: 14. 1871, nom. illegit.Scirpus diphyllus Retzius 1788. 
Fimbristylis sublateralis Fimbristylis sublateralis Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 114. 1855. GUATEMALA
Fimbristylis subtristachya Fimbristylis subtristachya Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 109. 1855, nom. illegit.Fimbristylis cincta Nees von Esenbeck 1834. 
Fimbristylis tikushiensis Fimbristylis tikushiensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 6: 113. 1916. TAIWAN
Fimbristylis tomentosa Fimbristylis tomentosa Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 290. 1805. INDIA
Fimbristylis verrucosa Fimbristylis verrucosa J. Presl & C. Presl, in C. Prel, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 190. 1828.  
Fimbristylis verrucosa var. glabrescens Fimbristylis verrucosa J. Presl & C. Presl, var. glabrescens J. Presl & C. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 190. 1828.  
Fimbristylis verrucosa var. hirsuta Fimbristylis verrucosa J. Presl & C. Presl, var. hirsuta J. Presl & C. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 190. 1828, nom. inadmiss.Fimbristylis verrucosa J. Presl & C. Presl 1828. 
Iria polymorpha Iria polymorpha Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 752. 1891, nom. illegit.Fimbristylis polymorpha Boeckeler 1871, nom. illegit.; Scirpus diphyllus Retzius 1788. 
Iria polymorpha var. normalis Iria polymorpha Kuntze, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 752. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Iria polymorpha Kuntze 1891, nom. illegit.; Fimbristylis polymorpha Boeckeler 1871, nom. illegit. ; Scirpus diphyllus Retzius 1788. 
Scirpus annuus Scirpus annuus Allioni, Fl. Pedem. 2: 277. 1785. ITALY
Scirpus brevifolius Scirpus brevifolius Rottler, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 190. 1803. INDIA
Scirpus dichotomus Scirpus dichotomus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 50. 1753. SRI LANKA: Without data, Herb. Hermann 2: 63 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by T. Koyama, in A. C. Smith, Fl. Vit. Nova 1: 244. 1979.
Scirpus diphyllus Scirpus diphyllus Retzius, Observ. Bot. 5: 15. 1788 ("1789"). INDIA: Without data, Retzius 468 (lectotype: LD). Lectotypified by D. B. Ward, Castanea 33: 129. 1968.
Scirpus elliottii Scirpus elliottii Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 4(2): 20. 1827, nom. illegit.Scirpus baldwinianus Schultes 1824; Scirpus sulcatus Elliott 1816, non Du Petit-Thouars 1811. 
Scirpus fuscescens Scirpus fuscescens Link, Jahrb. Gewaechsk. 1(3): 81. 1820. VENEZUELA
Scirpus hirtellus Scirpus hirtellus (Vahl) Vahl, Eclog. Amer. 3: 1. 1807.Fimbristylis hirtella Vahl 1805. 
Scirpus nitidulus Scirpus nitidulus Link, Jahrb. Gewaechsk. 1(3): 81. 1820.  
Scirpus sulcatus Scirpus sulcatus Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 86. 1816, non Du Petit-Thouars 1811. GEORGIA: Chatham Co.: Savannah, s.d., Baldwin s.n. (holotype: CHARL?).
Scirpus villosus Scirpus villosus Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 781. 1804. PUERTO RICO: Without data, Ledru s.n. (holotype: P?).
Scirpus baldwinianus Scirpus baldwinianus Schultes, Mant. 2: 85. 1824.Scirpus sulcatus Elliott 1816, non Du Petit-Thouars 1811. 
Fimbristylis diphylla Fimbristylis diphylla (Retzius) Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 289. 1805.Scirpus diphyllus Retzius 1789. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Coffee, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000004956 Mobile 06 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11614
USAM
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
USAM000004953 Mobile 27 Sep 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4767
USAM
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
TROY000010443 Dale 14 Sep 2000 Tiffany Pennington
968
TROY
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
TROY000032924 Pike 19 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22561
TROY
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
USAM000004955 Mobile 10 Sep 1973 Michel G. Lelong
7294
USAM
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
JSU112579 Baldwin 21 Oct 1969 R. Kral
39166
JSU
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UWAL0003317 Monroe 01 Aug 2003 Kral, R.
94316
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
AUA000021668 Mobile 25 DEC 2002 ZEBRYK, TAD M.
8194
AUA
FIMBRISTYLIS DICHOTOMA (L.) VAHL
TROY000036507 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1252
TROY
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UWAL0036336 Mobile 12 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4090
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
TROY000029650 Houston 22 Oct 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21089
TROY
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
AUA000021666 Coffee 17 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5519
AUA
FIMBRISTYLIS DICHOTOMA (L.) VAHL
UWAL0043116 Baldwin 30 Jun 2005 Larsen, H.S.
1427
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
UWAL0013934 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1252
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UNA00060779 Baldwin 15 Oct 2001 R. Kral
92033
UNA
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
USAM000004951 Mobile 06 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11614
USAM
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UWAL0037699 Mobile 21 Aug 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3624
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Wahl.
AUA000021667 Escambia 7 OCT 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
33819
AUA
FIMBRISTYLIS DICHOTOMA (L.) VAHL
UWAL0008067 Pike 19 Sep 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22561
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UNA00002707 Baldwin 22 Sep 1969 R. Kral
37466
UNA
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
UWAL0044005 Baldwin 29 Sep 2001 Larsen, H.S.
1777
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
USAM000004954 Mobile 17 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11675
USAM
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
TROY000010442 Coffee 17 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
904
TROY
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UNA00065968 Monroe 1 Aug 2003 R. Kral
94316
UNA
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
UWAL0043118 Baldwin 26 Sep 2008 Larsen, H.S.
1638
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
UWAL0035736 Mobile 30 Aug 2015 Horne, Howard E.
3011
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
TROY000010444 Dale 18 Jul 2000 Michael Woods
8184
TROY
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UNA00056085 Geneva 16 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11765
UNA
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
UWAL0043117 Baldwin 29 Aug 2001 Larsen, H.S.
816
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
USAM000004952 Mobile 17 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11675
USAM
Fimbristylis dichotoma (Linnaeus) Vahl
UNA00056897 Geneva 31 Dec 1998 John R. MacDonald
12504
UNA
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
UWAL0030781 Washington 18 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74413
UWAL
Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl
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