Viola tripartita

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola tripartita Elliott
Common Name:Three Part Violet; Three Part Leaf Violet
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VITR4
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:Unfortunately, there has been long confusion regarding Viola tripartita Elliott, V. glaberrima (Ging.) House, and V. tenuipes Pollard. From additional study (Ballard et al) discovered that all three are distinct entities and should not be treated as synonyms or varieties of V. tripartita as done in the past. Of these three entities, V. tripartita and V. tenuipes occur in Alabama while V. glaberrima is now excluded from our flora as it is thought to occur in the southern Appalachians but not reaching our flora area. Viola tripartita s.s. is restricted to the NE part of Alabama producing mature stem leaves that are almost always deeply divided. Viola tenuipes is more widespread in the state and has often been treated as V. glaberrima or V. tripartita var. glaberrima. It is of mesic woodlands and the leaves are never divided. Specimens below with undivided leaves longer than wide are likely identifiable with V. tenuipes and thus should be annotated as such--B.R. Keener.
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVIOLACEAE - Violet family
Genus Viola
Species Viola tripartita Elliott - Three Part Violet; Three Part Leaf Violet

Citation

Citation Viola tripartita Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1(3): 302. 1817.
Basionym: **
Type: GEORGIA: Clarke Co.: Near Athens, s.d., Green s.n. (holotype: CHARL?).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Viola hastata var. tripartita Viola hastata Michaux, var. tripartita (Elliott) A. Gray, Bot. Gaz. 11: 291. 1886.Viola tripartita Elliott 1817. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Cleburne, Coosa, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Marshall, Pike, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1944 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000009739 Henry 31 Mar 2000 Kral, Robert
89283
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
SAMF0002544 Jefferson 06 Apr 2007 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3675
SAMF
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137964 Calhoun 27 Mar 1956 Lewis, Sonny
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137980 Etowah 09 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1150
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_51237 Pike 15 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4214
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00055793 Lee 19 Apr 2002 Keener, Brian R.
1981
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_13128 Lee 17 Mar 1966 Smith, David M.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU144450 Cleburne 29 Mar 1993 Hutchinson, Francine
1268
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
TROY000009740 Pike 08 May 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12418
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_28608 Tallapoosa 1 Apr 1976 Rutland, David W.
1915
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137975 DeKalb 15 Apr 1967 Sanford, N.
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_3529 Lee 18 Apr 1926 Thompson, C.F.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137976 DeKalb 24 Apr 1978 Kral, Robert
61602
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
TROY000009738 Henry 28 Mar 2003 Kral, Robert
93714
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU138042 Lee 18 Apr 1964 Bozarth, Gene A.
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137971 Cherokee 27 Mar 1967 Harris, Norman
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_50595 Pike 14 May 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5896
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011580 Lawrence 26 Apr 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6132
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_16797 Tallapoosa 17 Apr 1966 Koelling, Alfred C.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU144427 Calhoun 10 Apr 1993 Hutchinson, Francine
1306
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU138048 St. Clair 02 Apr 1982 Whetstone, R. David
10852
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_17907 Fayette 18 Apr 1970 Rush, Larry
066
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137969 Calhoun 03 Apr 1967 Collier, Gary
4
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_45418 Macon 5 Apr 1979 Crawford, Daniel S.
035
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137958 Bibb 14 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38483
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011590 Jefferson 17 Apr 1944 Harper, Roland M.
3964
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_52907 Dale 21 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8017
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137967 Calhoun 30 Mar 1953 Mayes, Carolyn
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_3527 Lee 15 Apr 1953 Bennett, Orus L.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
TROY000024536 St. Clair 11 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2526
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_13152 Chambers 30 Mar 1967 Golden, Michael
18
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011525 Calhoun 08 May 1979 Wiersema, John H.
679
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_3532 Lee 6 Apr 1949 Snow, Samuel P.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137959 Calhoun 09 Apr 1967 Jennings, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011540 Russell 03 Apr 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7690
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_29536 Tallapoosa 1 Apr 1976 Rutland, David W.
1930
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137962 Calhoun 04 Apr 1954 Shamblee, Thomas
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_58192 Tallapoosa 11 Apr 1998 Tyler, Patricia J.
TYLER183
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137961 Calhoun 06 May 1982 Whetstone, R. David
10953
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_51083 Shelby 25 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6766
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011446 Jackson 09 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
470
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_15343 Macon 9 Apr 1966 Searcy, James W.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011560 Tuscaloosa 20 Apr 1977 Miranda, Nisa
60
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
UNA00011555 Etowah 28 Apr 1979 Wiersema, John H.
617
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
