Commelina erecta

Family:COMMELINACEAE
Species:Commelina erecta Linnaeus
Common Name:Slender Dayflower; White Mouth Dayflower; Erect Dayflower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Slender Dayflower is a native herbaceous perennial in the Spiderwort family (Commelinaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Slender Dayflower occurs in sandhills, on dunes, in dry or rocky forests, in pine woods, and on roadsides. It is a perennial from thick, fleshy roots. Stems are 1-several from a rootstock, erect or ascending, somewhat succulent, and not rooting at the nodes. Stems are green or tan in color. The stems are often branched. Leaves are alternate, sessile with the pubescent leaf sheath enclosing the stem, and linear to lanceolate in outline. The upper margin of the leaf sheath has a fringe of long hairs. Flowers are produced in a 2-3 flowered cyme enclosed by a spathe. The margins of the spathe are fused basally for about 1/3 -1/2 the length of the spathe. Each flower has 1 minute white petal and 2 large blue petals. Each flower has 3 staminodes (rudimentary, sterile or abortive stamens which do not produce pollen) and 3 stamens. The flowers open in before sunrise and usually wither before mid-day, especially when it is hot. The fruit is a capsule with 3 seed. The seeds of Slender Dayflower are eaten by the Bobwhite Quail and Mourning Doves, and the foliage is browsed by White-Tailed Deer, rabbits, and Gopher Tortoises.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCOMMELINACEAE - Spiderwort family
Genus Commelina
Species Commelina erecta Linnaeus - Slender Dayflower; White Mouth Dayflower; Erect Dayflower

