Murdannia nudiflora

Family:COMMELINACEAE
Species:Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
Common Name:Naked Stem Dewflower; Dove Weed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MUNU
Plant Notes:Naked Stem Dewflower is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Spiderwort family (Commelinaceae). It is native to Asia. In Alabama, it can be found in the southern half of the state. Naked Stem Dewflower occurs as a greenhouse weed, a lawn weed, on roadsides, and along rivers and creeks. It prefers moist sites. The first collection of this species in Alabama occurred in 1956 in a lawn in Mobile County. It is a low growing, often mat forming species with branched or unbranched stems up to 10 inches in length. The stems often root at the nodes. The thick leaves are spirally arranged on the green succulent stems, but appear to be alternately arranged. The leaves are sessile, glabrous or sparsley pubescent, linear to lanceolate in outline, with entire margins. Flowers are produced in terminal or axillary cymes consisting of 1-5 flowers. Flowers are long pedunculate and consist of 3 greenish sepals and 3 purple or lavender petals. The fruit is a capsule with 6 deeply pitted or wrinkled seed. Naked Stem Dewflower is an aggressive weed in greenhouses and in turfgrass. It is classified as one of the world's worst weeds, and is a serious weed in rice plantings from India to Japan. It has spread to tropical and subtropical areas around the world. As bits of stem will root easily, it is often spread by mowers or weedeaters.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCOMMELINACEAE - Spiderwort family
Genus Murdannia
Species Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan - Naked Stem Dewflower; Dove Weed

Citation

Citation MURDANNIA NUDIFLORA (Linnaeus) Brenan, Kew Bull. 1952: 189. 1952.
Basionym: Commelina nudiflora Linnaeus 1753.
Type: CHINA or JAVA: Without data, Osbeck s.n. (lectotype: LINN 65.12). Lectotypified by Merrill & Dandy, in Merrill, J. Arnold Arbor. 18: 64. 1937.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aneilema malabaricum Aneilema malabaricum (Linnaeus) Merrill, Philipp. J. Sci. 7: 232. 1912.Tradescantia malabarica Linnaeus 1762. 
Aneilema nudicaule Aneilema nudicaule (Burman f.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 67. 1843.Commelina nudicaulis Burman f. 1768. 
Commelina nudicaulis Commelina nudicaulis Burman f., Fl. Indica 17, t. 8(1). 1768. INDONESIA: Java:
Commelina trichocolea Commelina trichocolea Schauer, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 448. 1843.  
Tradescantia malabarica Tradescantia malabarica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 412. 1762. INDIA: Kerala: Without data (lectotype: Rheede, Hort. Malab. 9: t. 63. 1689). Lectotypified by Faden, in Dassanayake & Clayton, Revised Handb. Fl. Ceylon 14: 145. 2000.
Aneilema nudiflorum Aneilema nudiflorum (Linnaeus) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 66. 1843.Commelina nudiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Commelina nudiflora Commelina nudiflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 41. 1753. CHINA or JAVA: Without data, Osbeck s.n. (lectotype: LINN 65.12). Lectotypified by Merrill & Dandy, in Merrill, J. Arnold Arbor. 18: 64. 1937.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Conecuh, Houston, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, TROY, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000043456 Conecuh 12 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26812
TROY
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
TROY000010030 Baldwin 01 Oct 1987 John D. Freeman
s.n.
TROY
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
TROY000043267 Montgomery 25 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26995
TROY
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
57269 Baldwin 1 OCT 1987 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
AUA
MURDANNIA NUDIFLORA (L.) BRENAN
UWAL0033236 Houston 22 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26970
UWAL
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
AMAL00002001 Baldwin 30 Oct 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13118
AMAL
Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan
UWAL0016919 Baldwin 14 Oct 2012 England, J. Kevin
3997
UWAL
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
UWAL0031155 Conecuh 12 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26812
UWAL
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
UWAL0012459 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23360
UWAL
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
TROY000038971 Pike 10 Oct 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24613
TROY
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
UWAL0033147 Montgomery 25 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26995
UWAL
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
AMAL00009435 Mobile 02 Oct 2013 T. Wayne Barger
SP#1221
AMAL
Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan
UWAL0002182 Baldwin 30 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13118
UWAL
Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan
USAM000004007 Mobile 11 Oct 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4839
USAM
Aneilema nudiflorum (Linnaeus) Kunth
TROY000035949 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23360
TROY
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
AMAL00020593 Mobile 02 Nov 2013 Howard E. Horne
2455
AMAL
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
UWAL0016238 Pike 10 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24613
UWAL
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
TROY000044505 Baldwin 30 Oct 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13118
TROY
Murdannia nudiflora (Linnaeus) Brenan
1734 Mobile 1 OCT 1956 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
MURDANNIA NUDIFLORA (L.) BRENAN
AMAL00000099 Houston 23 Oct 1999 John R. MacDonald
13645
AMAL
Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan
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