TROY000024496 Chilton 10 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15103
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_10673 Lee 27 Apr 1963 Taylor, T.D.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU138047 St. Clair 06 Apr 1956 Terry, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00045899 St. Clair 12 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
612
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_60852 Tallapoosa 26 Apr 1952 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU138046 Shelby 17 Apr 1985 Bussey, Melanie G.
1157
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU138045 Marshall 02 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1502
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137966 Calhoun 13 Apr 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
138
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00017517 Coosa 30 Apr 1972 Kral, Robert
46013
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
JSU137978 DeKalb 20 Apr 1968 Payton, Charles
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU138041 Etowah 08 Apr 1982 Bollinger, Carl A.
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137970 Cherokee 27 Mar 1967 Harris, Norman
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011535 Walker 02 Apr 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6076
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_62701 St. Clair 11 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2526
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137974 Cleburne 09 Apr 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
611
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137972 Cherokee 01 Apr 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7950
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_38463 Lee 13 Apr 1980 Rush, Bob
051
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU138051 Shelby 17 Apr 1985 Bussey, Melanie G.
1157
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_35157 Calhoun 13 May 1979 Coggins, W.A.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
TROY000009737 Dale 27 Mar 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
501
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137957 Bibb 14 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38483
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00058168 St. Clair 11 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2526
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_53978 Bullock 22 Apr 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5846
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011570 Jackson 09 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
470
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_25567 Calhoun 25 Apr 1969 Kral, Robert
34439
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011565 Fayette 20 Apr 1979 Wiersema, John H.
577
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
JSU138044 Marshall 16 Apr 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
5446
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011545 Hale 23 Apr 1966 Williams, Norris H.
249
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_3530 Lee 10 May 1926 Stough, G.S.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137960 Calhoun 10 Apr 1968 Stuart, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00055786 Lee 27 Mar 2002 Keener, Brian R.
1974
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_3531 Lee May 1949 Cunningham, Hugh B.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_29574 Tallapoosa 1 Apr 1976 Rutland, David W.
1965
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137968 Calhoun 04 Apr 1954 Sherman, Harry
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_63209 St. Clair 28 Mar 2003 Umphrey, Shane
14
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011530 Tuscaloosa 24 Apr 1977 Daniels, J.A.
107
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
UNA00011530 Tuscaloosa 24 Apr 1977 Daniels, J.A.
107
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
UNA00011560 Tuscaloosa 20 Apr 1977 Miranda, Nisa
60
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_33840 Shelby 19 Apr 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1072
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137979 Etowah 13 Apr 1956 Hampton, Bill
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011575 Autauga 16 Apr 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7741
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_51037 Barbour 4 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6675
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137973 Cherokee 01 Apr 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
1008
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137965 Calhoun 15 Apr 1970 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_53421 Jackson 19 Sep 1991 Gunn, Scott C.
2090
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU138050 Shelby 17 Apr 1985 Bussey, Melanie G.
1157
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011585 St. Clair 09 Apr 1977 Bradshaw, Dwight K.
80
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
TROY000024537 St. Clair 03 May 1980 Kral, Robert
64911
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU138052 Talladega 01 Mar 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
43
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011585 St. Clair 9 Apr 1977 Bradshaw, Dwight K.
80
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
UNA00011550 Jackson 09 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
483
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
AUA_ACC_33536 Bibb 12 Apr 1977 Sessler, Ann
931
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU137977 DeKalb 20 Apr 1968 Fox, Margaret
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
UNA00011456 Tuscaloosa 16 Apr 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
TROY000047888 Autauga 03 Apr 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1580
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU137963 Calhoun 11 Apr 1956 Traylor, Wayman
s.n.
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
AUA_ACC_3528 Lee 30 Apr 1952 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
JSU138049 Shelby 17 Apr 1985 Bussey, Melanie G.
1157
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
JSU138043 Marshall 10 Apr 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3459
JSU
Viola tripartita Elliott
TROY000032890 Bullock 24 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21803
TROY
Viola tripartita Elliot
AUA_ACC_52556 Crenshaw 16 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6719
AUA
Viola Tripartita Ell.
UNA00011451 Tuscaloosa _ Apr 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Viola tripartita Ell.
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