Citation

Citation COMMELINA ERECTA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 41. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 77(88). 1732). Lectotypified by C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 181. 1881.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Commelina angustifolia Commelina angustifolia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 24. 1803.  
Commelina crispa Commelina crispa Wooton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 451. 1898. NEW MEXICO: Dona Ana Co.: Organ Mts., 1 Sep 1897, Wooton s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: NY).
Commelina elegans Commelina elegans Kunth, in Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 259. 1816. COLOMBIA
Commelina erecta var. crispa Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. crispa (Wooton) E. J. Palmer & Steyermark, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 497. 1935.Commelina crispa Wooton 1898. 
Commelina erecta var. deamiana Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. deamiana Fernald, Rhodora 42: 440, t. 631. 1940. INDIANA: Newton Co.: 4.5 mi. N and 1.5 mi. W of Morocco, 13 Jul 1920, Deam 31662 (holotype: GH).
Commelina erecta var. greenei Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. greenei Fassett, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 398. 1943. WISCONSIN: Sauk Co.: Cactus Bluff, 5 mi. SW of Sauk City, 27 Aug 1840, Curtis & Greene s.n. (holotype: WIS).
Commelina erecta var. hamipila Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. hamipila (C. Wright) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 440. 1940.Commelina hamipila C. Wright 1871. 
Commelina erecta var. typica Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. typica Fernald, Rhodora 42: 438. 1940, nom. inadmiss.Commelina erecta Linnaeus 1753. 
Commelina hamipila Commelina hamipila C. Wright, in Sauvalle, Anales Acad. Ci. Med. Habana 7: 608. 1871. CUBA: Without data, Wright 3732 (holotype: ?; isotype: NY).
Commelina nashii Commelina nashii Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 242, 1328. 1903. FLORIDA: Hillsborough Co.: Tampa, 24 Aug 1895, Nash 2465 (holotype: NY).
Commelina swingleana Commelina swingleana Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 160. 1895. FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Vicinity of Eustis, 1-15 Aug 1894, Nash 1525 (holotype: NY).
Commelina villosa Commelina villosa (C. B. Clarke) C. B. Clarke, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 1: 438. 1901.Commelina virginica Linnaeus, var villosa C.B.Clarke 1881.  
Commelina virginica var. angustifolia Commelina virginica Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Michaux) C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 183. 1881.Commelina angustifolia Michaux 1803. 
Commelina virginica var. villosa Commelina virginica Linnaeus, var. villosa C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 183. 1881.  
Commelina erecta var. angustaifolia Commelina erecta Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Michaux) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 439. 1940.Commelina angustifolia Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Chambers, Chilton, Clarke, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Hale, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
37219 Sumter 2 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
115
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
TROY000046636 Marengo 08 Jul 2013 J. Kevin England
4366
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000010002 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16690A
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000024754 Bibb 29 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11944
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
17644 Tallapoosa 9 AUG 1969 WEAVER, JIMMY
206
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
USAM000004021 Mobile 04 Sep 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8171
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036117 Lee _ Sep 1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
UNA00036163 Mobile 1 May 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D412
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
55185 Crenshaw 2 AUG 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9784
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UWAL0011444 Blount 17 Jul 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5253
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000010000 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16588
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0019666 Crenshaw 20 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87682
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000024756 Morgan 06 Jul 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11978
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0019504 Lauderdale 09 Jul 2015 England, J. Kevin
5525
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. erecta
38945 Lowndes 16 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
788
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
SAMF0003152 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5918
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
11455 Randolph 4 JUL 1967 EICHLIN, THOMAS D.
2
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
AMAL00007190 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 A. R. Diamond
16690
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
33288 Dallas 31 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
443
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
SAMF0001649 Tuscaloosa 25 Oct 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4949
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00000089 Blount 07 Aug 1998 Brian R. Keener
1422
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
13838 Montgomery 15 JUL 1967 ATKINS, W. B.
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
TROY000034104 Sumter 12 Jun 2009 Brian R. Keener
5491
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
25489 Coosa 23 JUN 1973 REDMOND, BILL
0080
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
AMAL00008593 Morgan 06 Jul 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11978
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00036183 Mobile 15 Jul 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D600
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
UNA00036143 Mobile 25 Jul 1897 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
UNA00065641 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16690A
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000024755 Chilton 27 Jul 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15592
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0017954 Clarke 10 Jun 1995 Kral, R.
86058
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
63659 Lee 24 JUN 2004 DUTE, ROLAND
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UWAL0004776 Sumter 12 Jun 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5491
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
34358 Bibb 29 JUN 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1669
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
TROY000041609 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25476
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0004885 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2978
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036192 Lee 10 Aug 1972 J. J. Street
190
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010006 Dale 06 Jun 1997 Hannelore Rundell
231
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0012491 Baldwin 08 Jul 2012 Spaulding, Dan
1355
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. angustifolia (Michaux) Fernald
46184 Pike 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3379
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UWAL0034355 Shelby 28 Jun 1989 Kral, R.
76715.2
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
UNA00053917 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Brian R. Keener
289
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00019645 Monroe 25 May 2011 T. Wayne Barger
216
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
TROY000037285 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Brian R. Keener
7332
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
38941 Dallas 17 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
805
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
SAMF0001221 Blount 17 Jul 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5253
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
73112 Lauderdale 9 JUL 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5525
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
AMAL00013408 Butler 21 Jun 2007 A. R. Diamond
17744
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
34827 Bibb 9 JUN 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1549
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
SAMF0001211 St. Clair 29 Sep 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4077
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00012607 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3167
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00062277 Bibb 29 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11944
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
UWAL0035896 Blount 24 Aug 2015 Anderson, Kelly
0911
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
28068 Elmore 28 JUL 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
752
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
AMAL00008317 Bibb 29 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11944
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00036153 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 1962 Rebecca Deramus
200
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
UNA00012583 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
42472 Chambers 6 JUL 1972 DAWN, MARTHA
045
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UNA00067249 Butler 21 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17744
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
59152 Randolph 13 SEP 2000 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2000-73
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
USAM000004019 Baldwin 15 May 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9227
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
58744 Randolph 7 SEP 1985 GODWIN, JAMES C.
RO-09
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
58360 Tallapoosa 14 JUN 1997 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER99
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UNA00036116 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
830
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00009575 Randolph 27 Jun 1986 C. F. Nixon
2329
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00012600 Tuscaloosa 10 Jul 1877 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00014939 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12654
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00036178 Hale s.d. Linda Leigh Glenboski
17
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00002677 Baldwin 08 Jul 2012 Dan Spaulding
13525
AMAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. angustifolia (Michaux) Fernald
TROY000010003 Crenshaw 09 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11794
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000029062 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12654
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000010004 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11734
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0016695 Montgomery 29 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25267
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
60491 Crenshaw 19 AUG 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10454
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UWAL0017381 Marengo 08 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4366
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000024851 Crenshaw 27 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19628
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
69195 Chambers 27 SEP 2007 DUTE, ROLAND
SN
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L. var. ANGUSTIFOLIA (MICHX.) FERN.
UWAL0012085 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7332
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
32975 Perry 30 JUN 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
150
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
TROY000039242 Montgomery 29 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25267
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0003513 Madison 06 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12654
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010009 Pike 03 Jul 2000 James A. Hall
52
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036133 Marshall 12 Jul 1956 Joab L. Thomas
60
UNA
Commelina erecta L. var. greenei Fassett
17642 Montgomery 7 AUG 1969 OWENS, JAMES R.
122
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UWAL0034008 Sumter 23 Jul 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6614
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus var. erecta
65272 Chilton 27 JUL 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15592
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UWAL0038197 Mobile 04 Sep 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8171
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00054575 Blount 7 Aug 1998 Brian R. Keener
1422
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
SAMF0001223 Marshall 12 Jul 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
60
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
38942 Wilcox 23 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
830
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
USAM000004022 Mobile 12 May 1979 Michel G. Lelong
10787
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
23361 Macon 19 JUN 1971 FIRST, F. B.
002
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
41587 Randolph 29 JUN 1973 SPENCER, S. K.
049
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UNA00036106 Lowndes 16 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
788
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
AMAL00000090 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Brian R. Keener
289
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00063002 Morgan 6 Jul 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11978
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
UWAL0036102 Clarke 29 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8904
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
SAMF0003050 Covington 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4359
SAMF
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
AMAL00000091 Etowah 31 Aug 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8603
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
UNA00036111 Tuscaloosa 17 Jul 1940 Roland M. Harper
3792
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010001 Butler 21 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17744
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0016655 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25476
UWAL
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
43418 Conecuh 13 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
840
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UNA00066913 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3167
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000024850 Bullock 17 Jun 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19424
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000034141 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 J. Kevin England
2978
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000010008 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18072
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UWAL0003512 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3167
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
TROY000010007 Lee 24 Jun 2004 Roland Dute
s.n.
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
TROY000024757 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3167
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
USAM000004020 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 Michel G. Lelong
4087
USAM
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
UNA00036188 Lee 10 Oct 1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Commelina erecta L.
UWAL0015876 Bullock 10 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0651
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
60483 Crenshaw 22 SEP 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10548
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
UWAL0031727 Crenshaw 20 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87682
UWAL
Commelina erecta L.
26013 Escambia 7 OCT 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
33840
AUA
COMMELINA ERECTA L.
AMAL00019700 Dallas 24 May 2010 T. Wayne Barger
237
AMAL
Commelina erecta var. erecta
TROY000038679 Bullock 10 May 2012 Bailey Dykes
651
TROY
Commelina erecta Linnaeus
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