Tradescantia virginiana

Family:COMMELINACEAE
Species:Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
Common Name:Virginia Spiderwort
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Virginia Spiderwort is a native perennial in the Spiderwort family (Commelinaceae). It is found throughout Alabama, but is most common in the northern half of the state. Virginia Spiderwort is found in mesic hardwood forests, in alluvial woods and along streams, in fields, and on roadsides. It is a perennial with a fibrous root system. The roots are thick and fleshy. Stems are erect and from 1-2 feet in height. The stems are succulent, unbranched, glabrous, and green in color. When broken, the stems emit a clear mucilaginous sap. The leaves are sessile and spirally arranged. The leaf sheath when opened and flattened is equal to or wider than the leaf blade. Leaf sheaths are glabrous except for long hairs along their margins. The leaves are linear lanceolate in outline, glabrous or puberulent, with long cilia on the margins near the base. Flowers are produced in terminal umbels of long pedicillate flowers that are subtended by two leaf-like bracts. The pedicels are pilose or puberulent. Each flower has 3 green sepals and 3 blue petals. The sepals are long pilose on their outer surface. The 6 stamens have bearded filaments. The flowers last for one day or less on hot sunny days. The fruit is a capsule. Virginia Spiderwort is available from nurseries. It can also be grown from cuttings or large clumps can be separated. Virginia Spiderwort prefers a moist, organic soil with partial sun to full shade. Plants can become weedy in the garden.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCOMMELINACEAE - Spiderwort family
Genus Tradescantia
Species Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus - Virginia Spiderwort

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Tradescantia brevicaulis    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000024784 Chilton 10 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15108
TROY
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108218 Clay 10 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1639
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108093 Jackson 1 May 1975 S. D. Durham
325
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108217 Clay 11 Apr 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9801
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000043703 Montgomery 10 Apr 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27308
TROY
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
SAMF0001250 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 Green, LeAnne
40
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108096 Jefferson 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8029
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108220 Cleburne 8 Apr 1970 Janet D. Sims
s.n.
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
41131 Cherokee 1 APR 1972 HALE, A. R.
008
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0002735 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1393
UWAL
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
SAMF0001245 Blount 22 Apr 1956 Avery, J. C.
s.n.
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
13270 Cleburne 16 APR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
64731 Mobile 25 MAR 1973 TAYLOR, JOHN
12721
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
USAM000004045 Mobile 23 Mar 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7456
USAM
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
63600 Lee 1 APR 2004 BALLARD, D. M.
417
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
JSU108099 Shelby 4 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16317
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0032985 Montgomery 10 Apr 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27308
UWAL
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00036731 DeKalb 24 Apr 1987 Frank D. Bowers
13237
UNA
Tradescantia virginiana L.
JSU108215 Calhoun 6 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
264
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108097 Marshall 13 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1336
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
58720 Clay 12 APR 1981 CAUSEY, ANN S.
2116
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
JSU108098 Shelby 16 Apr 1973 R. Kral
49674
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
70891 Marengo 10 OCT 2008 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
1393
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
USAM000004044 Mobile s.d. Bob Lott
s.n.
USAM
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108214 Calhoun 6 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
264
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108095 Jefferson 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8027
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108088 DeKalb 15 Apr 1956 Jane Ramsey
s.n.
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
38937 Lowndes 7 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
359
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
SAMF0001246 Cherokee 19 Apr 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4256
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
USAM000004046 Mobile 12 May 1973 Michel G. Lelong
7034
USAM
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000042314 Marengo 26 Mar 2009 J. Kevin England
1716
TROY
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
AMAL00019503 Dallas 15 Mar 2010 T. Wayne Barger
108
AMAL
Tradescantia virginiana L.
30450 Lowndes 4 APR 1971 TATUM, E. M.
020
AUA
TRADESCANTIA VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00054165 Blount 28 Mar 1998 Brian R. Keener
531
UNA
Tradescantia virginiana L.
SAMF0001249 Tuscaloosa 12 Apr 1966 Owings, Tom
41
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108092 Franklin 3 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8142
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0001622 Marengo 26 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1716
UWAL
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
SAMF0001247 Shelby 13 Apr 2002 Bowles, Mollie E.
11
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108216 Calhoun 15 Mar 1956 Bill Hampton
s.n.
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
SAMF0002952 Monroe 13 May 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5744
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108100 Talladega 3 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1350
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108219 Cleburne 1 Apr 1979 Susan Hogue
23
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
SAMF0006428 Jefferson 23 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6097
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108090 Etowah 7 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1082
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000033939 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1393
TROY
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
SAMF0001248 Jefferson 26 Apr 2001 Haveman, Jason
10
SAMF
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00036744 DeKalb 28 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
596
UNA
Tradescantia virginiana L.
JSU108094 Jefferson 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8027
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108087 Talladega 21 Mar 1967 J. Reynolds
s.n.
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
JSU108089 Etowah 18 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
912
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00036721 Tuscaloosa 24 Apr 1963 Wm. Mike Howell
s.n.
UNA
Tradescantia virginiana L.
JSU108091 Etowah 13 Mar 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Tradescantia virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0037130 Jefferson 23 Apr 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14559
UWAL
Tradescantia virginiana L.
UNA00036738 DeKalb 21 Apr 1943 Roland M. Harper
3920
UNA
Tradescantia virginiana L.
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